Arts & Science Calendar 1998-99: Table of Contents: Programs and Courses
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The study of Political Science at the University of Toronto is wide-ranging and diverse. Courses are offered in political theory, Canadian government, public policy and public administration, international relations, and the politics of societies that are industrialized, developing, and in transition. Many courses deal with issues (such as environmental politics, diversity, peace and conflict, globalization) that cut across fields. Course offerings are designed to introduce students to Political Science at the first year level, provide you with the foundations for further study at the second year level, and provide specialized lecture and seminar courses at the intermediate and advanced levels. Studies in Political Science provide students with a good grounding in a subject matter and an opportunity to explore the issues that confront us as individuals, groups, societies and on the international level as we prepare for the twenty-first century. In addition to the materials covered, Political Science courses are set up to offer students an opportunity to learn writing and analytical skills that will prepare you for a challenging and diverse career.

Courses in Political Science dovetail with programs in many other disciplines of the social sciences and the humanities: Economics, Sociology, History, Philosophy, and Psychology. A student interested in Canadian studies or urban problems, for example, would be well advised to choose courses from all these disciplines, as would someone interested in international affairs or foreign area studies. A student planning graduate work in the social sciences should seek to obtain a basic understanding of each of these disciplines.

The Department publishes a Handbook for undergraduate students that provides detailed information on our programs, extended descriptions of courses, background information on the interests of our instructors, and advice on how to put together a program. Copies may be obtained from the Department Office on the third floor of Sidney Smith Hall, or from the offices of College Registrars. The Union of Political Science Students, the students' organization for Political Science undergraduates, has an office in Room 1067, Sidney Smith Hall.

Undergraduate Director: Professor D.R. Cameron, Sidney Smith Hall, Room 3030 (978-6567)

Undergraduate Administrator: E. Jagdeo, Sidney Smith Hall, Room 3027 (978-3340)

Enquiries: 978-3343

Faculty Members

University Professor Emeritus
P.H. Russell, OC, MA, LL D, FRSC (I, T)

Professors Emeriti
J.S. Barker, MA, Ph D (N) † A.M. Kruger, BA, Ph D
M. Brownstone, MS, DPA, LL D J.T. McLeod, MA, Ph D (U)
W.K. Bryden, MA, Ph D J. Nun, LL M, Ph D
S.J. Colman, MA F.W. Peers, B Ed, MA, Ph D
J.S. Dupré, OC, O Ont, AM, Ph D, DScSoc, LL D, DU †D. Pokorny, D P, Prom Fil, C Sc
P.W. Fox, OC, MA, Ph D R.C. Pratt, BA, M Phil, FRSC (U)
W.E. Grasham, BA Sc, MA H.G. Skilling, MA, Ph D, LL D,
R. Gregor, MA, Ph D FRSC, Dr Hon Causa (Prague)
J.E. Hodgetts, OC, MA, Ph D, LL D, FRSC M.E. Wallace, BA, Ph D, FRSC
B. Kovrig, MA, Ph D

Associate Professor and Chair of the Department

R. Vipond, MA, Ph D (V)

Professor and Associate Chair (Graduate Studies)
R.S. Beiner, BA, D Phil (E)

Professor and Associate Chair (Undergraduate Studies)
D.R. Cameron, M Sc, Ph D

E.G. Andrew, BA, Ph D (S) T. L. Pangle, AB, Ph D, FRSC (SM)
S. Bashevkin, MA, Ph D (U) L.W. Pauly, MA, M Sc, Ph D
A. Braun, MA, Ph D (E, T) D.M. Rayside, AM, Ph D (U)
† A.S. Brudner, LL B, MA, Ph D † A. Rotstein, BA, Ph D (M)

J.H. Carens, M Phil (Theol), M Phil, Ph D A.G. Rubinoff, MA, Ph D (S)
S. Clarkson, MA, D de Rech (U) K.R.J. Sandbrook, MA, D Phil, FRSC
R.B. Day, Dip REES, MA, Ph D (E) D.V. Schwartz, MA, Ph D
† R.B. Deber, SM, Ph D (Health Admin) P. Silcox, MA, Ph D (E)

M.W. Donnelly, MA, Ph D R. Simeon, MA, Ph D
V.C. Falkenheim, MA, Ph D G. Skogstad, MA, Ph D (S)
H.D. Forbes, MA, Ph D J.E. Smith, AB, Ph D
F.J.C. Griffiths, MIA, Ph D (U) P. H. Solomon, MA, Ph D (E)
G. Horowitz, MA, Ph D S.G. Solomon, MA, Ph D (S)
L. LeDuc, MA, Ph D (SM) J.G. Stein, MA, Ph D, FRSC (U)
P.R. Magocsi, MA, MA, Ph D, FRSC R.E. Stren, MA, Ph D (I)
R.A. Manzer, MA, Ph D (S) J.A. Teichman, MA, Ph D (S)
R.O. Matthews, BA, MIA, Ph D (T) C.J. Tuohy, MA, Ph D
J. Nedelsky, MA, Ph D † M.H. Watkins, B COM (U)
N. Nevitte, MA, Ph D G. White, MA, Ph D (E)
C. Orwin, MA, Ph D (SM)

Associate Professors
R.S. Blair, MA (S) E.A. Lindquist, MA, MPP, Ph D
D.B. Cook, MA, Ph D (S) † L.E. Weinrib, BA, LL B, LL M
J.E. Esberey, MA, Ph D (S) D.A. Welch, AM, Ph D (S)
J.F. Fletcher, MA, Ph D N. Wiseman, MA, Ph D
J.J. Kirton, MA, Ph D (T) D.A. Wolfe, MA, Ph D (E, U)
A.A. Kontos, Barrister-At-Law, MA, Ph D

Assistant Professors
R.J. Deibert, MA, Ph D R. Iton, MA, Ph D (E)
† D.L. Eyoh, MA, Ph D (N) P.W.T. Kingston, MA, M Phil, D Phil (S)

† T. Homer-Dixon, BA, Ph D (U) P.L. McCarney, MCP, Ph D

L. Hooghe, Lic., Doct. M.S. Williams, AB, AM, Ph D
Adjunct Professor
A. Careless, BA, D Phil
† Cross-appointed


Enrolment in the Political Science Specialist, Major, Minor, and Joint Specialist Programs is limited. Consult the Registration Handbook & Timetable and Department for details on how to apply. Students enrolling at the end of First Year (or four courses) must obtain a cumulative GPA of at least 2.0 and a mark of at least 67% in one Political Science course. Students applying to enrol after Second Year (or eight courses) must obtain a GPA of at least 2.5 in the last four courses completed and a mark of at least 70% in each of two Political Science courses.


Specialist program: S20151 (10 POL full courses or their equivalent)

NOTE: The courses to include four 300+ series courses of which at least two must be 400-series courses.

1. At least one course in Canadian politics must be completed. Normally this requirement will be satisfied by POL 102Y/103Y/214Y.
2. Students must complete courses in at least four fields: Canadian politics, political theory, and two of international relations, comparative politics (industrial), comparative politics (developing).
First Year: POL 102Y/103Y/108Y
Higher Years:
1. POL 200Y, 320Y
2. Two full courses from the following: POL 201Y, 203Y/204Y, 208Y, 214Y
3. POL 242Y
4. Four additional POL courses

Major program Major program: M20151 (7 POL full courses or their equivalent)

NOTE: The courses to include at least two 300+ series courses.

1. At least one course in Canadian politics must be completed. Normally this requirement will be satisfied by POL 102Y/103Y/214Y.
2. Students must complete courses in at least three fields: Canadian politics, political theory, and one of international relations, comparative politics (industrial), comparative politics (developing).
First Year: POL 102Y/103Y/108Y
Higher Years:
1. POL 200Y
2. Two full courses from the following: POL 201Y, 203Y/204Y, 208Y, 214Y
3. Three additional POL courses

Minor program Minor program: R20151 (4 POL full courses or their equivalent)

The courses to include at least one 300+ series course and no more than one at the 100-level.





Consult Department of Political Science.

Enrolment in this program is limited to students with 65% in SOC 101Y, and 70% in each of SOC 200Y and 203Y. Students need to have completed 8 full courses and be enroled in the Sociology Major program. Students should also have met the requirements of the Political Science Department (see details under POLITICAL SCIENCE, Page 380).

Specialist program (Hon.B.A.): S11751 (15 full courses or their equivalent)

POLITICAL SCIENCE: Seven courses, including at least two 300+ series courses of which one must be a 400-series course.

1. At least one course in Canadian politics must be completed. Normally this requirement will be satisfied by POL 102Y/103Y/214Y.
2. Students must complete courses in at least three fields: Canadian politics, political theory, and one of international relations, comparative politics (industrial), comparative politics (developing).
First Year: POL 102Y/103Y/108Y
Higher Years:
1. POL 200Y
2. Two full courses from the following: POL 201Y, 203Y/204Y, 208Y, 214Y
3. Three additional POL courses

SOCIOLOGY: Eight courses
First Year: SOC 101Y
Higher Years:
1. SOC 200Y, 203Y, 300Y, 389Y, 401Y, 405Y
2. One of the following: SOC 210Y/213Y/220Y/260Y/301Y/306Y/313Y/340Y/360Y/369Y


(see Section 4 for Key to Course Descriptions)

For Distribution Requirement purposes, all POL courses are classified as SOCIAL SCIENCE courses.

First Year Seminar 52T

Undergraduate seminar that focuses on specific ideas, questions, phenomena or controversies, taught by a regular Faculty member deeply engaged in the discipline. Open only to newly admitted first year students. It may serve as a breadth requirement course; see First Year Seminars: 199Y.


NOTE Students may enrol in only one of POL 102Y, 103Y, 108Y

Critical Issues in Canadian Politics 52L, 26T

Understanding Canada by studying key issues: ideological issues connected with democracy, capitalism and socialism; policy issues connected with poverty, pollution and health care; economic nationalism and free trade; institutional issues connected with federalism, the party system and parliamentary reform; aboriginal politics; competing visions of Canada.
Exclusion: POL100Y, 103Y, 108Y

Canada in Comparative Context 52L, 26T

Introduces students to political science by comparing Canada to a wide range of other countries working through the fundamental political concerns of power, authority, democracy and equality, and facing common challenges, such as ethnic and cultural diversity.
Exclusion: POL100Y, 102Y, 108Y

Networks, Nations, and Global Politics 52L, 26T

An introduction to some of the basic issues in contemporary global politics. The course begins with an examination of globalization and its consequences for states and citizens. It then looks at a series of issues in global politics, and their consequences for Canada and Canadian policy. Instructors draw on faculty within the Department to help address the range of important issues. The class is conducted in an electronic classroom utilizing digital projection, laptop computers and the Internet.
Exclusion: POL100Y, 102Y, 103Y


Thinking about Politics 26L

This course is intended to make students better acquainted with some key political ideas and to see how these ideas have been applied and misapplied in the real world of politics. Political arguments and techniques of political persuasion are assessed. (Given by the Departments of History and Political Science)
Prerequisite: One course in POL or HIS

Political Theory: Visions of the Just/Good Society 52L, 26T

A selective presentation of critical encounters between philosophy and politics, dedicated to the quest for articulation and founding of the just/good society. Among the theorists examined are Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Hobbes and Locke.

Modern China in Revolution 52L, 26T

The history, social context, and political theory of revolutionary trends in China, from the Reform Movement of the 1890's to recent developments. (Given by the Departments of East Asian Studies, History, and Political Science)
Recommended preparation: EAS102Y/HIS101Y/HUM101Y

Politics of Development: Issues and Challenges 52L

The political roots and consequences of the economic crisis and mass poverty that afflict many societies in Latin America, Africa and Asia. The efficacy and practicality of various development strategies.

Politics and Government of the United States 52L

Development of government in the United States, the main features of the American political tradition, contemporary patterns of politics and policy-making. Evolution of the Constitution with reference to individual rights, federalism, and governmental powers; the functioning of executives, legislatures, bureaucracies, parties and pressure groups in the context of current policy problems.

Ukraine: Politics, Economy and Society 52L

The history of Ukraine from earliest times to the present. Economic, political, and cultural movements; Kievan Rus', Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Cossack state, national revival, twentieth century statehood, and unification.

Politics and Society in Russia 52L

Explores the struggles to build democracy and a market economy after communist rule. Topics include: the Soviet system and its collapse; constitutions, federalism, presidential power, and executive - legislative conflict; ethnic politics and ethnonationalism; the new classes; corruption and organized crime; Russia's relations with its neighbours; and, comparison of the transition process in post-Soviet states.

Introduction to International Relations 52L, 26T

The course analyzes the impact of the individual, the nation-state, and the international and transnational systems on international conflict and conflict resolution, and examines the major problems the international community confronts in a rapidly changing international environment.
Recommended preparation: Prior reading or study of Modern History

Rethinking Government in Canada 52L

Economic, demographic, social, technological and budgetary pressures are forcing Canadian governments to rethink public policies, program delivery, bureaucratic structures and how the state interacts with citizens. Students are introduced to governance and policy issues and develop practical skills through lectures, case studies, comparative analysis, briefing notes, guest speakers and role-playing.
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y

The Citizen vs. the State:

Canadian Political Parties and Elections (formerly POL339Y) 52L

The theoretical and practical problems that citizens encounter in using political parties to effect social change both through election campaigns and in federal or provincial politics.
Exclusion: POL339Y
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/214Y

Media, Technology and Politics 52L

Survey of the theory and practice of modern communication as it affects Canadian (and American) politics. Major writers considered include: Ellul, Innis, McLuhan, Chomsky, Meyrowitz. Topics include: media ownership, public regulation, election campaigns, polling, journalism as a "profession."
Exclusion: POL451Y

Canadian Government and Politics 52L, 26T

Canada's political system: its key governmental institutions, especially Cabinet and Parliament; federalism; the Charter of Rights and Freedoms; political parties and voting behaviour; ideologies and political culture; public opinion and pressure groups; regionalism and Quebec. Useful as a general course on Canada and a foundation for more specialized study.
Exclusion: POL100Y

Political Participation 26L

The behaviour of the ordinary citizen in Canada and the United States. Development of mass democracy, forms and extent of popular participation, elections and voting behaviour, political protest movements.

Elites and Political Leadership 26L

The relationship of political leaders to the non-political elites in society, the cohesiveness and responsiveness of political leadership, the turnover of elite personnel, the characteristics and processes of decision-making.
Prerequisite: POL221H/one full course in Political Science

Introduction to Research Methods 52L

This course is aimed at helping Political Science students to understand and use the quantitative methods and research designs now widely employed throughout the discipline.
Prerequisite: A course in POL

Research Opportunity Program

Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. See Research Opportunity Program for details.


NOTE Enrolment in POL 300-series courses (except POL 320Y) is limited. See Registration Handbook and Timetable for details.

Topics in Comparative Politics 52L

An introduction to the field of comparative politics. Content in any given year depends on instructor.
Exclusion: POL324Y
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y

Government and Politics in Africa 52L

The continuing relevance of pre-colonial Africa; the nature and legacy of colonial rule; African nationalism and the consolidation of power in the newly-independent states; government, party and the people; the role of the military; national integration; dependency and neo-colonialism; socialism and development; democracy and human rights.
Prerequisite: A course in POL/a course on developing countries

Politics and Government of Western Europe 52L

Topics of European political development: types of democracy, the post-war social contract, organized interests in Europe, changing party landscape, new social movements. Special attention to Germany, Britain, Belgium and the European Union.
Prerequisite: A course in POL/EUR200Y
Recommended preparation: General history of Europe

Politics and Society in Germany (formerly POL303H) 52L

This course explains the history of the two Germanies since 1945, and examines contemporary German politics and their implications.
Exclusion: POL303H
Prerequisite: A course in POL/EUR200Y

Ethnicity and Politics in Canada (formerly POL202Y) 52L

Development of political institutions and policies to manage ethnic relations; political strategies and resources for achieving ethnic goals; case studies: self-government and the First Nations; renewed federalism/sovereignty association and the Quebecois; multiculturalism and minority rights.
Exclusion: POL202Y/SOC210Y
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y/214Y

Politics and Society in Latin America 52L

The colonial heritage, the failure of nation-states to develop as integrated and autonomous power structures, dependent capitalism and political order, contrasting types of domination, rigid monopolization and the flexible use of the state by the ruling sectors, national revolution and the socialist alternative.
Prerequisite: A course in POL/a course on developing countries

The Political Economy of the European Union in International Perspective 52L

An introduction to the fields of comparative and international political economy. It focuses on the politics of economic management in the EC and compares the European experience to that of the United States and Japan.
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y/EUR200Y

Managing International Military Conflict 52L

Analysis of different aspects of conflict management, including security regimes, U.N. peacekeeping, mediation, bilateral as well as multilateral techniques.
Prerequisite: POL208Y

Ideas and Ideologies in Canadian Politics 52L

A survey of the practically important ideas in Canadian politics emphasizing the similarities and differences between political parties. Conservatism, liberalism, socialism, nationalism and multiculturalism in Canada.
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y/214Y

Canadian Foreign Policy 52L

Canada's response to the challenges of globalization and the post-cold war world. The major alternative theoretical approaches, the changing doctrines and patterns of Canadian foreign policy from 1945 to the present, the making of Canadian foreign policy, relations with the United States, within NAFTA, and with other global regions.
Prerequisite: POL208Y or equivalent

Politics and Psychology 52L

Psychological implications of political theories. Attention to alternative approaches to research and theorizing. The bearing of psychological perspectives on political issues.
Prerequisite: A course in POL/PSY

Public Opinion and Voting (formerly POL314Y) 26L

The attitudes and behaviour of the mass public in Canada and other western democracies, with emphasis on voting and elections. Themes include the nature of social, psychological, and economic forces on public opinion and voting, political participation, mass media, public opinion polling, electoral systems, and the role of parties, leaders, and issues in elections. Examination of recent national surveys of the Canadian electorate.
Exclusion: POL314Y
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y/214Y

Sexual Diversity Politics (formerly POL315Y) 39L

An interdisciplinary examination of the development of political visibility by gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and the transgendered in the contemporary period; and an analysis of public policy on and state regulation of sexual diversity in Canada, the U.S., Britain, and other European countries.
Exclusion: POL315Y
Prerequisite: UNI255H/one full course on the politics of 20th century Europe, U.S., or Canada/one full course on gender or sexuality/permission of the instructor

Contemporary Canadian Federalism 52L

Constitutional, political, administrative, and financial aspects of federal-provincial relations, regionalism, and cultural dualism.
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y/214Y

Comparative Public Policy and Administration 52L

Major theories and concepts in the fields of public administration and public policy, drawing on the experience of advanced industrial nations.
Prerequisite: EUR200Y/POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y/(203Y/209Y preferred)/214Y

American Constitutional Law 52L

The American Constitution and the Supreme Court's role in its exposition and development. The fundamental principles of the constitution, judicial power, federalism, civil rights, freedom of speech and religion, criminal procedure. Discussion of Supreme Court cases. Comparisons with Canadian constitutional law throughout.
Prerequisite: POL104Y/203Y/a course in American history

Modern Political Thought 52L, 26T

The development of political thought from the Enlightenment and through the 19th century; implications for political thought in the 20th century. Democratic and anti-democratic tendencies.
Prerequisite: POL200Y

Ethnic Politics in Comparative Perspective (formerly POL321H) 52L

An exploration of approaches to ethnic conflict management in industrial societies. Topics covered: comparison of Canada and United States (First Nations, multiculturalism, Québécois and visible minorities); West European issues: conflict, consociation, and treatment of immigrant minorities; Israel and South Africa; East European disintegration: Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia; role of nationalities in collapse of former Soviet Union and in post-Soviet developments.
Exclusion: POL321H
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y/214Y/EUR200Y

Might and Right Among Nations 78L

An exploration of the issue of justice among nations. Is such justice genuine or is it largely spurious? What are the prospects for a just international order? Careful examination and thorough discussion of texts by Thucydides, Rousseau, Kant, and other first-rate thinkers on these issues.
Prerequisite: POL200Y/208Y

European Integration 52L

Historical events and movements, institutions, policies, and implications for state-society relations in Europe. Focus mainly on the European union.
Exclusion: POL300Y
Prerequisite: EUR200Y/a course in POL

Development and Destiny: Theories of Political Change 52L

Studies of theories that have sought to explain, guide, and evaluate political change in Asia, Africa, and Latin America since 1945. Emphasis on careful and critical reading of influential books and essays. Authors may include Fanon, Baran, Freire, Huntington, and Sen.
Prerequisite: POL200Y, another course on the politics or history of 20th century Asia, Africa or South America

United States Foreign Policy 52L

The foreign policy of the United States: tradition and context of American decision-making, the process by which it is formulated, application to a number of specific regions and problems in the world.
Prerequisite: POL203Y/208Y

Politics and Morality 52L, 52S

The relationship between the individual's quest for the good life and the political order. The role of the wise man in civil society. Study of a small number of texts.
Prerequisite: POL200Y

Comparative Provincial Politics 52L

Similarities and differences in provincial political systems. Comparative analysis of provincial societies, cultures, and institutions. Examination of political parties, leaders, elections, voting behaviour, and policy outputs.
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/214Y

Quebec Politics and Social Change (formerly POL334Y) 26L

Study and analysis of the major events and issues in Quebec society and politics. Concentrates on recent years and on the political implications of post-war economic and social change.
Exclusion: POL334Y
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y/214Y

Politics and Government in Japan (formerly POL335Y) 26L

An introduction to Japanese political economy in the context of post-war economic growth and change. The approach is comprehensive, including examination of issues related to historical developments, culture, social institutions, government structures, and public policies.
Exclusion: POL335Y
Prerequisite: A course in POL

Ontario Politics 26L

Influence of social and economic forces on contemporary Ontario politics. Topics include: major recent changes in the Ontario political system, political parties and elections, structures of governance (cabinet, legislature, etc.), local government and selected public policy issues.
Exclusion: POL336Y
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/214Y

The Canadian Constitution (formerly POL210Y) 52L

Historical origins of the Canadian constitution and its evolution since Confederation; judicial interpretation of the B.N.A. Act and its effect on federalism and civil liberties; contemporary constitutional issues; the politics of constitutional change.
Exclusion: POL210Y
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y/214Y

The Enlightenment and Modernity 52L

An interpretive study of the meaning and significance of the Enlightenment. Central themes and issues are explored through selected readings and thinkers - Locke, Kant, Hume, Rousseau, Vico, Montesquieu.
Prerequisite: POL200Y

International Law 52L

International law as an instrument of conflict resolution. Recognition, sovereign immunity, subjects of international law, jurisdiction.
Prerequisite: POL208Y

Canada and the Global Economy 52L

We analyze how globalization (market forces independent of state control) and continentalism (processes of integration codified in NAFTA) are transforming Canada's position on the world stage — economically, politically, and culturally.
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y/208Y/214Y
Recommended preparation: ECO100Y/105Y

Culture and Identity in World Politics 26L

A postpositivist and postmodernist critique of mainstream international relations thinking. In deconstructing prevalent assumptions about world politics as represented primarily by neorealist and neoliberal thought, this course highlights alternative perspectives on the construction and the emancipatory potential of political life.
Prerequisite: POL208Y

Women in Western Political Thought 52L

An examination of selected texts in ancient and modern political theory focusing on the conceptual division between private and public spheres of activity and the theorization of sexual difference and sexual equality. Examines contemporary feminist perspectives in political theory. (Given by the Departments of Philosophy and Political Science)
Prerequisite: POL200Y/NEW160Y/360Y

Politics of International Governance 52L

The history and politics of international governance, with particular emphasis on the League of Nations and its 19th century antecedents, the United Nations and the emergence of nongovernmental organizations; informal institutions and structures; and specific issue areas such as development, trade, finance, human rights and the environment.
Prerequisite: POL208Y

Social Movements in Europe and North America 52L

A comparative examination of the development of a variety of social movements, and their engagement with state institutions. The women's movement in Canada, the U.S., and various European countries receive significant attention. Movements focusing on labour, the environment, aboriginal issues, disability, race, and other issues are also discussed.
Recommended preparation: One full course on the politics of 20th century Europe, U.S. or Canada/one full course on gender or sexuality


NOTE Enrolment is limited in all Political Science and Joint Political Science 400-series courses. Students who wish to take 400-series courses must ballot through the Department. See Registration Handbook and Timetable for details.

The Political Economy of International Development 52S

A study of the political economy of development strategies, with particular reference to the ascendant neoliberal strategy. The course also explores alternative development strategies. Cases are drawn from Latin America, Africa and Asia. (Given by the Departments of Economics and Political Science)
Prerequisite: ECO100Y; at least one course in the politics of a developing area

Liberal Democracy and Its Critics (formerly POL400Y) 26S

A study of Michel Foucault's Madness and Civilization, Discipline and Punish, and The History of Sexuality.
Exclusion: POL400Y
Prerequisite: POL320Y
Recommended preparation: The Foucault Reader

Problems in the Political Thought of the Socratic School (formerly POL402H) 52S

Study of a small number of texts illuminating the origins and/or legacy of Socratic political philosophy.
Exclusion: POL402H
Prerequisite: POL320Y/323Y/330Y

The Problem of Natural Right (formerly POL404H) 52S

A study of selected texts in ancient and/or modern political philosophy that reveal the arguments for and against the idea of natural right.
Exclusion: POL404H
Prerequisite: POL320Y/323Y/330Y

Marxism 52S

A study of Marxism as political economy and as philosophy with emphasis upon dialectics. Begins with Kant, Hegel and Marx. Includes Lenin, Trotsky, Bukharin, Preobrazhensky, Pashukanis; Hilferding, Bernstein, Kautsky, Luxemburg, Korsch, Gramsci; Marcuse, Lukacs, Althusser, Habermas. Theme: relations between science, economics, politics and law.
Exclusion: POL329Y
Prerequisite: POL320Y or equivalent

Canadian Political Thought 52S

Historical examination of the theoretical bases of Canadian politics. The contributions of theorists such as George Grant and Charles Taylor to the understanding of Canadian politics.
Prerequisite: One course in Canadian politics and one course in Political Theory

Environmental Change & Acute Conflict in the Developing World 52S

An interdisciplinary research seminar on the possible links between large-scale environmental change and potentially violent conflict (including civil insurgency, ethnic strife, and war) in the developing world. Examines the regions of the world where such conflict may occur and the possible policies Canada and other countries could adopt in anticipation of these problems.
Prerequisite: POL208Y or permission of the instructor

The Political Economy of Technological Change (formerly POL409Y) 26S

Explores centrality of science and technology in political affairs generally and current significance for public policy in particular. Applies conceptual tools of political economy to analyze the nature of technological change in industrial democracies since the late 19th century. It assesses social and political consequences of the current wave of technological innovation and alternative responses of industrial democracies.
Exclusion: POL409Y
Prerequisite: CSC300H/ECO360Y/GGR326H/HPS201H/202H/POL300Y/302Y/309Y/317Y

Cases in Canadian Public Administration (formerly POL411Y) 26S

Selected topics and case studies in Canadian Public Administration.
Exclusion: POL411Y
Prerequisite: POL209Y/214Y

Human Rights, Democracy and International Politics (formerly POL412Y) 26S

Explores human rights with reference to global politics and common ways of thinking about democracy and its limits. Materials to be considered are theoretical, practical, empirical and historical, a number of them from Latin America. The defence and protection of human rights provides the basic reference point.
Exclusion: POL412Y
Prerequisite: POL201Y/208Y/320Y

The Challenge of Integration: Politics and Policy-Making in the European Union 26S

This course examines the European Union as a model of political integration and explores its policy making capacity. It attempts to assess the relative contribution of national governments, community actors and institutions in selected policy areas.
Prerequisite: POL300Y/302Y/303Y/307Y/317Y

Politics of the International System 52S

The course explores the theoretical nature of the international system and its historical evolution.
Prerequisite: POL208Y

The Third World in International Politics 52S

The newly independent countries of Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Middle East; their impact on the international system, and the external and internal factors that influence their international behaviour.
Prerequisite: POL208Y/a course in Comparative Politics (Developing Countries)

Politics and Planning in Third World Cities 52S

The social and economic problems faced by large third world cities; relationship between urban politics and the kinds of solutions that are advanced. "Slums" and low-cost housing policies, unemployment and marginal populations, the dynamics of urban government, and the politics of planning.
Prerequisite: POL201Y/301Y/305Y/a course on the Third World

Quantitative Methods and Data Analysis 52S

The use of advanced data analysis techniques in the social sciences, management and analysis of large datasets, techniques of multivariate analysis, problems of causal inference and interpretation of data.
Prerequisite: POL242Y/one course in statistics and basic familiarity with SPSS

The Practice and Institutions of Diplomacy 52S

Evaluation of the nature of foreign policy negotiation and decision-making from the perspective of the practitioner. Case studies selected from major episodes in the practice of diplomacy after 1945. Particular attention paid to the evolution and impact of Canadian institutions and the role of personalities. (Given by the Departments of History and Political Science)
Prerequisite: ECO342Y/HIS311Y/POL312Y

Comparative Constitutionalism 52S

The course explores the theory and practice of constitutionalism in modern democracies. Topics include the politics of constitutional change, the treatment of rights including land rights and rights of Aboriginal peoples, equality issues, republicanism and the effect of globalization on domestic constitutionalism.
Prerequisite: POL210Y/319Y/337Y
Recommended preparation: POL320Y

Topics in Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics 52S

Ethnic politics and emergence of ethnonationalism in the Soviet Union and post-Soviet world, especially the role of ethnic politics and ethnonationalism in the collapse of the Soviet state and post-Soviet relations. Law and politics in the USSR and its successor states, especially the politics of judicial and constitutional reform since 1985.
Prerequisite: HIS351Y/POL204Y/a course in Russia/Soviet or East European politics

The Politics of Public Sector Budgeting 26S

The course examines public sector budgeting at the federal and provincial levels in Canada. It investigates how economic, political and institutional factors are transformed into budgetary policy especially during times of fiscal constraint. Comparative analysis, budgeting theory, simulations and case studies inform this seminar.
Exclusion: POL411Y
Prerequisite: POL209Y/214Y

Problems of Political Inquiry 52S

An introduction to philosophical issues in the study of politics, including forms of knowledge, explanation, objectivity, historicism, and interpretation. Texts include works by Mill, Weber, Popper, Kuhn, Horkheimer, Habermas, and Taylor.
Prerequisite: Two courses in POL

Organizational and Institutional Analysis (formerly POL426Y) 26S

We live in an organizational society. Whether our purpose is to comprehend government or non-government actors, it is important to understand how such actors work as organizations. This course reviews an extensive literature on the internal and external environments of organizations. Students develop skills in describing and explaining organizational behaviour.
Exclusion: POL426Y
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y, another POL course
Recommended preparation: POL209Y/214Y/a course in International Relations or Comparative Politics

The Spirit of Democratic Citizenship 52S

This course examines the theoretical presuppositions orienting the construction of the behaviour and skills of democratic citizenship; simultaneously, students consider what is involved. The course consists of three parts: No One Truth, Evoking the Other, and the Spirit of Equality.
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/104Y/108Y/200Y

Politics and Society in Contemporary China (formerly POL431H) 52S

Issues and themes in China's modernization effort with emphasis on 20th century social, political and economic developments.
Exclusion: POL431H
Prerequisite: JMC201Y/a course on modern China

Feminist Theory: Challenges to Legal and Political Thought (formerly POL432H) 52S

Feminist theory offers basic challenges to the foundations of modern political and legal thought. It suggests a different conception of human nature and a different model of epistemology and of appropriate forms of argument about the traditional issues of legal and political theory: justice, power, equality and freedom. Introduction to the foundations of feminist theory, an analysis of its implications for traditional liberal theory, and an application of feminist theory to law.
Exclusion: POL432H
Prerequisite: JPP343Y/POL320Y

Topics in United States Government and Politics (formerly POL433Y) 26S

Mobilization of the law. Role of lawyers' and interest groups' in bringing civil rights cases. Interest groups' use of litigation to achieve civil rights in the United States; comparison with experience under the Charter.
Exclusion: POL433Y
Prerequisite: POL203Y

Enlightenment and its Critics 52S

This course explores, through the writings of its foremost advocates and adversaries, the Enlightenment, the movement to found political life on the principles of scientific reason, universally applicable and accessible to human beings.
Prerequisite: POL320Y/330Y

Political Economy of Eastern Asia (formerly POL435Y) 26S

Examines the interactions of politics and economics in the region by applying recent theory in the study of international political economy. Emphasis on countries of East and Southeast Asia.
Exclusion: POL435Y
Prerequisite: POL208Y and a course in Economics

Problems of Political Community 52S

Explores a range of questions about political community in the modern world with attention to the relationship between claims about what political communities ought to be and empirical evidence of actual political arrangements. Focus varies from year to year, but broadly speaking the course addresses questions such as: what sort of political community is the modern state and what ought it to be; what are and ought to be the connections between cultural, ethnic, linguistic, or other social and political ties.
Prerequisite: POL200Y/320Y

The Changing World Political Order 52S

For some 400 years, world political order has been based on territorially-distinct, mutually-exclusive sovereign states. Many writers now believe this mode of organizing political space is in the midst of fundamental transformation. We examine critically the changing nature of world political order. Readings focus on alternative theoretical perspectives as well as several issue-areas in which potential transformations have been identified, such as communication, global finances, transnational production, human rights networks, growing environmental consciousness.
Prerequisite: POL208Y

Politics and Governments of Eastern Europe 52S

Comparative analysis of the former Communist states of Eastern Europe and the post-Communist successor states.
Prerequisite: POL204Y/208Y

Topics in Asian Politics 52S

Focuses on one or more themes relating to contemporary Asian politics.
Prerequisite: POL201Y/a course on modern Asia

Topics in Latin American Politics 52S

This seminar focuses on one or more themes of contemporary concern in Latin American politics.
Prerequisite: POL305Y

The Political Theory of G.W.F. Hegel 52S

An examination of the Phenomenology of Spirit and the Philosophy of Right.
Prerequisite: POL320Y

Canada and The Third World (formerly POL445Y) 26S

Canadian development assistance, trade and investment and political policies towards the Third World. The ethical, geo-political, domestic political and economic determinants of these policies and their consequences.
Exclusion: POL445Y
Prerequisite: HIS311Y/POL208Y/305Y/312Y

20th-Century Political Thought 52S

A comparative study of Camus and Arendt.
Prerequisite: POL200Y/320Y/a course in PHL

Women and Politics (formerly POL450Y) 26S

This course addresses the large and growing comparative literature in two main areas: women's political attitudes and participation. Focusing on West European and U.S. materials, the first half examines "gender gap" differences between women's and men's political beliefs, while the second assesses patterns of involvement in political institutions.
Exclusion: POL450Y
Prerequisite: POL(221H, 222H)/314Y/315Y
Recommended preparation: At least one course in both political behaviour and women's studies

Politics and the Media 52S

The relationship between politics and the news media, mainly in Canada and the U.S. Topics and major writers considered include: Innis, McLuhan, Chomsky, Bagdikian, concentration of ownership, election campaigns, polling, the press gallery, legal issues and libel chill, regulation of broadcasting, and the impact of new technologies.
Exclusion: POL213Y
Prerequisite: Three courses in POL

Twentieth Century Ukraine 52S

World War I and the Russian Revolution: the Ukrainian independence movement; the Soviet Ukraine and west Ukrainian lands during the interwar period; World War II and the German occupation; the Soviet Ukraine before and after the death of Stalin. Socio-economic, cultural, and political developments. (Joint undergraduate-graduate; given by the Departments of History and Political Science)
Prerequisite: A course in Medieval or Russian history

International Political Economy 52S

Organized around important topics in study of international political economy. With a focus on the industrialized world, it explores the political underpinnings of the global economy. Some emphasis placed on empirical examination of international monetary and financial issues. Trade and investment issues are also treated in a context which evaluates the explanatory power of various theoretical approaches.
Prerequisite: POL108Y/208Y, ECO100Y or equivalent

Judicial Review and Democracy in the United States 52S

This course explores the tension between majority rule and minority rights as it implicates the United States Supreme Court. Proceeding historically, the course examines both legal doctrine and political practice relative to "rights talk" in the United States.
Prerequisite: POL319Y
Recommended preparation: POL203Y

American Political Thought 52S

The American political tradition rests on the pillars of liberty and equality, limited government and popular sovereignty. Yet the meaning of these ideals has always been essentially contested. This course examines the principal contests for the national character from the pre-revolutionary period to the present.
Prerequisite: POL200Y/203Y
Recommended preparation: Some background in the history of Western political thought, especially Locke's Second Treatise of Government

The Military Instrument of Foreign Policy 52S

The relationship of military force to politics: Nuclear war and deterrence, conventional war, revolutionary war and counter-insurgency are examined from the perspectives of the U.S., Russia and other contemporary military powers.
Prerequisite: POL208Y

Contemporary Issues in Peace and Conflict (formerly UNI460Y) 52S

A colloquium (fall term) and research seminar (spring term) on the changing meanings of security. Concepts to be considered, and to be applied in research, range from the unconventional (feminist theorizing, the GAIA hypothesis) to the familiar (collective security, deterrence). (Offered by the Department of Political Science and University College)
Prerequisite: POL208Y/UNI260Y/permission of the instructor and the Program Director

Studies in Modern Political Theory 52S

Studies in a modern political thinker or thinkers since Rousseau.
Prerequisite: POL320Y/330Y

Public Sector Reform in the Developing World (formerly POL461Y) 26S

The origins of bureaucracy in China and Africa, the colonial state, approaches to the study of post-independence administration, the military, centralization and decentralization. Planning and the policy-making process: research methods, the administration of aid, and rural and urban development.
Exclusion: POL461Y
Prerequisite: A course on developing countries

Comparative Political Parties and Elections 52S

Political parties and party systems in Canada, United States and selected European countries. Electoral systems, problems of representation, voting and elections and processes of political change in western democracies.
Prerequisite: POL103Y/211Y/302Y/339Y

Theory of Negotiation 26S

Introduces students to theories of negotiation developed in the political and behavioural sciences and compares them to theories of negotiation implicit in the law. The course places jurisprudence against the background of theories of problem framing, pre-negotiation, breakdown, outcome implementation, structural impediments and the characteristics of negotiation as a strategy for reaching agreement, resolving conflict, and pursuing partisan interest. (Given by the Faculty of Law and the Department of Political Science)
Prerequisite: Any POL 300-level course

G7 and Global Governance I 26S

In the post-cold war, globalizing international system, the institutions of the G7 are emerging as an effective centre of global governance. Alternative conceptions of global governance and theories of international cooperation are used to explain G7 performance. National approaches to G7 diplomacy are assessed.
Prerequisite: POL208Y or equivalent
Recommended preparation: POL341Y/343Y

The Law of Canadian Democracy 26S

The course examines the legal elements of Canadian democracy and the law-making process itself. Focuses on both democratic theory as embodied in Canadian statute law and on practice as reflected in the actual workings of such law in the contemporary Canadian political and parliamentary context. (Given by the Faculty of Law and the Department of Political Science)
Prerequisite: POL210Y/337Y

G7 and Global Governance II 26S

The performance of the G7 and other international institutions in securing cooperation and compliance, and shaping international order in major contemporary issues of political economy (finance, trade, employment, development), security (arms control, regional security, democracy and human rights) and transnational global issues (environmental protection, drugs, crime, infectious disease).
Prerequisite: POL208Y or equivalent
Recommended preparation: POL312Y/324Y/326Y/341Y/342H

Constitutional Politics 26S

Considers normative and political science questions associated with polities that practice constitutionalism. Focuses on constitutional politics in Canada - both the politics of attempting to change the constitution through formal amendment and the role of the judiciary and conventions in developing the constitution. Comparisons with other constitutional democracies - Australia and the United States.
Prerequisite: POL210Y/337Y

Provincial Government 26S

Growth of the provincial state and the development of provincial policy making. Emphasis on the socio-economic environment of provincial government, the determinants and structures of policy making and public administration, federal-provincial relations, and provincial party and electoral systems. Leadership and political culture are also considered.
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/214Y, one other course in Canadian politics

Local Government in Canada 26S

The structure and political processes of local government in Canada. Topics include finance, provincial-municipal relations, elections, local government reform, and selected case studies.
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/214Y, one other course in Canadian politics

Comparative Public Policy-Making: Theories and Cases 26S

A comparative survey and critical examination of major theories of public policy-making and related approaches to policy analysis. Theories are applied in turn to selected cases of Canadian policy development which are analyzed from a comparative perspective.
Prerequisite: POL209Y/317Y

Experiencing Public Policy-Making (formerly POL439H) 26S

Examines how policies are developed and implemented, and seeks to improve students' analytic, writing and presentational skills. Through readings and role-playing sessions, exposes students to key challenges confronting policy-makers: preparing for government transitions, undertaking environmental scanning and scenario planning, evaluating alternative instruments for delivery programs, establishing consultation processes, restructuring government bureaucracies, and ensuring accountability.
Exclusion: POL439H/Y
Prerequisite: POL209Y, one 300-level course in Canadian Government/Public Policy and Administration

Islam and Politics in the Middle East 26S

This course examines the role of Islam in the contemporary politics of the Middle East and North Africa. It seeks to examine the relative importance of political, socio-economic and ideological factors which have led to Islamic resurgence and an Islamic revolution in the region. Theoretical introduction is followed by case studies.
Prerequisite: POL201Y

Problems of Pluralism and Equality 52S

Historically, liberalism has coped with the fact of social difference through doctrines of colour - or difference - blindness. Recent feminist and other critics of liberalism have argued that liberal conceptions of justice and impartiality fail to treat members of marginalized groups as equals. This course explores both sides of these debates.
Prerequisite: POL200Y/320Y/JPP 343Y

New Epistemology and Libertarian Socialism 26S

This course examines North American contributions to the development of non-linear, non-essentialist, systemic modes of evaluation of social/cultural reality. Authors studied include Joanna Macy, Gregory Bateson, Noam Chomsky and William Connolly.
Prerequisite: POL320Y

Psychoanalysis and Politics 52S

Freud's analysis of human nature focussing on his ideas about its rational and irrational components. Close examination of key Freud texts including his main contributions to political theory. Comparison of the psychoanalytic analysis of the irrational with that of Hobbes and ancient psychology.
Exclusion: POL425Y
Prerequisite: POL320Y/330Y or permission of the instructor

Topics in Political Thought I (formerly POL484H) 52S

A seminar on a central problem in political thought. It proceeds through the reading of a small number of major texts. Content in any given year depends on instructor.
Exclusion: POL484H
Prerequisite: POL320Y/323Y/330Y

Topics in Political Thought II 26S

A seminar on a central problem in political thought. It proceeds through the reading of a small number of major texts. Content in any given year depends on instructor.
Prerequisite: POL320Y

Topics in International Politics I 26S

This seminar considers the international politics and related domestic affairs of the circumpolar North since 1945. Attention is given to intergovernmental and transboundary relations along the ice states, to regional and global sources of Arctic international behaviour, and to problems in Canadian Arctic policy.
Prerequisite: POL208Y

Topics in International Politics II 26S

For advanced students of international relations. Various topics are taken up each year, the content of which depends on the instructor.
Prerequisite: POL208Y

Topics in African Politics I 26S

In depth examination of specific themes relating to contemporary African politics. Content in any given year depends on instructor.
Prerequisite: HIS395Y/POL201Y/301Y

Topics in African Politics II 26S

In depth examination of specific themes relating to contemporary African politics. Content in any given year depends on instructor.
Prerequisite: HIS395Y/POL201Y/301Y

Topics in Canadian Politics I 26S

Examines in depth enduring and emerging issues in Canadian politics. Content in any given year depends on instructor.
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y/214Y, one course in Canadian politics

Topics in Canadian Politics II 26S

Examines in depth enduring and emerging issues in Canadian politics. Content in any given year depends on instructor.
Prerequisite: POL100Y/102Y/103Y/108Y/214Y, one other course in Canadian politics

Independent Studies TBA

Open only when a faculty member is willing and available to supervise. Students must find an appropriate supervisor in the Department and obtain the approval of the Director of Undergraduate Studies before enrolling. Obtain details and an application form from the Department Undergraduate Office.
Exclusion: POL496H/497H

Independent Studies TBA

Open only when a faculty member is willing and available to supervise. Students must find an appropriate supervisor in the Department and obtain the approval of the Director of Undergraduate Studies before enrolling. Obtain details and an application form from the Department Undergraduate Office.
Exclusion: POL495Y

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Revised: April 6, 1998

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