2003/2004 Calendar
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ZOO Zoology Courses

| Course Winter Timetable |

First Year Seminar 52S

Undergraduate seminar that focuses on specific ideas, questions, phenomena or controversies, taught by a regular Faculty member deeply engaged in the discipline. Open only to newly admitted first year students. It may serve as a distribution requirement course; see page 40.

Organisms in their Environment

See “Biology”

Biology, Models, and Mathematics

See “Biology”

Aspects of Human Biology 52L, 26T

Biological issues and concepts. Human interactions with each other, with other species, and with the physical environment. Human biological and cultural evolution (mechanisms, changes in anatomy, behaviour, conceptualization, resource consumption, biotechnology); sexuality (development, theories and controversies in current research); population growth and environmental impact (carrying capacity, water and land use; pollution, resource management); environmental health (biodiversity, food supply, pesticides, ethics and decision-making).
This course counts as a Science Distribution Requirement for students in all years and disciplines; particularly suitable for Humanities and Social Science students.

Evolution and Adaptation 52L, 26T

Organic evolution by natural selection, both as formulated by Darwin and Wallace and modified by modern workers: topics vary but may include speciation; evolution of higher taxa, mutation, natural selection, adaptations and coevolution. Essays and reading required.
Exclusion: BIO150Y1/BIO323H1/ZOO324Y1
This course counts as a Science Distribution Requirement or students in all years and disciplines; particularly suitable for Humanities and Social Science students.

Statistics for Biologists

See “Biology”

Environmental Biology

See “Division of the Environment”

Introductory Animal Physiology 52L, 24P

The main ideas of physiology and the contribution of experimentation to our understanding of life processes. Uses examples from throughout the animal kingdom, and includes the physiology of nervous, muscular, sensory and endocrine systems, control mechanisms, salt and water balance, respiration, thermoregulation, reproduction and metabolic processes.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Cell and Molecular Biology

See “Biology”


See “Biology”

Comparative Anatomy 26L, 78P, 26T

The ontogeny and phylogeny of vertebrate structure are considered within the context of evolutionary theory. Functional aspects of the various organ systems are examined. Representative fish and mammals are dissected in detail and other forms are dealt with briefly to illustrate selected anatomical features and to provide practical exposure to vertebrate construction.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Animal Diversity 52L, 78P

Diversity of animals in the world. Special attributes, requirements and ecosystems of different groups of organisms and how they interact with each other and with humans. Laboratories emphasize recognition of major groups, and use living organisms when possible, but involve no invasive procedures.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Research Opportunity Program

Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. See page 40 for details.

Arctic Ecosystems

See “Biology”

Tropical Ecology and Evolution

See “Biology”

Field Ornithology TBA

Lectures on the biology of birds, and intensive field work emphasizing field identification, census techniques, and habitat preferences. Student projects included. Offered for two weeks in the spring or summer at a field station.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1 and permission of instructor
BIO305H1 Experimental Ecology in Southern Ontario
See “Biology”

Inter-University Field Courses

See “Biology”
BIO307H1 Alpine Ecosystems
See “Biology”

Biodiversity and Ecology in Indochina

See “Biology”

Tropical Marine Invertebrates TBA

A field and lecture course introducing students to the diversity of marine invertebrates. Focuses on taxonomy, structure and ecology of the varied invertebrate fauna of Bermuda’s coral reefs and nearshore habitats. Field and laboratory work is extensive. Individual student projects are required. Offered in Bermuda; duration 4 weeks in summer. Must snorkel or scuba dive.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1 and permission of instructor

Population Ecology

See “Biology”

Community Ecology

See “Biology”

Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology 26L, 39P

A broad introduction to animal behaviour emphasizing concepts from ethology and behavioural ecology. Field and laboratory studies are undertaken.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1


See “Biology”

Evolutionary Ecology

See “Biology”

Endocrine Physiology 26L

The control of physiological processes by hormones secreted by the principal endocrine glands in vertebrate animals including human. Hormonal regulation of growth, fuel metabolism, cardiovascular activity, renal function, water and electrolyte balance, reproduction and behaviour.
Prerequisite: A course in physiology

Biological Rhythms 26L, 13T

Daily, monthly, annual and other rhythms and methods of measuring them. Behavioural and physiological aspects of biological clocks. The importance of rhythms in experimental design, in research on brain function, in affective disorders, and the adaptive value of rhythms to animals. (Given by the Departments of Psychology and Zoology)
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1/PSY100Y1; one full or two 200-series half-courses in the Sciences

Extracellular Matrix Macromolecules 26L, 13S

Examines expression, structure and function of the four major classes of ECM macromolecules: collagen, proteoglycans, non-collagenous structural proteins and glycoproteins. In addition to forming elaborate networks that give tissues and organs their unique architectural design and biophysical properties, ECM molecules act as potent regulators of all cellular activities. Emphasis is placed on the morphoregulatory contribution(s) of ECM molecules to normal and pathological development.
Prerequisite: BIO250Y1

Physiological Ecology

See “Biology”

Developmental Biology I 26L, 26T

Basic concepts in developmental biology. Early development of invertebrates and vertebrates will be discussed with emphasis on experimental and molecular analysis of developmental mechanisms. Tutorials demonstrate examples of descriptive and experimental embryology and discuss primary literature of selected topics in developmental biology.
Prerequisite: BIO250Y1, BIO260H1/HMB265H1

Developmental Biology II 26L, 39T

Organogenesis, neural development, and evolution of developmental mechanisms. The development of major organ systems in selected invertebrates and vertebrates is compared, with an emphasis on the experimental and genetic basis of our knowledge. A second theme concerns how the evolution of developmental processes contributes to animal biodiversity.
Prerequisite: ZOO328H1

Neurobiology 26L, 13T

Physiological mechanisms underlying integration and regulation in the nervous system. The physiological properties of excitable cells from membranes, through neurons to synapses, neural networks and up to whole animal functions.
Prerequisite: PSL201Y1/PSL302Y1/ZOO252Y1

Comparative Endocrinology of Invertebrates 26L

The importance of neurohormones and hormones in the regulation of reproduction, growth, metamorphosis and metabolism in arthropods, especially insects and crustaceans, molluscs, and other invertebrates.
Prerequisite: ZOO252Y1

Comparative Respiratory Physiology 26L, 13T

Integrated control of cardio-respiratory physiology and metabolism in vertebrates. Topics include exercise, diving, sleep and hibernation.
Prerequisite: ZOO252Y1/ PSL302Y1

Comparative Cellular Physiology 26L

In-depth survey of unique cellular adaptations of different tissues and organisms to overcome environmental stresses such as hypoxia. Emphasis is placed on cellular strategies, particularly second messanger responses, although systematic and whole organism responses will be investigated. Broad-ranging common strategies among diverse organisms are examined.
Prerequisite: ZOO252Y1/PSL302Y1
BIO349H1 Eukaryotic Molecular Biology
See “Biology”

Introductory Virology

See “Biology”

History of Biology 52L, 26T

The historical evolution of modern biological science, focussing on the development of its methodology and its unifying theories, from Aristotle to DNA.
Exclusion: HPS323H1, HPS333H1
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1, a course in BIO/BOT/HPS/MPL/ZOO

Insect Biology 26L, 13T

Lectures provide an introduction to the morphology, physiology, development, behaviour, evolutionary history and biological significance of insects. Tutorials will include demonstrations and multimedia to complement lectures and student presentations. Possible field trip to Wings of Paradise butterfly conservancy in Cambridge, ON. An activity fee may be collected. (Offered in alternate years)
Exclusion: ZOO360H1
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Entomology 26L, 39P

Introduction to the morphology, physiology, development, behaviour, ecology, evolutionary history, and biological significance of insects. Labs include making an insect collection. Mandatory one week of fieldwork in Algonquin Park at end of summer preceding Fall session. ZOO360H1 can be used to fulfil a program’s field course requirement. (Offered in alternate years)
Exclusion: ZOO356H1
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Field Entomology TBA

A field and laboratory course to provide practical experience in techniques for collecting and studying insects. Students will each prepare an insect collection and/or conduct a small-scale research project. Includes intensive field work.
Prerequisite: ZOO356H1/ZOO360H1, and permission of instructor.

Introduction to Macroevolution 26L, 26T

Explores patterns of large-scale evolutionary change, played out over large geographic expanses and extended periods of time. Integrates patterns with field and experimental studies to clarify evolutionary processes. Topics include origins of species and their adaptations, historical biogeography, coevolution, community evolution, and the role of evolutionary information in conservation and biodiversity initiatives. Tutorials emphasize methods used to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1
BIO365H1 Biodiversity and Conservation Biology
See “Biology”

Modelling Techniques in the Life Sciences

See “Biology”

Animal Distribution 13L, 39P/T

Principles of zoogeography and those aspects of ecology which bear on the distribution of animals.
Prerequisite: BIO302H1/BIO319H1/BIO321H1/BIO323H1/BIO324H1/BOT434H1/ENV234Y1/GGR305H1

Environmental Factors 39L

A lecture and seminar course dealing with the effects of physical and chemical environments on animals.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1
Recommended preparation: ZOO252Y1, BIO319H1/BIO321H1/ENV234Y1

Biology of Fishes I 26L, 26P

Systematics, morphology, ecology, behaviour, biogeography and conservation (extinction past and present) of “fishes” from the jawless craniates (hagfish and lampreys) through sharks and rays to the herrings, minnows, and catfishes. Laboratory examines representative specimens from the groups discussed in lecture. Students are expected to identify specimens for the lab quizzes. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: ZOO265Y1
Recommended preparation: ZOO362H1

Biology of Fishes II 26L, 26P

Systematics, morphology, ecology, behaviour, biogeography and conservation (extinction past and present) of the Eutelostei (from pike and salmon to the percimorphs, including most fish seen on a coral reef). Laboratory examines representative specimens from the groups discussed in lecture. Students are expected to identify specimens for the lab quizzes. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: ZOO382H1
Recommended preparation: ZOO362H1

Biology of Amphibians 13L, 39P

Introduction to the natural history, evolution, and diversity of amphibians. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: ZOO263Y1
Recommended preparation: BIO323H1/ZOO362H1

Avian Biology 13L, 39P

Avian diversity and evolution; adaptations for flight; physiology; migration and navigation; reproduction and social behaviour; species; speciation, and hybridization; population trends and conservation. Local field trips.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1
Recommended preparation: An additional course in evolution, ecology or behaviour

Biology of Mammals 13L, 39P

Natural history of mammals emphasizing ecology, community structure, behaviour, reproduction, and life history strategies; form and function related to different modes of life and physical environments. Laboratory includes a survey of Ontario mammals. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: BIO323H1/ZOO252Y1/ZOO322H1

Mammalian Diversity 13L, 39P

The origin, evolution, zoogeography, phylogenetic relationships and diversity of mammals; speciation, extinction and current issues in conservation biology. Laboratory surveys mammalian orders, their characteristics, identification, and systematic relationships. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: BIO323H1/ZOO362H1

Independent Experiential Study Project

An instructor-supervised group project in an off-campus setting. See page 40 for details.
400-Series Courses
BIO and ZOO 400-series courses are of three types. Those numbered up to 479 are advanced courses in a particular area of specialization that usually require relevant 300-series courses as prerequisites. Courses numbered 480-496 are equally advanced in level but are broader in scope, emphasizing the integration of related sub-disciplines, critical thinking and the synthesis of ideas often crossing disciplinary boundaries. These courses, generally taken in fourth year, demand active student participation, and typically involve several faculty. Students can enrol in only one of these. However, students wishing to take an additional course should contact the Zoology Undergraduate Office. ZOO498Y1 and 499Y1 are Project courses to be arranged with individual faculty.

Global Change Ecology

See “Biology”

Advanced Topics in Biological Rhythms 26S

Circadian rhythms with emphasis on non-photic entrainment and phase shifting of rhythms by behaviour (e.g., social interactions, or becoming active). Properties and physiological mechanisms for non-photic effects and comparisons with those for photic effects. Seminars and readings of original papers. Emphasis on basic principles, but possible applications are also discussed. (Given by the Departments of Psychology and Zoology)
Prerequisite: JZP326H1

Communication and Sensory Ecology (formerly ZOO333H1) 26L, 39P

Study of the origins and structure of animal communication systems, and their biological functions. A diversity of sensory channels (e.g., visual, acoustic, chemical, tactile, electric) are considered. Individual research projects are undertaken.
Prerequisite: Any half-or full course in animal behaviour

Molecular Evolution

See “Biology”

Chromosome Biology (formerly BIO 359H1)

See “Biology”

Advanced Applications of Phylogenetic Systematics 13L, 26P

Computer-assisted methods for constructing and testing phylogenetic hypotheses are introduced through lectures and laboratories. Molecular, biochemical, and morphological data are compared and contrasted as indicators of relationships. Character coding, parsimony, compatibility, and congruence are discussed. Students prepare a comprehensive term paper based on analysis of individual data sets. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: ZOO362H1
Recommended preparation: Basic PC literacy

Conservation Biology (formerly BIO395H1)

See “Biology”


See “Biology”

Theoretical Ecology and Evolution

See “Biology”

Quantitative Ecology

See “Biology”


See “Biology”
BIO473H1 Chemical Biology
See “Biology”

Topics in Developmental Biology (formerly ZOO 482Y1)

See “Biology”

Research in Physiology 26T, 78P

The experimental basis of modern animal physiology: techniques and instrumentation and their importance to current physiological concepts, using examples from the literature and the research programs of members of the Department.
Prerequisites: PSL302Y1/ZOO252Y1; one course from ZOO325H1/ZOO332H1/ZOO344H1/ZOO346H1/ZOO347H1/ZOO375H1, 300-level laboratory courses(s) with 78P

Seminar in Evolutionary Biology

See “Biology”

Seminar in Ecology

See “Biology”

Seminar in Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology

See “Biology”

Project in Zoology I TBA

An original research project (a literature review alone is not sufficient) requiring the prior consent of a member of the Department to supervise the project. The topic is to be one mutually agreed on by the student and supervisor. They must arrange the time, place, and provision of any materials and submit to the Undergraduate Office a signed form of agreement outlining details prior to being enrolled. This course is normally open only to Fourth Year students with adequate background in Zoology. All students are required to make written and, perhaps, oral presentations of the results of their projects and participate in a poster session. A copy of a written report must be submitted to the Undergraduate Office.

Project in Zoology II 52T

Allows students to do a second independent project, supervision of which must be different from ZOO498Y1. Operates in the same manner as ZOO498Y1.
Prerequisites: ZOO498Y1

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