Arts & Science Calendar 1998-99: Table of Contents: Programs and Courses
[Calendar: Contents | Calendar: Search | Programs & Courses |  Queries & Comments]

ENV Division of the Environment


On this page: Introduction | Programs | Courses
See also: Course Summer Timetable | Course Winter Timetable | Secondary School Information | More on Department

Introduction

The Faculty of Arts and Science established the Division of the Environment to help students focus the diverse strengths of the Faculty's environmental scientists and scholars into an academic program. In addition the Division's programs offer students access to environmental scientists and scholars in other units of the University. The Division offers BA and BSc minor, major and specialist programs: Science and the Environment (BSc) and Environment and Society (BA) which are normally taken in conjunction with another program(s) in a traditional academic field (e.g. Physics or Sociology). We consider this an ideal combination of disciplinary depth and interdisciplinary breadth. Qualified students have the option to change a major program to a BA or BSc specialist in the Division after second year.

In addition, the Division offers five direct enrolment BSc specialist programs: Environment & Health; Environmental Chemistry; Earth Systems: Physics and Environment; Past Environments; and Toxicology & Environment. These programs combine the Division's interdisciplinary core with a deliberately focused set of discipline specific courses. These programs differ from the double major outlined above in providing more disciplinary content. Students interested in Division of the Environment programs should refer to the program listings on the following pages.

All BSc programs in the Division include a very strong first-year science component with core interdisciplinary science courses in subsequent years. Students intending to pursue Science and the Environment or any of the BSc specialist programs are advised to choose first year courses from BIO150Y, CHM137Y/151Y, MAT135Y/137Y/157Y/JMB170Y, PHY138Y/140Y or JGF150Y. Students should compare specific program requirements and the prerequisites of ENV235Y and 236Y when selecting specific courses.

BA programs in the Division build on a base of social science and humanities courses. Environment and Society does not require specific First Year courses. Students intending to follow BA programs in the environment might find it helpful to include some First Year course choices from the 100-level offerings in Anthropology, Biology, Economics, Geography, History, Philosophy, Political Science or Sociology.

For further information, see http://www.utoronto.ca/divenv/ or contact Professor Ann Zimmerman, Director, Division of the Environment at 33 Willcocks St., 978-3475 or division.environment@utoronto.ca

THE ENVIRONMENTAL MINOR PROGRAMS: Environmental minor programs are offered by a number of departments. Five are BSc and three are BA minors. These programs are intended for students interested in acquiring a hierarchical body of environmental knowledge in a specific discipline.

These minors are open to any student irrespective of program. As in any minor, these programs can be combined with other programs of study (i.e., minors and majors) to meet the requirements for a degree. (See Page 35 of the Calendar for program requirement details).

In addition to the programs in the Division of the Environment, the Faculty offers four other environmental programs noted below. Contact the program sponsors or the Division for further information.

ENVIRONMENT & RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (BA): These Specialist and Major programs can be linked with the Division's BA program for an Honours Degree. Topics include environmental management and assessment, environment and resource planning, urban waste management, recreational and medical geography. See program details under Geography (GGR).

ENVIRONMENTAL GEOSCIENCES (BSc): These Specialist and Major programs can be linked with the Division's BSc or BA programs for an Honours Degree. Topics include earth materials, sedimentary geology, aqueos geochemistry, hydrogeology and biogeochemisry. See program details under Geology (GLG).

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES (BA): These Specialist, Major and Minor programs cannot be linked with Division programs. The emphasis is on analytical coordination and management skills, practical research, development and implementation of environmental policy and practice. See program details under Innis College (INI) or at http://www.utoronto.ca/envstudy/

PHYSICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOGRAPHY (BSc): These Specialist and Major programs can be linked with the Division's BSc program for an Honours Degree. Core subjects include geomorphology, climatology, soil science and hydrology. Other topics include biogeography, climate assessment, biogeochemistry and environmental contaminants modeling. These programs can be linked with the Division's BA and BSc programs. See program details under Geography (GGR).

Students should be aware that numerous programs not explicitly labeled as environmental have relevance for the study of the environment. For suggestions and advice consult the Division of the Environment's Handbook available in Room 2097, Earth Sciences or at http://www.utoronto.ca/divenv/

DIVISION OF THE ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMS

SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENT (B.Sc.)

Consult Professor A.P. Zimmerman, Director, Division of the Environment, Room 2097, Earth Sciences Centre, 978-3475

Specialist program (Hon.B.Sc.): S15551 (13 full courses or their equivalent which includes fulfillment of the Faculty's Distribution requirement)

Enrolment in this program is limited to students already in a two major program, one major of which is Science and Environment (see Major program note below). Students must also have completed 8 credits including ENV221Y, one of ENV234Y, 235Y or 236Y and have a minimum GPA of 2.3. Not all qualified applicants may be admitted. Apply through the Division of the Environment by 9 May, Room 2097, Earth Sciences Centre or at http://www.utoronto.ca/divenv/ballot/

First Year:
Successful enrolment in the Science and Environment Specialist program requires prior enrolment in the Science and Environment Major. Consequently, students must complete the first year requirements as listed in the Major program below. These courses are part of the 13 required courses for the Specialist.
Higher Years:
1. ENV 221Y, 234Y, 235Y/236Y, 321Y, 490Y, JIE 410H/an alternative approved research course
2. A minimum 0.5 FCE from ENV 421H or any approved departmental or college independent research project
3. ECO 220Y/GGR 270Y/PSY 201H, 202H/SOC 300Y/(STA 220H, JBS 229H)/(STA 250H and 255H/257H) or an approved alternative
4. A three course transdisciplinary theme to be developed by the student in consultation with the Division

Major program (B.A.): M15551 (6 full courses or their equivalent which includes fulfillment of the Faculty's Distribution requirement)

NOTE: this program must be taken in conjunction with another major towards fulfillment of an Honours B.Sc. degree. The student must complete at least 3 courses from the first- year list before enroling in the Science and Environment Major. The six full course equivalents that constitute the Major Program are those listed below under "Higher Years." Enrolment is limited and requires a minimum GPA of 2.0. Apply through the Division of the Environment by 9 May, Room 2097, Earth Science Centre or at http://www.utoronto.ca/divenv/ballot/

First Year:
Students must complete at least three of BIO 150Y, CHM 135Y/151Y, JGF 150Y, MAT 135Y/137Y/157Y/JMB 170Y, PHY 110Y/138Y/140Y (PHY 138Y recommended) before applying to enrol in the Major program.
Higher Years:
1. ENV 221Y, 234Y, 235Y/236Y, 321Y, JIE 410H/an alternative approved research course
2. A minimum 0.5 FCE from ENV 421H or any approved departmental or college independent research project
3. ECO 220Y/GGR 270Y/PSY 201H, 202H/SOC 300Y/(STA 220H, JBS 229H)/(STA 250H and 255H/257H) or an approved alternative

Minor program (B.A.): R15551 (4 full courses or their equivalent which includes fulfillment of the Faculty's Distribution requirement)

This program must be taken in conjunction with other B.Sc. major or minors towards fulfillment of an Honours B.Sc. degree. Students must complete at least 3 of the first-year courses before applying to enrol in the Science and Environment Minor. The four courses that constitute the Minor Program are those listed below under "Higher Years." Enrolment is limited and requires a minimum GPA of 2.0. Apply through the Division of the Environment by 9 May, Room 2097, Earth Science Centre or at http://www.utoronto.ca/divenv/ballot/
First Year:

Students must complete at least three of BIO 150Y, CHM 135Y/151Y, JGF 150Y, MAT 135Y/137Y/157Y/JMB 170Y, PHY 138Y/140Y before applying to enrol in the Minor program
Higher Years: ENV 221Y, 234Y, 235Y/236Y, 321Y

ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIETY (B.A.)

Consult Professor A.P. Zimmerman, Director, Division of the Environment

Specialist program (Hon.B.A.): S17601 (10 full courses or their equivalent which includes fulfillment of the Faculty's Distribution requirement)

Enrolment in this program is limited to students already in a two major program of which one major is Environment and Society (see Major program note below). Students must also have completed 8 credits including ENV 221Y, their science literacy requirement (see 3. below) and have a minimum GPA of 2.3. Not all qualified applicants may be admitted. Apply through the Division of the Environment by 9 May, Room 2097, Earth Science Centre or at http://www.utoronto.ca/divenv/ballot/
First Year:

Successful enrolment in the Science and Environment Specialist program requires prior enrolment in the Environment and Society Major. Consequently, students must complete the first year requirements as listed in the Major program below.
Higher Years:
1. ENV 221Y, 321Y, 490Y, JIE 410H/or an approved alternative research skills course
2. A minimum 0.5 FCE from ENV 421H or any approved departmental or college independent research project
3. ENV 200Y or one full course equivalent in science literacy from Group A or any course that satisfies a Life Science distribution requirement or an alternative approved by the Division
4. Two full course equivalents from Group B or alternatives approved by the Division
5. A three course transdisciplinary theme to be developed by the student in consultation with the Division

Major program (B.A.): M17601 (6 full courses or their equivalent; which includes fulfillment of the Faculty's Distribution requirement)

This program must be taken in conjunction with another major towards fulfillment of an Honours degree program. Enrolment is limited and requires prior completion of 4 full courses with a minimum GPA of 2.0. Apply through the Division of the Environment by 9 May, Room 2097, Earth Science Centre or at http://www.utoronto.ca/divenv/ballot/
First Year:

Students must complete at least four full courses or their equivalent before applying to enrol in the Major program
Higher Years:
1. ENV 221Y, 321Y, JIE 410H/or an approved alternative research skills course
2. A minimum 0.5 FCE from ENV 421H or any approved departmental or college independent research project
3. ENV 200Y or one full course equivalent in science literacy from Group A or any course that satisfies a Life Science distribution requirement or an alternative approved by the Division
4. Two full course equivalents from Group B or alternatives approved by the Division

Minor program (B.A.): R17601 (4 full courses or their equivalent which includes fulfillment of the Faculty's Distribution requirement)

This program must be taken in conjunction with another major or minors towards fulfillment of an Honours degree. Enrolment in the Minor is limited and requires prior completion of 4 courses with a minimum GPA of 2.0. Apply through the Division of the Environment by 9 May, Room 2097, Earth Science Centre or at http://www.utoronto.ca/divenv/ballot/
First Year:

Students must complete at least four full courses before applying to enrol in the Minor program
Higher Years:
1. ENV 221Y, 321Y
2. ENV 200Y or one full course equivalent in science literacy from Group A or any course that satisfies a Life Science breadth requirement or an alternative approved by the Division
3. One full course equivalent from Group B or an alternative approved by the Division

Group A: AST 101H, 201H, 210H; BOT 202Y; ENV 200Y; GLG 105H, 205H; JPU 200Y; PHY 100H; PSY 200H; ZOO 200Y, 214Y

Group B: ANT 204Y, 449H, 450Y; APS 302H (App. Sci. & Eng.); ECO 313H, 314H, 324Y, 333Y; ENG 259Y; ENV 234Y/235Y/236Y; GGR 233Y, 331H, 339H, 393H, 464H; HIS 318Y; HPS 202H, 250H; GGR 409H; INI 494H, 495H; PHL 273H,373H; POL 208Y, 408Y; RLG 228H; SOC 205Y, 385Y, 386Y

EARTH SYSTEMS: PHYSICS AND ENVIRONMENT (Hon.B.Sc.)

Jointly sponsored by the Department of Physics, this program focuses on the solid earth, the oceans and the atmosphere at planetary scales emphasizing the Earth as a unified, dynamic system. Consult Professor A.P. Zimmerman, Director, Division of the Environment, Room 2097, Earth Sciences Centre, 978-3475 or Professor H.M. van Driel, Associate Chair, Department of Physics, Room 324, McLellan Physical Labs, 978-6674.

Specialist program: S10221 (16 full courses or their equivalent which includes fulfillment of the Faculty's Distribution requirements)

Enrolment in this program is limited. The student must complete four courses from the First Year list before enroling in the program. Apply through the Division of the Environment by 9 May, Room 2097, Earth Science Centre or at http://www.utoronto.ca/divenv/ballot
First Year: CHM 137Y/151Y; BIO 150Y; MAT 137Y; PHY 140Y
Second Year: ENV 221Y; MAT 239Y, 244H; PHY 251H, 255H
Third Year: APM 346H; ENV 234Y, 235Y, 321Y; PHY 351H, 352H
Third and Fourth Years:
1. ENV 421H; JIE 410H
2. One FCE from: PHY 305H/307H/308H/405H/406H/478H/479Y
3. Two additional FCEs from the fourth year Physics options

ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY (B.Sc)

Jointly sponsored by the Division of the Environment and the Department of Chemistry, this program focuses on analytical theory, instrumentation and methodological aspects of organic and inorganic contaminants in soil, water, air and biological tissues. See under CHEMISTRY.

ENVIRONMENT AND HEALTH (Hon.B.Sc.)

Jointly sponsored by the New College Human Biology Program and Basic Medical Science Departments of the Faculty of Medicine. Provides a basic understanding of the behaviour of Planet Earth, the workings of the human body and the complex relationships between the two. Consult Professor A.P. Zimmerman, Director, Division of the Environment, Room 2097, Earth Sciences Centre, 978-3475 or Office of the Registrar, New College, 300 Huron Street, 978-2460.

Specialist program: S14031 (16 full courses or their equivalent which includes fulfillment of the Faculty's Distribution requirement)

Enrolment in this program is limited. It requires prior completion of 4 full courses with a minimum GPA of 2.3. Three courses must be from the First Year list. Apply through the Division of the Environment by 9 May, Room 2097, Earth Sciences Centre or at http://www.utoronto.ca/divenv/ballot/
First Year: Students must complete at least three of BIO 150Y, CHM 137Y/151Y, JGF 150Y, MAT135Y/137Y/157Y/JMB 170Y, PHY 110Y/138Y/140Y (PHY 138Y recommended)*
Second Year: BIO 250Y; CHM 240Y; ENV 221Y; one of ENV 234Y/(235Y/236Y); CHM (222Y/223Y)/(STA 220H, JBS 229H/BIO 260H)
Third Year: (BCH 310H, JLM 349H)/BCH 321Y; ENV 321Y; the other of ENV 234Y/(235Y/236Y); (BIO 351Y/IMM 334Y/MPL 375Y); (ZOO252Y/PSL 302Y)
Forth Year:
1. JIE 410H
2. ENV 421H or a minimum of 0.5 FCE from any approved departmental or college independent research project
3. Two FCE from ANT 337Y/(204Y, 348Y)/LMP 301H/404Y/NEW 367H/NFS 384H/486H/(ECO369Y/HIS 460H/463H) or any other approved course for which the student has appropriate prerequisites

NOTES:
1.* Some second and third year courses in this program have specific prerequisites. Students should check prerequisites for the higher level courses they are interested in prior to making first year course selections
2. In choosing between ENV 235Y and ENV 236Y, students should pay particular attention to their respective prerequisites
3. BCH 321Y requires CHM 222Y/223Y

PAST ENVIRONMENTS (Hon.B.Sc.)

A multi-disciplinary program focused on the changing nature of the relationship between the environment and humans over the past 2 million years. Co-sponsored by the Division, the Department of Anthropology and the Program in Archaeology. Consult Professor A.P. Zimmerman, Director, Division of the Environment, Room 2097, Earth Sciences Centre, 978-3475 or Professor E.Banning, Co-ordinator of Undergraduate Studies, Department of Anthropology, Room 1030, Sidney Smith Hall, 978-2315. Specialist program: S10051 (15.5 full courses or their equivalent which includes fulfillment of the Faculty's Distribution requirements)

Enrolment in this program is limited. The student must complete four courses from the First Year list with a minimum GPA of 2.3. Apply through the Division of the Environment by 9 May, Room 2097, Earth Science Centre or at http://www.utoronto.ca/divenv/ballot/
First Year: ANT 100Y; BIO 150Y; MAT 135Y/137Y/157Y/JMB 170Y; JGF 150Y/GGR 100Y
Second Year:
1. ANT 200Y; ENV 221Y
2. One of ENV 234Y/236Y, GGR 203H, GLG 229H
Third and Fourth Years:
1. ANT 203Y, 311Y/330Y; ARH 305H
2. The other of ENV 234Y/236Y; GGR 302H/GLG 4**H (consult the Division for approved GLG courses)
3. One FCE from ANT (337Y/(428H/429H/435H/405H); (JIE 410H, ENV 421H/ANT 409H/498H/499H)/ENV 490Y

TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT (HON.B.Sc.)

Consult Professor A.P. Zimmerman, Director, Division of the Environment (c/o Department of Zoology) or Professor D. Kadar, Department of Pharmacology Specialist program: S06051 (16 full courses or their equivalent which includes fulfillment of the Faculty's breadth requirements)

Enrolment in this program is limited and based on the GPA in First Year courses. The student must complete at least four courses from the First Year list before enrolling in the program. Apply through the Division of the Environment by 9 May, Room 2097, Earth Science Centre or at http://www.utoronto.ca/divenv/ballot/
First Year:

Students must complete at least four of BIO 150Y; CHM 137Y/151Y; JGF 150Y; MAT 135Y/137Y/157Y/JMB 170Y; PHY 138Y/140Y (PHY 138Y recommended). In selecting 100-series courses, students should consider prerequisites for courses they intend to take later, i.e., ENV 235Y/236Y.
Second Year:
1. BIO 250Y; CHM 240Y; ENV 221Y; ZOO 252Y
2. CHM (222Y/223Y)/(STA 220H, JBS 229H/ STA 221H)
Third Year:
1. (BCH 310H, JLM 349H)/BCH 321Y; ENV 321Y
2. One of ENV 234Y/(235Y/236Y), PCL 360Y, 362H
3. One of CHM 310H/GGR 409H/PCL 363H/364H/481H
Forth Year: The other of ENV 234Y/(235Y/236Y), 421H/(PCL 474Y/PAT 410Y*), JIE 410H

NOTES:
1. BCH 321Y requires CHM 222Y/223Y as a prerequisite
2.* Students intending to take PCL 474Y or PAT 410Y rather than ENV 421H must obtain prior permission from both the Division of the Environment and the sponsoring Department. Failure to do so may compromise fulfillment of the Faculty breadth requirement.

ENVIRONMENTAL MINORS

ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY (B.A.)

Consult Mrs. C. Farquhar, Undergraduate Office, Department of Anthropology (978-6414), Sidney Smith Hall, Rm. 1030

Minor program: R12911 (4 full courses or their equivalent)
1. ANT 100Y
2. ANT 200Y/203Y/204Y
3. Two FCEs from: ANT 309H/315H/333H/365Y/420H/428H/429H/447H/450H/453H

ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY (B.Sc.)

For details, contact Botany Undergraduate Office, ES3055A (9787172) or Zoology Undergraduate Office, RW019 (978-2084)

Enrolment in the Environmental Chemistry Minor program is limited to students already enroled in another Environmental program.

Minor program: R13901 (4 full courses or their equivalent)

BIO 150Y, 320Y; ENV 234Y ZOO 324Y

ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY (B.Sc.)

Contact Professor S. Mabury, Department of Chemistry (978-1780)

Minor program: R25431 (4 full courses or their equivalent)

CHM 137Y/(132H, 133H)/151Y, 240Y/248Y, (310H, 410H); ENV 235Y

ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS (B.A.)

Consult Ms. R. Innes, Undergraduate Administrator, Department of Economics (978-8616)

Enrolment in the Environmental Economics Minor program is limited to students with 63% in ECO 100Y or 80% in ECO 105Y or who have passed ECO 100Y and have a CGPA of 2.50.

Minor program: R14381 (4 full courses or their equivalent)
1. ECO 100Y/105Y
2. ECO 200Y/206Y
3. ECO 220Y/227Y/(STA 250H, 255H/257H)
4. ECO 313H and another ECO half-course at the 300+level

ENVIRONMENTAL GEOSCIENCES (B.Sc.)

Consult Professor F.G. Ferris, Department of Geology (978-0526)

Minor program: R12531 (4 full courses or their equivalent)
1. CHM 137Y/(132H, 133H)/151Y
2. GLG 206H, 207H, 216H, 217H, 351H; ENV 315H

GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (B.A.)

Consult Professor A. Davis, Department of Geography (978-5992)

Minor program: R03051 (4 full courses or their equivalent)
1. GGR 100Y/107Y/110Y/124Y/JGF 150Y
2. GGR 270Y, 272H, 273H, 373H, (462H, 473H)

LIFE AND ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICS (B.Sc.)

Consult Physics Undergraduate Office (978-7057)

Minor program: R25651 (4 full courses or their equivalent)
1. MAT 135Y/137Y/157Y; PHY 138Y/140Y
2. ENV 235Y/JPU 200Y/PHY 238Y
3. One full course or equivalent from: BOT 323H/HPS 311H/JPA 305H/310H/JPG 438H/PHY 315H/346H

PHYSICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOGRAPHY (B.Sc.)

Consult Professor A. Davis, Department of Geography (978-5992)

Minor program: R20301 (4 full courses or their equivalent)
1. GGR 100Y/JGF 150Y
2. One full course or equivalent from: GGR 201H/203H/205H/206H
3. GGR 390H, (302H/305H), (272H/307H/310H/312H)
4. A half-course from Group C on Page 227 (GGR listing) of the 1998-99 Arts & Science Calendar

ENVIRONMENT COURSES

(see Section 4 for Key to Course Descriptions)

To find ENV course categories for Distribution Requirement purposes, see entry at end of each course.

ENV200Y
Assessing Global Change: Science and the Environment 52L, 24T

The perspective scientists bring to the understanding and resolution of environmental concerns having global implications: forest ecosystems, atmospheric ecosystems, and conservation of genetic diversity.
Exclusion: BIO150Y

This is Science course is intended to fulfill the environmental literacy requirement for students in the BA programs of the Division of the Environment or the science distribution course requirement for Commerce, Humanities and Social Science students.

ENV221Y
Approaches to Environmental Issues I 52L, 24T

Selected humanities, social science and science disciplines (e.g. Biology, Earth Sciences, Economics, History, Political Science, Philosophy, Political Science, Sociology), focus their respective research protocols on a specific environmental case study such as the Greater Toronto Area with the intention of formulating a sustainable policy.
Prerequisites: four full course equivalents

This is classified as BOTH a Social Sciences and a Humanities course

ENV234Y
Environmental Biology 52L, 39P

The elements of biological diversity and its change in response to climatic, geological and human factors. Examination of ecological phenomena in relation to population, community and ecosystem processes with particular reference to the biomes of Ontario. Descriptive and experimental laboratory studies including some weekend field trips (total cost $35.00). (Provided by the Departments of Botany, Geology and Zoology and the Faculty of Forestry)
Prerequisites: BIO150Y/GGR100Y/JGF150Y

This is a Science course

ENV235Y
Physics and Chemistry of Planet Earth 52L, 26P, 26T

The Earth's natural environment; the formulation and evolution of the solid earth; internal dynamics; mantle-core differentiation; volcanism; tectonics. The biosphere: oceans, atmosphere, climate, ice-ages, global warming. The operation of the Earth as a physico-chemical system; time scales of processes, oceanic atmospheric coupling. The effects of human interventions: e.g. groundwater quality, stratospheric ozone. Measurement of relevant physical and chemical quantities. Students participate in field and laboratory studies. (Provided by the Departments of Chemistry and Physics.)
Prerequisite: CHM135Y/137Y/151Y/157Y, MAT135Y/137Y/JMB170Y, PHY138Y/140Y

This is a Science course

ENV236Y
Human Interactions with the Environment 52L, 12P

A course emphasizing both the role of the environment in shaping human behaviour, and the impact of humans on the environment. Coverage includes human biological and cultural evolution, with an emphasis on North America since the last ice age, and concludes with European impacts on the North American environment. (Given by the Departments of Anthropology and Geography)
Prerequisite: BIO150Y/GGR100Y/JGF150Y or permission of instructor

This is a Science course

ENV299Y
Research Opportunity Program

Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. See Research Opportunity Program for details.

ENV315H
Chemical Analysis of Environmental Samples 26L, 39P

Instrumental analysis techniques for environmental scientists from all disciplines. Laboratory exercises covering extraction, preparation and analysis of samples by a variety of volumetric, electrochemical, spectroscopic and chromatographic techniques. Lectures emphasize QC/QA, WHMIS, MSDS in addition to the theoretical underpinnings of each analytical technique. (Provided for the Division by the Department of Geology)
Exclusion: CHM217H, 314Y, 401H; GLG335H
Prerequisite: CHM137Y/151Y and any second year environmental science course

This is a Science course

ENV321Y
Approaches to Environmental Issues II 52L, 24T

A continuation of the disciplinary context for policy formulation in the environment but focuses in on a case study within a global context. Perspectives from disciplines other than those highlighted in ENV221Y. Increasing emphasis on student involvement from the perspective of their other Majors.
Prerequisite: ENV221Y

This is classified as BOTH a Social Sciences and a Humanities course

JIE410H
Environmental Research Skills 26S

An interactive seminar designed to prepare students for original environmental research on topics of current relevance. Development of skills and knowledge particular to interdisciplinary problem solving such as: project planning and management, data collection and analysis, and conflict resolution skills.
Prerequisite: Enrolment in an environmental program and completion of at least 10 full courses
Co-requisite: Students are strongly encouraged to pursue an independent research project in the same academic year

This is classified as BOTH a Social Sciences and a Humanities course

ENV421H
Environmental Research 52S

A seminar course for all students in the Division's programs that combines directed independent research with report writing on an interdisciplinary topic.
Prerequisite: JIE410H

This is classified as BOTH a Social Sciences and a Humanities course

ENV481H
Special Topics in the Environment I 26S

Students select 0.5 FCE worth of points from activities currently on-going in graduate courses, seminars, on-line conferences or working groups (comprised of government and university scientists, policy makers and their graduate students) sponsored by the Division, the Environmental Adaptation Research Group or the Institute for Environmental Studies.
Prerequisite: Enrolment in a program sponsored by the Division of the Environment and 15 FCE

This is classified as BOTH a Social Sciences and a Humanities course

ENV482H
Special Topics in the Environment II 26S

A continuation of ENV481H providing a continuing or alternative set of activities in a subsequent semester.
Prerequisite: ENV481H

This is classified as BOTH a Social Sciences and a Humanities course

ENV490Y
Senior Essay TBA

Open only to Specialists in the Division of the Environment who have completed 15 courses. A major scholarly essay demonstrating the student's ability to integrate the individual course elements from their theme.
Prerequisite: ENV221Y, 321Y
Co-requisite: ENV421H

ENV497H /498Y
Independent Research in Environment TBA

A research project or selected topic in an area of environment not otherwise available in the Faculty. A written proposal cosigned by the student and supervisor must be submitted for approval by the Director of the Division normally by 31 May of the previous academic year.


Top of page [Calendar: Contents |  Calendar Search | Programs & Courses |

We welcome your comments and enquiries.
Revised: April 6, 1998

All contents copyright , 1998. University of Toronto. All rights reserved.