ZOO Zoology Courses
Undergraduate seminar that focuses on specific ideas, questions, phenomena or controversies, taught by a regular Faculty member deeply engaged in the discipline. Open only to newly admitted first year students. It may serve as a distribution requirement course; see page 40.
Biological issues and concepts. Human interactions with each other, with other species, and with the physical environment. Human biological and cultural evolution (mechanisms, changes in anatomy, behaviour, conceptualization, resource consumption, biotechnology); sexuality (development, theories and controversies in current research); population growth and environmental impact (carrying capacity, water and land use; pollution, resource management); environmental health (biodiversity, food supply, pesticides, ethics and decision-making).
Organic evolution by natural selection, both as formulated by Darwin and Wallace and modified by modern workers: topics vary but may include speciation; evolution of higher taxa, mutation, natural selection, adaptations and coevolution. Essays and reading required.
See “Division of the Environment”
The main ideas of physiology and the contribution of experimentation to our understanding of life processes. Uses examples from throughout the animal kingdom, and includes the physiology of nervous, muscular, sensory and endocrine systems, control mechanisms, salt and water balance, respiration, thermoregulation, reproduction and metabolic processes.
The ontogeny and phylogeny of vertebrate structure are considered within the context of evolutionary theory. Functional aspects of the various organ systems are examined. Representative fish and mammals are dissected in detail and other forms are dealt with briefly to illustrate selected anatomical features and to provide practical exposure to vertebrate construction.
Diversity of animals in the world. Special attributes, requirements and ecosystems of different groups of organisms and how they interact with each other and with humans. Laboratories emphasize recognition of major groups, and use living organisms when possible, but involve no invasive procedures.
Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. See page 40 for details.
Lectures on the biology of birds, and intensive field work emphasizing field identification, census techniques, and habitat preferences. Student projects included. Offered for two weeks in the spring or summer at a field station.
A field and lecture course introducing students to the diversity of marine invertebrates. Focuses on taxonomy, structure and ecology of the varied invertebrate fauna of Bermuda’s coral reefs and nearshore habitats. Field and laboratory work is extensive. Individual student projects are required. Offered in Bermuda; duration 4 weeks in summer. Must snorkel or scuba dive.
A broad introduction to animal behaviour emphasizing concepts from ethology and behavioural ecology. Field and laboratory studies are undertaken.
The control of physiological processes by hormones secreted by the principal endocrine glands in vertebrate animals including human. Hormonal regulation of growth, fuel metabolism, cardiovascular activity, renal function, water and electrolyte balance, reproduction and behaviour.
Daily, monthly, annual and other rhythms and methods of measuring them. Behavioural and physiological aspects of biological clocks. The importance of rhythms in experimental design, in research on brain function, in affective disorders, and the adaptive value of rhythms to animals. (Given by the Departments of Psychology and Zoology)
Examines expression, structure and function of the four major classes of ECM macromolecules: collagen, proteoglycans, non-collagenous structural proteins and glycoproteins. In addition to forming elaborate networks that give tissues and organs their unique architectural design and biophysical properties, ECM molecules act as potent regulators of all cellular activities. Emphasis is placed on the morphoregulatory contribution(s) of ECM molecules to normal and pathological development.
Basic concepts in developmental biology. Early development of invertebrates and vertebrates will be discussed with emphasis on experimental and molecular analysis of developmental mechanisms. Tutorials demonstrate examples of descriptive and experimental embryology and discuss primary literature of selected topics in developmental biology.
Organogenesis, neural development, and evolution of developmental mechanisms. The development of major organ systems in selected invertebrates and vertebrates is compared, with an emphasis on the experimental and genetic basis of our knowledge. A second theme concerns how the evolution of developmental processes contributes to animal biodiversity.
Physiological mechanisms underlying integration and regulation in the nervous system. The physiological properties of excitable cells from membranes, through neurons to synapses, neural networks and up to whole animal functions.
The importance of neurohormones and hormones in the regulation of reproduction, growth, metamorphosis and metabolism in arthropods, especially insects and crustaceans, molluscs, and other invertebrates.
In-depth survey of unique cellular adaptations of different tissues and organisms to overcome environmental stresses such as hypoxia. Emphasis is placed on cellular strategies, particularly second messanger responses, although systematic and whole organism responses will be investigated. Broad-ranging common strategies among diverse organisms are examined.
The historical evolution of modern biological science, focussing on the development of its methodology and its unifying theories, from Aristotle to DNA.
Lectures provide an introduction to the morphology, physiology, development, behaviour, evolutionary history and biological significance of insects. Tutorials will include demonstrations and multimedia to complement lectures and student presentations. Possible field trip to Wings of Paradise butterfly conservancy in Cambridge, ON. An activity fee may be collected. (Offered in alternate years)
Introduction to the morphology, physiology, development, behaviour, ecology, evolutionary history, and biological significance of insects. Labs include making an insect collection. Mandatory one week of fieldwork in Algonquin Park at end of summer preceding Fall session. ZOO360H1 can be used to fulfil a program’s field course requirement. (Offered in alternate years)
A field and laboratory course to provide practical experience in techniques for collecting and studying insects. Students will each prepare an insect collection and/or conduct a small-scale research project. Includes intensive field work.
Explores patterns of large-scale evolutionary change, played out over large geographic expanses and extended periods of time. Integrates patterns with field and experimental studies to clarify evolutionary processes. Topics include origins of species and their adaptations, historical biogeography, coevolution, community evolution, and the role of evolutionary information in conservation and biodiversity initiatives. Tutorials emphasize methods used to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships.
Systematics, morphology, ecology, behaviour, biogeography and conservation (extinction past and present) of “fishes” from the jawless craniates (hagfish and lampreys) through sharks and rays to the herrings, minnows, and catfishes. Laboratory examines representative specimens from the groups discussed in lecture. Students are expected to identify specimens for the lab quizzes. (Offered in alternate years)
Systematics, morphology, ecology, behaviour, biogeography and conservation (extinction past and present) of the Eutelostei (from pike and salmon to the percimorphs, including most fish seen on a coral reef). Laboratory examines representative specimens from the groups discussed in lecture. Students are expected to identify specimens for the lab quizzes. (Offered in alternate years)
Avian diversity and evolution; adaptations for flight; physiology; migration and navigation; reproduction and social behaviour; species; speciation, and hybridization; population trends and conservation. Local field trips.
Natural history of mammals emphasizing ecology, community structure, behaviour, reproduction, and life history strategies; form and function related to different modes of life and physical environments. Laboratory includes a survey of Ontario mammals. (Offered in alternate years)
The origin, evolution, zoogeography, phylogenetic relationships and diversity of mammals; speciation, extinction and current issues in conservation biology. Laboratory surveys mammalian orders, their characteristics, identification, and systematic relationships. (Offered in alternate years)
An instructor-supervised group project in an off-campus setting. See page 40 for details.
Circadian rhythms with emphasis on non-photic entrainment and phase shifting of rhythms by behaviour (e.g., social interactions, or becoming active). Properties and physiological mechanisms for non-photic effects and comparisons with those for photic effects. Seminars and readings of original papers. Emphasis on basic principles, but possible applications are also discussed. (Given by the Departments of Psychology and Zoology)
Study of the origins and structure of animal communication systems, and their biological functions. A diversity of sensory channels (e.g., visual, acoustic, chemical, tactile, electric) are considered. Individual research projects are undertaken.
Computer-assisted methods for constructing and testing phylogenetic hypotheses are introduced through lectures and laboratories. Molecular, biochemical, and morphological data are compared and contrasted as indicators of relationships. Character coding, parsimony, compatibility, and congruence are discussed. Students prepare a comprehensive term paper based on analysis of individual data sets. (Offered in alternate years)
The experimental basis of modern animal physiology: techniques and instrumentation and their importance to current physiological concepts, using examples from the literature and the research programs of members of the Department.
An original research project (a literature review alone is not sufficient) requiring the prior consent of a member of the Department to supervise the project. The topic is to be one mutually agreed on by the student and supervisor. They must arrange the time, place, and provision of any materials and submit to the Undergraduate Office a signed form of agreement outlining details prior to being enrolled. This course is normally open only to Fourth Year students with adequate background in Zoology. All students are required to make written and, perhaps, oral presentations of the results of their projects and participate in a poster session. A copy of a written report must be submitted to the Undergraduate Office.
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