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History is both an art and a science. Historians study the past to understand it in its own terms, to gain insight into how our world has developed, and in order to influence the present. Historical inquiry is a response to the need for information and an understanding of the broad patterns of social, economic, cultural and political development.
The study of history is a crucial part of any liberal arts program. To understand our own society and the forces for change that are propelling it towards an uncertain future, it is necessary to understand something of the past. Every political institution, social value and economic custom is itself the result of past change and is simultaneously being transformed. It is as difficult for us to appreciate our own society without some sense of how different things were in the past as it is for individuals to understand themselves without the aid of personal and family memory.
The Department of History offers a wide range of courses that are tailored to meet the needs of students at every stage of their undergraduate careers. The 100-series courses are designed for students who are new to the University. They cover a wide chronological period and a wide geographical area. The 200-series courses are designed to introduce students to specific national or geographic histories over a broad period of time. Although they are designated as 200-series courses they are open to first-year students, have no prerequisites, and students without previous university experience should be able to complete them without difficulty. The 300-series courses, not open to first-year students, usually deal with more specialized subject-matter and frequently have prerequisites. The 400-series courses represent the culmination of an undergraduate's study of history and consist of seminars with a maximum enrolment of 14.
There are courses at most levels in American, Asian, African, and Latin American, British, Canadian, East European, Russian, European, International Relations and Medieval history. The fifty-five full-time professional historians who constitute this Department offer a greater variety of courses in history than can be found at any other university in Canada, and to study with any of them is certain to be an enriching experience.
More detailed information concerning the department, history programs and particular courses can be found in the Undergraduate Handbook available each year in the spring. There is a History Students' Association in the Department and there is student participation in the Department meetings and major standing committees.
Undergraduate Secretaries: Ms. Kim Donaldson and Ms. Rae Billing, Room 2074, Sidney Smith Hall (978-3362)
Enquiries: Sidney Smith Hall, 100 St. George Street, Room 2074 (978-3363)
Students may also select NMC history courses (except NMC 278Y) to fulfill Department of History program requirements.
Students may enrol in the Specialist Program in History and Political Science after completing at least four courses and fulfilling the following requirements: two HIS courses with a mark of at least 70% in each; one POL course with a mark of at least 67%; a CGPA of at least 2.00.
Specialist program (Hon.B.A.): S06521 (10 full courses or their equivalent, and a language requirement)
I. Additional HIS courses to a total of ten*, meeting the following requirements:
I. Asia/Africa/Latin America/Middle East
3. One pre-modern course*
II. Two University-level courses or the equivalent, in a language other than English. For further information, see the Associate Chair.
* The History Handbook identifies pre-modern courses, non HIS substitutes, and indicates courses satisfying the divisional requirements. Specialists may substitute history courses taught elsewhere in the faculty for up to three of the HIS courses. These substitutes may also be used to fulfil I: 1 - 4 of the specialist program.
Major program Major program: M06521 (7 full courses or their equivalent)
Students may enrol in the Major Program in History after having completed four full courses or their equivalent; no minimum GPA required. Completion of a 100-series HIS course is recommended before enrolment.
I. Asia/Africa/Latin America/Middle East
4. One pre-modern course*.
* The History Handbook identifies pre-modern courses, non HIS substitutes, and indicates courses satisfying the divisional requirements. Majors may substitute history courses taught elsewhere in the faculty for up to two of the HIS courses. These substitutes may also be used to fulfil items 1 through 4 of the major program.
Minor program Minor program: R06521 (4 full courses or their equivalent)
Students may enrol in the Minor Program in History after having completed four full courses or their equivalent. Completion of a 100-series HIS course is recommended before enrolment.
NOTE: As many as two courses chosen from a list of history courses taught elsewhere in the faculty may be substituted for HIS courses. Substitutes may also be used to satisfy the 300/400-series course requirement. A list of non HIS substitutes is found in the History Handbook.
HISTORY and POLITICAL SCIENCE (Hon.B.A.)
Students may enrol in the Specialist Program in History after completing at least four courses including two HIS courses with a mark of at least 70% in each.
Students applying to enrol after Second Year must have completed at least eight courses and fulfill the following requirements: two HIS courses and two POL courses with a mark of at least 70% in each; and a GPA of at least 2.5 in the last four courses completed. Specialist program: S10451 (14 full courses or their equivalent)
HISTORY (7 courses):
Additional HIS courses* to a total of seven, meeting the following requirements:
I. Asia/Africa/Latin America/Middle East
2. One 300/400-series course, and one additional 400-series course
3. Two HIS courses must correspond in area and theme to two of the POL courses (list available in the History and Political Science Departments)
* The History Handbook identifies pre-modern courses, non HIS substitutes, and indicates courses satisfying the divisional requirements. Specialists may substitute history courses taught elsewhere in the faculty for up to three of the HIS courses.
POLITICAL SCIENCE (7 courses): (NOTE: The courses to include at least two 300+ series courses of which one must be a 400-series course.)
For Distribution Requirement purposes, all HIS courses are classified as HUMANITIES courses (except HIS 103Y, which has NO breadth requirement status).
Undergraduate seminar that focuses on specific ideas, questions, phenomena or controversies, taught by a regular Faculty member deeply engaged in the discipline. Open only to newly admitted first year students. It may serve as a breadth requirement course; see First Year Seminars: 199Y.
NOTE All 100-series HIS courses are mutually exclusive. First-Year students may take 200-series courses.
The transformation of underdeveloped regions of the world during the era of European domination; focuses on Asia, Africa and Latin America before, during and after European hegemony.
An historical survey of international relations since 1648, designed to introduce students to the importance and methods of historical thinking. Major international crises, such as the Great Power wars of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, are explored in order to assess the forces of continuity and change in the international system.
HIS 103Y does not count as a breadth requirement course in any category
North and South America and the Caribbean from Columbus to the American Revolution: aboriginal cultures, European exploration, conquest and settlement, the enslavement of Africans, the ecological impact of colonization.
The shape of traditional society; the forces at work on the social, political, economic, cultural and intellectual structures of Western Europe since the high Middle Ages: the structure of Traditional Society; the First Period of Challenges, 1350-1650; the Second Period of Challenges, 1650-1815; Confidence, Stability and Progress, 1815-1914; the Collapse of the Old Order and the Condition of Modern Europe, 1914-1945.
This course is intended to make students better acquainted with some key political ideas and to see how these ideas have been applied and misapplied in the real world of politics. Political arguments and techniques of political persuasion are assessed.
The history, social context, and political theory of revolutionary trends in China, from the mid-19th century to recent developments. (Co-taught by the Departments of History and Political Science)
The history of Ukraine from earliest times to the present. Economic, political, and cultural movements; Kievan Rus', Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Cossack state, national revival, twentieth century statehood, and unification.
Jewish history from the rise of Islam until the 17th century: demography, self-government, messianic movements, and economic activity. Introduction to modern historiography.
A survey of Jewish history in Europe and North America since 1648: the origins of Jewish modernity; emancipation; the Jewish Enlightenment; Reform Judaism; anti-semitism and Jewish responses; Zionism; the decline of East European Jewry and the rise of North American Jewry; the Holocaust.
Economic, political, religious, and educational ideas and institutions of the Middle Ages, from the late Roman period to the fifteenth century.
The nature of European imperialism; expansion and development of the British Empire; Imperial strategy; the impact of war and nationalism; thoughts on the Commonwealth.
An introduction to the history of early modern England with emphasis on the search for identity with reference to the nation, the crown, class, gender, age, political parties, race and ethnicity.
An introduction to the history of modern England with emphasis on the search for identity with reference to the nation, the crown, class, gender, age, political parties, race and ethnicity.
An introduction to modern European history from Napoleon to the outbreak of World War I. Important political, economic, social, and intellectual changes in France, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, and other countries are discussed: revolution of 1848, Italian and German unification, racism and imperialism, the evolution of science, art, and culture, labour protest, and the coming of war.
Recommended Preparation: HIS103Y/109Y
The evolution of European politics, culture, and society from 1914: the two world wars, Fascism and Nazism, the post-1945 reconstruction and the movement towards European integration.
The political, social, economic, and intellectual history of continental Europe. The Renaissance, the Reformation, Counter-reformation, growth of the territorial monarchies, the religious wars.
The political, social, economic, and intellectual history of continental Europe. Development of royal absolutism, social change and the crisis of the ancien regime, the Enlightenment, the French Revolution, the Napoleonic era.
An introductory survey tracing women's participation in the political, economic, intellectual, and social history of Europe from the High Middle Ages to the Twentieth Century.
Origins of Russian history, paganism and Christianity, Mongol influences, Muscovite autocracy, westernization to 1800. The imperial regime; the radical intelligentsia; the Revolution and the establishment of the Soviet regime; the Stalin revolution in agriculture, industry, and society; foreign relations.
The Polish, Czech, and Hungarian background; the Balkans in the late medieval and early modern periods. Renaissance, Reformation and Counter-reformation, decline and national awakening to the beginning of the 19th century. Partitioned Poland, nationalism in the 19th century; World War I, Peace Settlement, interwar years and the Communist period.
A survey of the political, social, and economic history of Canada, topically treated from the beginning to the present.
An introductory survey with extra focus on major themes and problems. Designed particularly for students who may wish to further work in history or Canadian Studies.
A survey of the economic, social, cultural, and political history of the United States from the colonial era to present times.
Chinese civilization from the Neolithic period to the late-imperial period. Within the framework of political history, topics covered include economy, society, culture, religion, and thought, up to about 1800. Major focus is on China, but also considers the impact of Sinic civilization on neighbouring countries such as Japan and Korea.
Political, military, social, economic, and intellectual history of Japan from beginning of Tokugawa period (1603) to the present. Emphasis on the long term modernization and democratization of Japan, and passage through imperialism and militarism to peace.
An introductory survey of Indian history from its sources in the archeological remains of Harappa and Mohenjo Daro to the present.
The evolution of Spanish and Portuguese America from pre-Columbian civilizations to the wars of independence.
A survey of Latin American history from the wars of independence to the present day.
An exploration of changes in the structure of Caribbean society beginning in 1492, including European contact, the conquest of native peoples, the emergence of large plantations, the impact of slavery, patterns of resistance and revolt and the changes brought about by emancipation.
Historical development of African peoples through the partition of Africa. Population movement, the development of trade and technology, the growth of kingdoms and empires, Islam, the slave trade, increasing impact of the industrial West.
Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. See Research Opportunity Program for details.
NOTE First-year students are not permitted to enrol in 300-series HIS courses.
How Americans have approached, experienced, and been affected by war. The development and sociology of the military establishment, beginning with the nature of early modern warfare and its application in Anglo-America through United States involvement in the Gulf War.
The crisis of the 17th century monarchy, 18th century enlightened reformism, the collapse of the old regime, the emergence of liberalism and regional separatism in the 19th century, and the disintegration of political and social stability in the 20th.
The Italian Renaissance, 1300-1600: interpretations of the Renaissance, humanism, education, merchants, courtly life, political and economic developments in the city states (especially Florence and Venice). Key figures whose works are read (in translation) include Petrarch, Vergerio, Bruni, Pico, Castiglione, Machiavelli, and Guicciardini.
Course emphasizes the interaction of Christians, Muslims, and Jews, and the cultural and political distinctiveness of Castile and Aragon in the development of state, society, and culture in medieval Spain. It also treats the conquest and colonization of Spanish America in light of medieval developments.
Race relations during the 19th Century, emphasizing the contribution of African Americans, Native Americans, and immigrant groups to the nation-building process. Includes: origins of racial stereotypes in America; psychology of slavery; slave culture; slave government; assimilation campaign; Emancipation and Reconstruction; immigration.
Some of the main themes in English political, social, religious and intellectual history in the 17th century: the origins, character, and consequences of the English Civil War, the nature and effects of social change, and the changing role of religious forces in society.
The political, intellectual, and social history of Italy from the French Revolution to the establishment of the Republic. Topics include the old regime, the revolution of 1848, unification, the role of the church, Fascism, and World War II.
Canadian international affairs in a broader context. Anglo-American as well as Canadian-American relations; the European background to questions such as the League of Nations, appeasement and rearmament, which directly affected Canada without this country being consulted.
Canadian labour history from political action to collective bargaining in the period from Confederation to the present.
A general survey tracing the political, social, and cultural development of a distinct society in Quebec and the rise of self-conscious French-speaking communities elsewhere in Canada.
The rise of advertising as an economic, moral, and cultural force in the 19th and 20th centuries. Attention to advertising as a form of communication, the role of the mass media, stereotyping and the culture of consumption. Majority of course material deals with the experiences of the United States and Canada, focusing on the period after 1945.
Political, social, and international developments in Germany from 1815 to unification in 1990. A number of films are featured. Topics include early German nationalism, the 1848 revolution, Bismarck's wars of unification, the path to war in 1914, hyper-inflation, Weimar culture, the Nazi seizure of power, the Final Solution, and the two Germanies in the post-war era.
A survey of major themes in the history of change in the Canadian environment from the 15th century to the present which include exploration, resource exploitation, settlement, industrialism, conservation and modern ecology.
The breakdown of the Roman Empire and reconstruction of society in the early Middle Ages, with emphasis on the Christian church, literate culture, and social institutions. The focus is Western Europe, but Islam and the Byzantine Empire are not disregarded.
An examination of the emergence of a mature industrial society in the United States from the end of reconstruction to the 1907 financial panic, focusing on the impact of the newly emergent industrial organization on labour, farmers, and consumers and the new political system.
A survey of the culture and institutions of medieval Europe from 1100 to 1350, including a consideration of the "renaissance" and the "scientific revolution" of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.
A survey of the impact of Britain on world affairs from the Napoleonic wars to the Suez crisis of 1956.
The changing nature of crime and criminal justice in early-modern England; the emergence of modern forms of policing, trial and punishment.
An examination of the impact of 20th-century Latin American revolutions on the lives of their participants.
The diplomatic, economic and military activities of Russia, Germany, Austria, France, Great Britain and the U.S. vis a vis Central Europe. Russian and German expansion, partitions of Poland, disintegration of the Ottoman Empire, the Napoleonic and World Wars, political systems created in Vienna, Versailles and Yalta, the Cold War and the disintegration of the Soviet outer empire.
An introduction to the cultural, social and intellectual history of Britain in the 18th century. Topics include the English "Urban Renaissance"; the impact of Scottish enlightenment upon contemporary perceptions of model societies and policies;, and the economic background to 18th century commercial growth, namely the rise of public credit, the early phases of the so-called industrial revolution and the birth of a consumer society.
Major aspects of English history from the end of the 18th century to the death of Queen Victoria: the Industrial Revolution, the rise of parliamentary democracy, the role of social class, the development of modern cities, the emergence of the modern state, Victorian religion, the Victorian family, the role of aristocracy in an industrialized society.
The major movements for religious reform (Erasmianism, Lutheranism, Zwinglianism, Anabaptism) in 16th-century Germany and Switzerland, examined in the context of the cultural, political, and social institutions and struggles of early modern Europe.
The great figures and movements in modern intellectual history viewed in their historical context: Condorcet, de Maistre, Comte, Durkheim, Kant, Hegel, Ranke, Weber, Nietzsche, Darwin, Freud, etc.
An introduction to the historical origins and role of modern intelligence services. The peace and war function of selected intelligence agencies are studied; covert operations and counter-espionage are also considered. Popular culture responses to espionage and discussion of the future of spying, are additional themes.
The course, configuration and crises of the organized international system in Europe from 1815 to 1945. The roles of individuals, institutions and ideas in the maintenance of, and breakdowns in, international peace and security.
European Fascism in countries such as France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Hungary, and Romania. The interrelationship among social forces, political movements, and nationalist ideologies.
Survey of ideas behind major problems of Japanese history since 1600. Confucianism and National Studies in the Tokugawa period, 19th century westernization, 20th century nationalistic reaction, democratic and secular thought since 1945.
Changing concepts of state authority, attitudes toward religion, emigration, the study of popular culture, regional differentiation and economies, social structure and politics, nationalism.
Political, social, economic, and cultural history of France. Stress is placed on modern historiographical trends.
How childrearing has altered across the ages, whether the couple is held together by "romance" or "property", and how the family is connected to the outside community. Changes in the size of families, in the composition of the household, and in the roles of women as mothers and wives. Material is included from both North America and Europe, and ranges from the 17th century to the present.
A survey of the history of Soviet Russia from the 1917 revolution to 1991. The social, economic, and political development of the Soviet Union with the emphasis on the revolutionary period, the 1920's, and the Stalin period.
Social and political history of Poland from the 10th to the 20th century. Analysis of the political history in a broader, central European context; consequences of Christianization of medieval Poland and the Polish-Lithuanian union; Sarmatian culture, Antemurale, Polish Messianism and Cordon sanitaire.
Crime and criminal justice in England in the industrial age; the relationship of crime, society, and economy.
Origins of Jewish nationalism in 19th-century Europe; creation of the Zionist political movement; varieties of Zionist ideology; Zionist diplomatic and state-building activity; conflict with the Palestinian Arabs; the establishment of the state and its development since 1948.
A cultural history of the 15th and 16th centuries set against the socio-economic background. The development of the Renaissance in Italy and its manifestations in Northern Europe.
Survey of the development of Rupert's Land and the Pacific Northwest to 1885. The focus is on aboriginal-white relations, the growth of fur trade society, the beginnings of settlement and the region's entry into Confederation.
An examination of cultural, political and economic themes in Canada's history since 1900.
Genesis and development of French societies in 17th- and 18th-century North America. Acadia, Ile Royale, Canada and the western interior. Relations with Indians, population growth, development of colonial administration, imperial rivalry and warfare, up to and including the British conquest.
A lecture course which deals thematically with gender issues in Canadian history (including familial roles, changing patterns of work and employment, and participation in the public sphere).
Selected topics in the history of modern India: the cultural, political and economic impact of the British Raj; nationalism, communalism, regional differentiation; social structure and change, cultural values and problems of identity; party structure and political change.
The making of the Ontario community from the time of the initial European contacts with the First Peoples to Confederation in 1867. Exploration of race relations; the Ontario origins of Canada's Conservative and Liberal parties; ethnic clashes and accommodations; imperial policies vs. colonial realities; women's role on the pioneer farm; and the growth of the education system.
The apparatus, the character, and the significance of an increasing volume of images, in particular of the body, since 1800 in Europe and North America. Introduction to concerns of cultural history: power and knowledge; self and identity; gender and sexuality; class, age, and race; and the pursuit of pleasure.
Algonkian and Iroquoian history from the eve of European contact to 1900 in the Great Lakes region of today's Canada and the United States. Algonkian and Iroquoian societies in the 16th century, change over time, material culture, and inter-cultural relations among natives and between natives and Euroamericans.
A survey of the economic, social, political, and cultural history of black America from Reconstruction until recent times. Among the central issues dealt with are: segregation and disfranchisement; the Great Migration; the rise of the ghetto; the Civil Rights Movement; emergence of an "underclass."
This course examines the evolution of 17th- and 18th-century American society as Europeans strove to conquer a new environment and establish communities. Topics include: establishment and growth of an American consumer society; material culture; fashion and adornment; and gender. All are placed within the historiography of the period.
A survey and analysis of the political, economic, and social institutions and foreign policy commitments of the United States from 1890-1992.
This course looks at the early origins of American consumerism. It begins with 17th-century England and the economic imperatives within the Atlantic World, then traces the changing attitudes of 18th-century Americans towards consumer goods, fashion and style that led to the mass consumption of the 19th century.
An examination of popular culture and its relationship to society during the first eighty years of the 20th century. By examining popular music, literature, radio, movies, sports, television, and other leisure activities, the course analyzes the manner by which groups such as blacks, ethnics, young people, and women used new means of communication to create a new popular culture in America.
The study of economic, political, cultural and diplomatic developments associated with the emergence of "modern America." Major topics include: the strengths and weaknesses of a consumer and corporate society; the transition from Republican to Democratic Party dominance; youth culture and protest culture; and the expansion of economic and political activity in the international arena.
A survey and analysis of the involvement of the United States in world affairs from the 1890's to the 1980's.
A survey of one of the most turbulent decades in American history. Examines the political, social, economic and cultural revolutions that transformed the face of America.
Examines the social, cultural, political and economic features of the American colonies and analyses the forces leading to Revolution and Independence. The impact of the Revolution on domestic and public life of both men and women, and on African-American and aboriginal peoples are explored.
The political, social, and economic history of China from the period of political and economic reorganization in the Song dynasty to the final glory of the imperial order down to the end of the 18th century and its decay in the 19th.
The genesis and growth of Indian classical civilization. Buddhist age, empire of the Mauryas, Gupta empire, the age of Harsha. Ancient Indian political, social, and economic ideas and institutions. Readings in English.
Hindu and Muslim historiography; military organization; the city; aristocracy and court life, religious syncretism, militant sects (Sikhism).
Major themes in the history of African women. Themes include: sources and methodologies of studying African women, cultural construction of gender, changing modes of production, women and state formation, ideology and social control, education, law, race, class and gender, female resistance to colonial rule and African womanisms versus Western feminisms.
The social, economic, and political history of the American South from the first settlement of Virginia to the 1970's: the role of the South in the formation of the new nation, the emergence of Southern sectionalism, secession, the origins of the New South, labour relations, race relations. The course is directed toward exploring the nature of Southern distinctiveness.
A study of political, economic, and social change in the British colony of Hong Kong from 1842 until the present day.
Recommended Preparation: HIS280Y/232Y/JMC201Y
Social and political history of Muslims of South Asia since A.D. 712. The growth of Muslim community, conversion, social stratification, and social structure; mediaeval Muslim legacy in administration, art, literature, and religion. Muslim identity, nationalism, and "Islamic modernism" as reflected in the writings of intellectuals such as Sayyid Ahmad Khan, Iqbal, Jinnah, Abul-Kalam Azad, Mawdudi, and Parwiz.
The economic, political and social history of Ontario from the creation of the province in 1867 to the demise of the Peterson government in 1990. Special attention is paid to federal/provincial relations; northern development; political leadership; and immigrant life.
Developments in French politics, culture and society from the Enlightenment to modern times.
An examination of the role of slavery in the development of the American South from the early colonial period through the Civil War. Topics include: the origins of slavery, the emergence of a plantation economy, the rise of a slaveholding elite, the structure of the slave community, and the origins of the war.
The history of South Asian migration with particular emphasis on 20th-century immigration to North America and the establishment of South Asian Diaspora Society in Canada: push and pull factors, transnationality, culture transfer, sojourning and settling, race, class gender issues, adaptation and defence of tradition.
The course examines the major economic and political transitions that have occured in Africa form the abolition of the trans-Atlantic slave trade to the era of structural development. The interaction between the internal dynamics of African history and external forces is examined and different regions of Africa compared.
German state policy towards the Jews in the context of racist ideology, bureaucratic structures, and varying conditions in German-occupied Europe. Second Term considers responses of Jews, European populations and governments, the Allies, churches, and political movements.
An investigation of how ideas of masculinity and gender roles shaped the exercise of private and public power in early modern Europe.
For details, consult the Department of History.
This course covers international relations from World War II to the collapse of the Soviet Union. Topics include the breakdown of the wartime alliance, Soviet predominance in eastern Europe, the Western response, NATO, atomic weaponry.
The place of the Church within a changing society: ecclesiastical demography and wealth, the social recruitment of the clergy, the religious orders, the incidence of religious practice. A reading knowledge of Spanish is desirable. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
The main themes of Spanish history from the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella through the Enlightenment of the 18th century are examined. Emphasis on the social history of Spain during that period. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
A course on Canadian external relations since 1945. Topics include Canada and the Cold War, Canadian trade policy, membership in international organizations, and bilateral relations with other countries. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
An examination of the inter-relationship of whites, Native Americans, African Americans, and various immigrant groups and their impact in shaping the development of the United States in the 19th century. Topics include: slavery, Indian removal, Manifest Destiny, emancipation and reconstruction, reservation policy, segregation and disfranchisement.
Historiographical controversies and the latest empirical findings concerning social conflict and political mobilization under Bismarck and Wilhelm II. Problems raised by competing schools of interpretation include definitions of the authoritarian state, bourgeois hegemony, localism and regionalism, radical nationalism, workers' culture, and gender relations. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
Relations between blacks and whites in the United States from the colonial period to recent times with emphasis on slavery.
Problems raised by the coexistence of different national, linguistic and cultural groups: bilingualism; cultural diversity vs "national unity"; relations between nationality and "identity," religion and the state, etc. Differences between French and English-Canadian views and their impact on French-English relations and those with cultural/ethnic minorities. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
A study of the evolution of warfare in the first half of the 20th century. The changing nature of the military requirements for war, the strains that war placed on international relations, the imagery of war, and the domestic impact are studied.
A study of critical moments and problems in the French-English relationship with emphasis on the period since Confederation.
An integration of current historiographical approaches to the Third Reich with a close reading of primary documents in English. The focus is on the Nazi regime as something less than a totalitarian state. Attention is given to non-conformity and other features of "everyday life" under the Nazis.
Cultural and intellectual history of the High Middle Ages, this course acquaints the student with some classic expressions of medieval culture. Readings include Ovid's "Metamorphoses", Boethius's "Consolation of Philosophy", several medieval histories and romances, and selections from Thomas Aquinas, Dante, and Chaucer. Acquaints students with modes of thought and feeling characterizing the period.
The relationship between tribes and the government and society of the United States. Pre-contact society and culture; the origins of race consciousness; Indian Removal; movements for cultural renewal; the concentration, reservation, and allotment policies; the Indian New Deal, and the Red Power Movement.
Borderlands and frontiers; political leadership and reform; demography; market forces; serfdom; militarism; Orthodoxy and sectarianism; nobility and bureaucracy; urbanism and city planning; cultural secularization. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
The evolution of the tastes, patterns of consumption, and leisure products which together defined the affluent lifestyle that matured in the postwar era. Attention to the effects of technology; gender stereotypes; how people used the mass media; the genres of advertising, mass entertainment, and sports; fads, fashions, and heroes. Focus on the period after 1945. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
Economics, history, and political science applied to relations with the communist world, Europe, francophonie; food, resources, energy; trade, monetary policy, immigration, the new international economic order; human rights, law of the sea, nuclear proliferation, United Nations participation. (Given by the Departments of Economics, History, and Political Science)
Topics in the history of the Western Church from the 4th to the 15th centuries, with emphasis upon the development of papal influence over religious and secular aspects of Western European life.
Evaluation of the nature of foreign policy negotiation and decision-making from the perspective of the practitioner. Case studies selected from major episodes in the practice of diplomacy after 1945. Particular attention paid to the evolution and impact of Canadian institutions and the role of personalities. (Given by the Departments of History and Political Science)
A seminar on the history of Soviet Russia in its formative years, 1917 to 1939. The revolutions of 1917, the civil war and war communism, NEP Russia, the Stalin revolution, the purges, and the "great retreat" are explored. Emphasis is on issues, interpretations and historiography, problems of study, and periodization. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
Introduces students to some of the main issues in the new field of the social history of medicine. Readings from the secondary historical literature are distributed and discussed in class, covering such topics as the history of the doctor-patient relationship, changes in physicians' social status, changing attitudes towards the body, and the history of obstetrics and gynaecology. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
This seminar explores the social function and meaning of violence in medieval society, and the development of rituals and institutions to control violence. Among the topics treated: Germanic blood feud, aristocratic violence and chivalry, criminal justice systems, violence against minorities, and violence and gender. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
A look at some basic problems of historical study, approached by means of an analysis of the work of a number of historians and philosophers of history, representing different schools of thought and time periods from ancient times to the present.
An analysis of the writings of historians in order to understand their treatment of subject matter, methods, modes of thought, discourse, and explanatory styles. The historians we examine come mostly from 20th-century North America and Europe, along with a few from other cultures and earlier times.
The "Golden Legend" or Readings on the Saints, compiled by Jacobus de Voragine C. 1260, serves as the basis for a seminar on the relation of history and legend as understood in the High Middle Ages.
An examination of the daily life, ideals, internal structures and relationships with the outside world of the most significant monastic communities of the Middle Ages. Sources studies are primarily hagiographical (lives of saints and collections of miracles) and normative (rules and customaries).
Readings and discussions in social and cultural historians dealing with dissident sexualities in the Christian West from the 16th century to the present.
The course looks at the issues of "first-wave" feminism by comparing experiences of women in Canada, the United States and Britain.
To explore the history of Polish Jews from the Partitions of Poland to the present time, concentrating on the 19th and the first half of the 20th centuries: situation of Polish Jews in Galicia; Congress Kingdom of Poland; Prussian-occupied Poland before 1914; during World War II; and post-war Poland. Focus on an analysis of primary sources. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
The origin of Rus', international trade, the impact of nomadic peoples, the introduction of Christianity, the economic system an the problem of feudalism, the political structure and the dilemma of princely succession; literature and architecture; the displacement of political power centres and depopulation, the preservation of the Kievan heritage. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
The alien influx accompanying the fall of the Roman Empire is classed as epoch-making. The period bristles with disputed questions. What does "barbarian" mean, anyway? On the basis of evidence about the invasion period, the seminar explores the methods of historical investigation and verification. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
Political, religious, social and cultural change, and their interrelation, in Britain, 1603-1714; the causes, impact and consequences of the English Revolution (1640-60). (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
A seminar on the history of women in Russia and the Soviet Union from the reform era to the present. The purpose is to assess the impact of socio-economic structures, ideology, and political developments on the changing lives of women in Russia/USSR. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
State policies and popular attitudes towards Jews in Germany from the Enlightenment to the rise of Nazism; German-Jewish responses to cultural and political modernization. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
What is a nation? Are nations ancient or modern, unchanging or malleable? Do nations create states, or does the state create the nation? This course seeks to answer these questions through an examination of nationalism, primarily in Europe, from the 1700's through the present. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
This course focuses on selected issues and topics in American social and cultural history during the past 100 years. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
Studies in the culture and controls of rural and urban societies during the Enlightenment with special emphasis on southern Europe.
The role of the intelligentsia in East European national revivals; the ethnographic and literary revival; the language question; the press and cultural organizations; education; religion; and political movements. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
How the peoples of Eastern Europe tried to organize their domestic affairs, and in what international context they sought to operate, in order to survive as national entities and later to preserve their newly-won independence and territorial integrity. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
World War I and the Russian Revolution: the Ukrainian independence movement; the Soviet Ukraine and west Ukrainian lands during the interwar period; World War II and the German occupation; the Soviet Ukraine before and after the death of Stalin. Socio-economic, cultural, and political developments. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
From the Great Reforms to the Stalinist purges. Traditions and the dynamics of peasant (and landlord) society; pressures of industrialization and urbanization; revolutionary intelligentsia and its relation to the worker and peasant masses; the state bureaucracy's efforts to induce and regulate social development. Concentration on the experiences of workers and peasants. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
An examination of black slavery in Latin America, with emphasis on the lives of the slaves, from the conquest of America to abolition in the 19th century.
An examination of how the history of 19th and 20th century Sub-Saharan Africa has often been pathologized between the normative extremes of tradition and modernity. The primary aim is to understand the subtle stratagems people in different parts of Africa adopted to negotiate their positions within the wider world. Cultural and social themes are stressed, but not to the exclusion of economic and political considerations.
Tsarist and Soviet foreign relations from the Crimean War to the present with emphasis on continuity and change. The seminar examines major themes in Russian and Soviet foreign policy behaviour on the basis of assigned readings.
Challenges to the hegemony of biomedical science constantly arise and include social and reform movements such as alternative medicine (e.g. homeopathy, Thomsonianism, chiropractic); animal rights (anti-vivisectionism); and feminism. This course explores these and other challenges to identify their origins, similarities, and differences in 19th- and 20th-century North America and Britain. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
Primary research on selected topics in the development of health care in Canada.
The 20th century has been an age of experiments for Poland. Universal, general problems of democracy, authoritarianism, totalitarianism, communism, socialism, free market and centrally planned economies, are examined, as are the ongoing adjustments made by the Polish people. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
A seminar exploring the evolution of Canadian political culture, with emphasis on the political ideas and leadership of the Prime Ministers. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
An introduction to the principal topics in the development of health care in Canada, including therapies, medical research, the organization of the medical profession, hospitals and paramedical treatment, and the role of the state. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
The prairie West since the mid-19th century. The emergence of a distinctive region and its place in Canadian development.
Ideas behind the transformation from traditional institutions to constitutional democracy; the rise and fall of imperialism and militarism; Japanese identity and Japan's place in the world. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
Selected topics in a specific period of Canadian history. Content in any given year depends on instructor. Please see Departmental Handbook for complete description.
An examination of the peopling of Canada by waves of immigrant groups from the 1660s to the 1960s.
The emphasis in this course is on Native peoples, settlement issues and settler society; economic development; women; reform movements; other distinctive aspects of the history of the Maritime region and Newfoundland.
This course examines the interaction between religion and culture in Canada from colonial times to the present with emphasis on primary documents.
Major themes in the history of Aboriginal-White relations in Canada. Topics included are: role of native people in the creation of British North America and in the Western fur trade; the emergence of the Métis; analysis of colonial Indian policy; the Red River Resistance; the making of treaties; the North West Rebellion; the struggle for survival in post-treaty Canada; the emergence of "red power"; contemporary and feminist issues. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
The course examines United States foreign policy as it relates to a number of major episodes in the international politics of East and South East Asia during the Cold War. Attention is paid to the role of other international actors. Topics include the Korean War and the Vietnam War
Concentration on the experience of African-Americans in the city from the late 19th century to the present. Topics include the great migration north, creation of black urban communities, role of institutions such as family, church, black businesses; analysis of the problems of white racism, discrimination, poverty, crime, violence, health, housing.
Examination of the impact of industrialism on Victorian society and values. Concentration on Victorian social critics including Engels, Owen, Dickens and Morris and Victorian material culture especially the country house, the paraphenalia of gentility, the urban slum. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
The extent to which the United States has been a "melting pot", including migrations to and settlement patterns in America, concepts of nationality and race, and the processes of assimilation and acculturation. Blacks and Native Americans are also discussed, especially their nationalism and sense of common origin.
An analysis of the political, social, and economic institutions and foreign policy commitments of the United States from 1941 to 1992.
Indian law, political ideas and institutions, and Indian social organization. The inter-relationships between law, politics, and social order. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
The course deals with the historiographical presuppositions and the historical writings of Buddhists, Jains, Hindus and Muslims. The course examines original chronicles and historical biographies (in English translations) belonging to these four great religious traditions of India.
A study of international relations in the crisis years between the two world wars. The course focuses on the varieties of history employed to understand the "twenty years crisis." The nature of historical memory and historical sources are explored. Students will work with diplomatic documents from the period.
This course treats various aspects of the social, economic, legal and political history of women. A specific topic and period are selected for intensive study each year. The primary focus is on western Europe, but with substantial reference to the comparative experience of women in North America and eastern Europe.
Study of changes in social structure in Ming-Qing China, with emphasis on social relations, the role of the state, and the relationship between a peasant economy and the market. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
The development of intelligence techniques and operations in wartime conditions; the role of espionage, cryptanalysis and deception in deciding the battles and campaigns of the Second World War.
Introduces students to some of the main issues in the history of psychiatry. Readings from the secondary historical literature are distributed and discussed in class, covering such topics as changes in the nature of psychotic illness, the psychoneuroses, disorders of the mind/body relationship, and the psychiatric diagnosis and the "presentation" of illness. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
Topics include caudillo politics in the 19th century, the spread of commercial agriculture, peasant and/or Indian revolts, the formation of the early labour movement and banditry (social and anti-social). Focus on Mexico, Peru, Cuba, and Brazil. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
The history of nationalism in India as it has developed out of the competing images and realities of national identity in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
Britain's response to the French Revolution and revolutionary wars through the study of selected topics in political theory, the history of popular movements, social and economic history, foreign policy, and political history. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
Issues of identity and difference in the meeting of Natives and Europeans during colonization of Canada. Eastern, Western and Arctic Canada, 16th- to early 19th-centuries. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
Slavery has often been used to define both kinship and citizenship in African history, just as slavery and citizenship have been seen as threats to kinship, and kinship and slavery have been seen as obstacles to citizenship. This course examines the relationship between these three topics in West African history.
A seminar on processes of social and economic change in modern African history. The first term is a colloquium in which we look at select problems, for example, the decline of slavery, colonial legal systems, peasants, workers, gender and famine. During the second term, students present research papers. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
HIS497Y/498H/499H Independent Studies
These courses assume the form of an undergraduate thesis. Students must find an appropriate supervisor from the Department, receive approval for the project, and submit an Independent Studies ballot. Students must be enroled in either a History Specialist or Major program, with a B+ average in no less than 4 courses, or with special permission of the instructor. Applications must be received in September for HIS497Y/498H; in December for HIS499H.
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