BOT Botany Courses
Undergraduate seminar that focuses on specific ideas, questions, phenomena or controversies, taught by a regular Faculty member engaged in the discipline. Open only to newly admitted first year students. It may serve as a breadth requirement course; see page 40.
The continuing impact of new scientific technologies on society through changes in agriculture, industry and the economy. Plant domestication, genetic resource conservation, biological invasions, environmental pollution, global warming, genetic engineering and biotechnology. Evaluation of the social implications of advances in modern plant science.
See “Division of the Environment”
Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. See page 40 for details.
The theoretical foundations of taxonomy and the types of evidence used in constructing plant classifications. Practicals emphasize taxonomic characters and their uses. Includes an independent taxonomic project.
Systematics, ecology, physiology, and genetics. Role in the environment and importance to man. Techniques of isolation, identification, and manipulation.
Variation in morphology, predominant breeding systems, dispersal syndromes, and other features between families of vascular plants in the Ontario flora are examined. Students learn key characteristics for identification of important families of ferns, fern allies, conifers and flowering plants.
Evolution of vegetative and reproductive morphology of land plants is examined. Lecture topics cover evolution of meristems, shoot architecture and vascular tissue as well as evolution of the land plant life cycle, the ovule habit, double fertilization and pollination biology.
Developmental processes in plants at the molecular, cellular and organ level. Pattern formation and cell-cell communication during embryogenesis, root development, meristem formation, flower development and cell differentiation, with an emphasis on current research using developmental mutants. (Note: BOT340H1 will not be offered in 2004-2005)
The microscopic structure of plants with emphasis on the characteristics of cells and tissues, how they are formed from plant meristems and how they function in transport, photosynthesis, transpiration, absorption, and reproduction.
Basic and applied aspects of plant disease with emphasis on understanding how the biology of plant-pathogen interactions allows the development of disease management strategies with minimum environmental impact. Weekly lab practicals provide training in common techniques of “agricultural microbiology” and plant-pathogen interactions.
An instructor-supervised group project in an off-campus setting. See page 40 for details.
The biology of microscopic, non-parasitic fungi. The physiological and structural characteristics of moulds that allow them to locate, occupy and consume nutrient substrates in the face of environmental stresses and competition from other organisms. Techniques for assessing mould activities in natural and human environments. (Offered in alternate years)
Biology of the fungal parasites of plants, other fungi, invertebrates and vertebrates (other than humans), and those involved in mutualisms such as mycorrhizae, lichens and foliar endophytism. Stress is laid on the physiological and structural features that characterize parasitic and mutualistic fungi and distinguish them from saprotrophs such as moulds and yeasts. (Offered in alternate years)
Advanced plant metabolism in relation to primary and secondary bisynthetic processes. Developments in metabolism of acetate, mevalonate, aromatic amino acid and compounds of mixed biosynthetic origin.
Structural, genetical, physiological, molecular and biochemical aspects of the interactions between higher plants and parasitic or mutualistic bacteria and fungi; conceptual and mechanistic aspects of specificity and recognition. (Offered in alternate years)
This course introduces students to major features of gene organization and expression in plants. Particular emphasis is placed on the regulation of chloroplast gene expression, interactions between the nuclear and chloroplast genomes, regulation of gene expression in response to environmental stress and biotechnological strategies for improving crop yields.
A research project, requiring the prior consent of a member of the Department to supervise the project. The topic is to be agreed on by the student and supervisor before enrolment in the course; they must also arrange the time, place, and provision of any materials. Written and oral reports are required. Normally open only to fourth-year students with adequate background in Botany.
See “Molecular Genetics and Molecular Biology”
Selected research/lecture topics in plant sciences offered to advanced students. Students completing a second research project may not be supervised by their BOT460Y1/461H1 faculty sponsor.
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