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Zoology, an exciting and rapidly expanding field, is the study of all animal (including human) life. Zoologists have traditionally made important contributions to society’s knowledge of the natural world. Important breakthroughs include our understanding of heredity and how genes operate, and the concept of evolution with its implications for how we and other species have originated and why animals look and behave as they do. Zoology in the future will continue to contribute new insights into the workings of nature, and this dynamic scientific field is thus an opportune area for fresh minds to seek training and careers.
Zoological research helps us to understand human problems associated with population growth, disease, radiation hazards, and pollution. Medical and behavioural studies often depend on discoveries made with other animals. Zoology contributes to applied fields such as veterinary medicine, pest control, and management of fish, wildlife, and natural areas. It also deals with the study of the systematics and biodiversity of animals.
Zoology is a diverse field of study. It may be divided into many specialized areas, some based on groups such as protozoa, insects, fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals, and others based on levels of organization or methods of study, such as molecular biology, cell biology, anatomy, physiology, genetics, behaviour, ecology, population biology and evolution. Because of this diversity, there is no shortage of interesting and challenging topics of study.
Careers in Zoology are diverse and numerous. They include teaching at all levels of education - schools, colleges and universities -throughout the world. Many Zoologists are also employed by government departments, agricultural institutes, medical laboratories, resource industries, environmental consulting companies, pharmaceutical laboratories and publishing companies. Although many of the careers require only specialization in Zoology at the undergraduate level, others require advanced degrees (M Sc or Ph D) in this area.
It is important that students wishing to pursue Programs in Zoology or jointly sponsored programs seek counselling. Some students may wish to take programs that include Zoology courses, or take courses in other departments. For example, a student with broad interests in Ecology may wish to take courses in Botany, Environmental studies (ENV, INI), Geography or Forestry. To insure that you receive proper advice and enrol in the most suitable courses, the Undergraduate Office in Zoology should be consulted.
Associate Chair (Undergraduate Affairs):
Professor J.D. Rising
Student Counselling and Enquiries:
Ramsay Wright Zoological Laboratories, Room 019 (416-978-2084/8879)
Zoology ProgramsDevelopmental Biology: see Biology
Ecology: see Biology
Evolutionary Biology: see Biology
Neuroscience: see Neuroscience
Zoology (Science program)
Students in these Programs are encouraged to notify the Department annually of their course selections, beginning in the Second Year.
Enrolment in the Specialist, Major and Minor programs listed below requires completion of four courses; no minimum GPA is required.
Behaviour (Science program)
Students wishing to take PSY courses to fulfill the requirements of this program should take PSY100Y1. To take additional PSY courses, students must be enroled in a PSY program or have obtained a minimum of 70% in PSY100Y1.
Comparative Animal Physiology (Science program)
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