Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Courses

For Distribution Requirement purposes, all BIO and EEB courses, ENV234Y1, and JMB170Y1 are classified as SCIENCE courses (see page 26); except EEB202H1, 214H1, 215H1, 216H1. All students, regardless of campus or Faculty, must abide by the stated course prerequisites and exclusions.

| Course Winter Timetable |



Organisms in Their Environment [ 48L, 36P]

Principles and concepts of evolution and ecology examined through examples at the level of individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems. Includes the application of ecological and evolutionary approaches to behaviour, genomics, evolutionary medicine, global environmental change, and conservation biology. A Prerequisite for advanced work in biological sciences.
Prerequisite: Biology 12 or equivalent. Students without high school Biology must consult the BIO150 Office (

Biology, Models, and Mathematics [72L]

Applications of mathematics to biological problems in physiology, genetics, evolution, growth, population dynamics, cell biology, ecology, and behaviour. Mathematical topics include: power functions and regression; exponential and logistic functions; binomial theorem and probability; calculus, including derivatives, max/min, integration, areas, integration by parts, substitution; differential equations, including linear constant coefficient systems; dynamic programming; Markov processes; and chaos. This course is intended for students in Life Sciences.
Co-requisite: BIO150Y1

First Year Seminar [48S]

Undergraduate seminar that focuses on specific ideas, questions, phenomena or controversies, taught by a regular Faculty member deeply engaged in the discipline. Open only to newly admitted first year students. It may serve as a distribution requirement course; Details here..


Biology of Plants and Micro-organisms (formerly BOT251Y1) [48L, 36P]

An introduction to the biology of plants, fungi, and algae. Lectures and labs emphasize the diversity of organisms with a focus on life cycles, morphology, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and evolution.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Exclusion: BOT251Y1

Plants and Society (formerly BOT202Y1) [24L]

The importance of plants to society. Plant biology, domestication of crop plants, plant breeding and genetic engineering, biologicial invasions, conservation, biodiversity and genetic resources. Evaluation of the ecological implications of advances in modern plant science. A two-hour mid-term test will be scheduled for October and held outside of class time.

Exclusion: BIO150Y1/BOT202Y1
This course counts as a Science Distribution Requirement for students in all years and disciplines.

Evolution and Adaptation (formerly ZOO214Y1) [24L, 12T]

Evolution and adaptation through natural selection. Concepts and application based on faunal life goals of habitat survival, food acquisition, predator avoidance, and reproduction. Topics include: speciation, mutation, co-evolution, symbiosis, pollination, cannibalism, parasitism, eusociality, and sexual and parental conflict. Essays, debates, and reading required.

Exclusion: BIO150Y1/323H1/EEB318H1/EEB323H1/ZOO214Y1/324Y1
This course counts as a Science Distribution Requirement for students in all years and disciplines.

Conservation Biology (formerly ZOO215H1) [36L]

Introduction to the scientific discipline that deals with endangered wildlife. Topics include: biodiversity, extinction, threats, demography, genetic diversity, nature reserves, and captive breeding. Also, endangered species laws, moral philosophies, and political, economic and social justice issues surrounding biodiversity. Essays and reading required.

Exclusion: BIO365H1/ EEB365H1/ ZOO215H1
This course counts as a Science Distribution Requirement for students in all years and disciplines.

Marine Mammal Biology and Conservation (formerly ZOO216H1) [24L, 12T]

Introduction to ecological, evolutionary, physiological, and anatomical adaptations of marine mammals to their aquatic environment. Issues of conservation and environmental biology will also be covered. In tutorials the use of anatomical specimens (skulls, teeth, etc.) will be supplemented with video and other teaching tools.

Exclusion: BIO150Y1/252Y1/BIO270H1/BIO271H1/ PSL280H1/387H1/PSL380H1/ SCI199Y1: Marine Mammals in Their Environment/ ZOO252Y1/ or enrolment in a Science program
This course counts as a Science Distribution Requirement for students in all years and disciplines.

Biostatistics for Biological Sciences (formerly BIO225H1) [24L, 24P]

A statistics course designed especially for life science students, using biological examples where appropriate. Students learn to choose and use statistics that are appropriate to address relevant biological questions and hypotheses. Lectures and computer labs will be used to cover the following methods: sampling and experimental design, data exploration, correlation, regression,
ANOVA, Chi-square, and non-parametric tests.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1, STA220H1

Exclusion: BIO225H1/ ECO220Y1/ECO227Y1/ GGR270H1/ JBS229H1/ PSY202H1/ SOC300Y1/ STA221H1/STA250H1

Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy (formerly ZOO263Y1) [24L, 72P, 24T]

The ontogeny and phylogeny of vertebrate structure are considered within the context of evolutionary theory. Functional aspects of the various organ systems are examined. Representative fish and mammals are dissected in detail and other forms are dealt with briefly to illustrate selected anatomical features and to provide practical exposure to vertebrate construction.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Exclusion: ZOO263Y1

Animal Diversity (formerly ZOO265Y1) [48L, 78P]

Diversity of animals in the world. Focusing on the special attributes and biological requirements of different groups of organisms and what makes each group vulnerable to human-based exploitation. Labs emphasize recognition of major groups, and use living organisms when possible, but involve no invasive procedures.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Exclusion: ZOO265Y1

Research Opportunity Program

Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. Details here.

Environmental Biology [48L, 36P]

A broad-based science course drawing on elements from geology, systematics, soil science, and ecology to understand past and present environments and how humans are altering the environment. Emphasis is placed on examination of ecological phenomena in relation to population, community, and ecosystem processes with particular reference to the biomes of Ontario. Descriptive and experimental laboratory studies including a weekend field trip (total cost about $15.00). (Offered by the Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, Department of Geology, and the Faculty of Forestry)
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1 (recommended) or GGR100Y1
This is a Science course.


Marine Biology (formerly BIO301H1) [TBA]

Offered in the summer at Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, New Brunswick, of about 14 days duration. Informal lectures and seminars with intensive field and laboratory work on different marine habitats and the animals and plants associated with them. Student projects included.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1 and permission of instructor

Exclusion: BIO301H1
Recommended preparation: EEB265Y1 or ANY 200+ series organismal biology course with a lab.

Arctic Ecosystems (formerly BIO302H1) [TBA]

Two-week summer field course offered in Churchill, Manitoba. Instruction combines lectures with field trips to local tundra and boreal forest sites. Students are responsible for completing an independent project based on local field work. Dates, instructors, and material covered vary from year to year. (Next offered in sumMER 2010)
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1 and permission of instructor

Exclusion: BIO302H1
Recommended preparation: At least one course in ecology

Tropical Ecology and Evolution (formerly BIO303H1) [TBA]

A field course during Reading Week introduces students to the diversity of biological communities in the tropics focusing on ecological and evolutionary interactions. Plant and animal communities of the New World tropics are compared and contrasted with temperate communities. Students conduct small-scale research projects in the field. Lectures are given on Friday afternoons.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1, any other Life Science course with a lab, and permission of instructor

Exclusion: BIO303H1

Field Botany (formerly BOT304H1) [TBA]

A two-week course that aims to introduce students to the diversity of plants that can be found in southern Ontario in the wild (botanical gardens or other living collections may also be visited). The course introduces field, herbarium, and laboratory methods used in plant organismic biology research. Topics include: plant collecting, plant identification, preparation of voucher specimens, plant reproductive biology, and plant diversity and phylogeny.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1 and permission of instructor

Exclusion: BOT304H1
Recommended preparation: EEB330H1/EEB337H1

Experimental Ecology and Evolution in Southern Ontario (formerly BIO305H1) [TBA]

A field course offered at a Southern Ontario field station for two weeks in August. Students learn the natural history of the region and conduct a research project in the field. Projects focus on terrestrial plant ecology, plant-insect interactions, and other topics in evolutionary ecology selected by the students.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1 or any other Life Science course with a lab, and permission of instructor

Exclusion: BIO305H1
Recommended preparation: a second- or third-year ecology, evolution or environmental science course

Inter-University Field Course (formerly BIO306H1) [TBA]

Inter-university selections from the offerings of the Ontario Universities Program in Field Biology. Courses, of one or two weeks duration at field sites, are announced each January. Consult the Ecology & Evolutionary Biology Undergraduate Office or website.
Prerequisite: Varies by module

Exclusion: BIO306H1

Alpine Ecosystems (formerly BIO307H1) [TBA]

A field course at a high mountain field station for two weeks in the summer. Students learn the natural history of alpine and subalpine biomes and investigate major abiotic and biotic interactions. Required projects catalogue natural diversity, examine species interactions, or assess abiotic influences and stresses on high-altitude organisms and their environment.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1, BIO251Y1 or (BIO270H1, BIO271H1)/252Y1, and permission of instructor

Exclusion: BIO307H1

Biodiversity and Ecology in Southeast Asia (formerly BIO308H1) [TBA]

Offered in early or late summer for approximately two weeks. Students conduct independent research projects and will be introduced to the biodiversity and ecology of southeast Asia. Projects will be tailored to each student’s interests and background.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1 and permission of instructor

Exclusion: BIO308H1
Recommended preparation: EEB360H1/EEB384H1/EEB386H1/EEB388H1

Field Ornithology (formerly ZOO304H1) [TBA]

Lectures on the biology of birds with daily field work emphasizing field identification (visual and acoustic), field research methodologies, analysis of census data, habitat relationships, and behaviour of territoriality, reproduction and migration. Student projects included. Offered for two weeks in the spring at an Ontario field station.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1 and permission of instructor

Exclusion: ZOO304H1

Lake Ecosystem Dynamics [TBA]

Two-week summer field course in Algonquin Park, Ontario. Field and laboratory exercises will demonstrate how interactions between physical, chemical and biological parameters are crucial in understanding lake ecosystems. Students collect, analyse, and interpret data, and complete a class project and independent project. (Next offered in sumMER 2010)
Prerequisite: An introductory biology or introductory physical geography course, and permission of instructor
Recommended preparation: 200+ series course in ecology, environmental biology or physical geography

Field Biology in Mexico [TBA]

Two-week field course in Oaxaca, Mexico. Students will learn the natural history of Mexican flora and fauna and apply core concepts of ecology and evolution to observations and experiments in the field. Habitats visited include coastal lagoons, dry scrub forests, and cloud forests. Evaluation includes an independent project. (Next offered in sumMER 2011)
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1Y or equivalent, and permission of instructor
Recommended preparation: One or more courses in ecology and/or evolution

Principles of Evolution [24L]

Principles and practice of evolutionary biology since Darwin. Topics may include: phylogeny, speciation, mutation and neutral evolution, population genetic variation, quantitative genetics, molecular evolution, natural selection and adaptation, evolutionary conflict and cooperation, and levels of selection.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Exclusion: Students who have taken EEB323H1/EEB324H1/EEB362H1 cannot take (or concurrently take) EEB318H1. Students who have completed EEB318H1 may take EEB323H1/EEB324H1 (with permission of instructor)/EEB362H1.

Population Ecology (formerly BIO319H1) [24L, 36P]

Distribution of species; population growth and regulation; interactions within and among species; food webs; harvesting of natural resources; diseases; pest control. Basic ecological principles and applied issues discussed. Labs include experiments and computer simulations.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1, JMB170Y1/MAT135Y1/MAT136Y1/MAT137Y1/MAT157Y1

Exclusion: BIO319H1/320Y1
Recommended preparation: a course in statistics

Community Ecology (formerly BIO321H1) [24L, 36P]

A comprehensive survey of community ecology: nature and analysis of community structure; disturbance and community development; species interactions; community assembly processes. There will be two or three required all-day field trips held on weekends early in the fall term. Both the field trips and computer exercises in weekly labs provide training in sampling, simulation, and data analysis.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1 and a course in statistics

Exclusion: BIO320Y1/321H1
Recommended preparation: ENV234Y1

Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology (formerly ZOO322H1) [24L, 36P]

A broad introduction to animal behaviour emphasizing concepts from ethology and behavioural ecology, including foraging, predation, mating systems, parental care and behaviour genetics. Field and laboratory studies are undertaken.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1, PSY201H1/ STA220H1/STA250H1/STA257H1/ GGR270H1/ EEB225H1

Exclusion: ZOO322H1

Evolutionary Genetics (formerly BIO323H1) [24L, 24T]

Evolutionary biology rests on a foundation of evolutionary genetics. This course focuses on the core ideas in population genetics and extends to evolutionary genomics. Students are exposed to the mathematical theory underlying evolutionary genetics and are expected to learn the mathematical foundations underlying these ideas. Topics include the population genetics of mutation, migration, drift, and selection, analysis of sequence variation, and the evolution of sexual reproduction.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1, BIO260H1/HMB265H1, JMB170Y1/MAT135Y1/MAT136Y1/MAT137Y1/MAT157Y1

Exclusion: BIO323H1
Recommended preparation: a course in statistics

Evolutionary Ecology (formerly BIO324H1) [24L, 12T]

Empirical and theoretical approaches to key areas of research including natural and sexual selection, and life histories. Other topics may include phenotypic plasticity, speciation, co-evolution, and quantitative genetics.
Prerequisite: EEB323H1, or EEB318H1 and permission of instructor

Exclusion: BIO324H1/ZOO324Y1

Physiological Ecology (formerly BIO328H1) [24L, 24T]

An advanced treatment of the physiological mechanisms controlling plant and animal distribution and ecological success. Topics of focus include photosynthesis and resource balance, water and nutrient relations, temperature effects, and adaptations to abiotic stress.
Prerequisite: BIO251Y1 or (BIO270H1, BIO271H1)/252Y1 or equivalent

Exclusion: BIO328H1

Systematic Botany (formerly BOT300H1) [24L, 36P]

The theoretical foundations of taxonomy and the types of evidence used in constructing plant classifications. Labs emphasize taxonomic characters and their uses. Includes an independent taxonomic project.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Exclusion: BOT300H1
Recommended preparation: EEB337H1

Introduction to the Fungi (formerly BOT301H1) [24L, 36P]

Topics include fungal systematics, morphology, physiology, and ecology. The roles of fungi in the environment and their importance to man. A field trip explores the natural occurrence of fungi. Labs introduce the techniques used for morphological and molecular identification, and for isolation in pure culture. Students use fungal cultures to conduct an independent experimental research project.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Exclusion: BOT301H1
Recommended preparation: BIO251Y1

Families of Vascular Plants (formerly BOT307H1) [24L, 36P]

This course examines variation in morphology, predominant breeding systems, dispersal syndromes, and other features families of vascular plants in the Ontario flora. Students learn key characteristics for identification of important families of free-sporing and seed-producing plants in the context of green plant evolution and phylogeny.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Exclusion: BOT307H1

Comparative Plant Morphology (formerly BOT310H1) [24L, 36P]

This course focuses on land plant origins and subsequent diversification of land plant vegetative and reproductive form and function. Discussions synthesize morphological and anatomical knowledge from living organisms and fossil records with cellular, physiological, and molecular information on the developmental tool kit of land plants and their ancestors throughout geological time. Topics address the evolution of vegetative and reproductive meristems; stem, leaf, and root architecture; vascular tissue; the ovule habit; fertilization processes; and pollination biology.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Exclusion: BOT310H1

Plant Anatomy (formerly BOT341H1) [24L, 36P]

The microscopic structure of plants with emphasis on the characteristics of cells and tissues, how they are formed from plant meristems and how they function in transport, photosynthesis, transpiration, absorption, and reproduction. (Not offered in 2009-2010)
Prerequisite: BIO251Y1

Exclusion: BOT341H1

History of Evolutionary Biology I (formerly EEB353H1) [24L, 12T]

An examination of major ideas about biological evolution from the 18th century to THE 1930s and of their impact on scientific and social thought. Topics include the diversity of life and its classification, the adaptation of organisms to their environment, Wallace’s and Darwin’s views on evolution by natural selection, sexual selection, inheritance from Mendel to T.H. Morgan, eugenics, and the implications of evolution for religion, gender roles, and the organization of society.
Prerequisite: 6 full courses or equivalent including BIO150Y1

Exclusion: EEB353H1/HPS323H1/353H1
This counts as a Humanities or Science course.

History of Evolutionary Biology II (formerly EEB355H1) [24L, 12T]

An examination of ideas about biological evolution from THE 1930s to the present. Topics include the Modern Synthesis, population genetics, the concept of biological species, ecology, sociobiology, and creationism.
Prerequisite: 6 full courses or equivalent including BIO150Y1

Exclusion: EEB355H1/HPS333H1/355H1
Recommended preparation: JHE353H1, EEB353H1/HPS353H1
This counts as a Humanities or Science course.

Insect Biology (formerly ZOO356H1) [24L, 18P]

Lectures provide an introduction to the morphology, physiology, development, behaviour, evolutionary history and biological significance of insects. Practicals will include demonstrations, multimedia, and group discussions. (Offered in alternate years; not offered in 2009-2010)
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Exclusion: EEB/ZOO360H1, ZOO356H1

Entomology (formerly ZOO360H1) [24L, 36P]

Introduction to the morphology, physiology, development, behaviour, ecology, evolutionary history, and biological significance of insects. Labs include making an insect collection. Mandatory one week of fieldwork in Algonquin Park at the end of August. EEB360H1 can be used to fulfill a program’s field course requirement.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Exclusion: EEB356H1/ ZOO356H1/360H1

Field Entomology (formerly ZOO361H1) [TBA]

A field and laboratory course to provide practical experience in techniques for collecting and studying insects. Students will each prepare an insect collection and/or conduct a small-scale research project.
Prerequisite: EEB356H1/EEB360H1, and permission of instructor

Exclusion: ZOO361H1

Introduction to Macroevolution (formerly ZOO362H1) [24L, 24T]

Explores patterns of large-scale evolutionary change, played out over large geographic expanses and extended periods of time. Integrates patterns with field and experimental studies to clarify evolutionary processes. Topics include: origins of species and their adaptations, historical biogeography, co-evolution, radiations and extinctions, fossils and macroevolutionary patterns, and the role of evolutionary information in conservation and biodiversity initiatives. Tutorials emphasize methods used to reconstruct phylogenetic relationships and the sequence of character evolution.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Exclusion: ZOO362H1

The Biology of Conservation (formerly BIO365H1) [24L, 24P]

Introduction to the study and conservation of biodiversity at all levels - genes, species, populations, habitats and ecosystem functions. Includes threats to biodiversity and approaches to maintaining biodiversity. Practicals include small group discussions of lecture topics and computer labs.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1 and one of EEB318H1/EEB319H1/EEB321H1/EEB322H1/EEB323H1/EEB324H1/EEB362H1

Exclusion: BIO365H1/EEB215H1

Theoretical Ecology and Evolution (formerly BIO370H1) [24L, 24P]

Introduction to mathematical modeling techniques used in ecological and evolutionary theory. Applications include understanding the dynamics of populations and ecological communities and the evolution of ecologically important characteristics within species. Includes applied linear algebra, dynamic systems models, optimization techniques, and game theory. Requires good knowledge of first-year calculus, but not extensive mathematical background. Computer lab once a week. (Not offered in 2009-2010)
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1, JMB170Y1/MAT135Y1/MAT137Y1/MAT157Y1

Exclusion: BIO370H1/470H1

Environmental Factors (formerly ZOO375H1) [36L]

A lecture and seminar course dealing with the effects of physical and chemical environments on animals.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Exclusion: ZOO200Y1, ZOO375H1
Recommended preparation: (BIO270H1, BIO271H1)

Biology of Amphibians (formerly ZOO384H1) [12L, 36P]

Introduction to the natural history, evolution, and diversity of amphibians. (Offered in alternate years; not offered in 2009-2010)

Exclusion: ZOO384H1
Recommended preparation: EEB323H1, EEB362H1

Avian Biology (formerly ZOO386H1) [12L, 36P]

Avian diversity and evolution; adaptations for flight; physiology; migration and navigation; reproduction and social behaviour; species, speciation, and hybridization; population trends and conservation. Local field trips. An activity fee may be collected for field trips.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y1

Exclusion: ZOO386H1
Recommended preparation: an additional course in evolution, ecology or behaviour

Biology of Mammals (formerly ZOO388H1) [12L, 36P]

Natural history of mammals emphasizing ecology, community structure, behaviour, reproduction, and life history strategies; form and function related to different modes of life and physical environments. Labs include a survey of Ontario mammals. (Offered in alternate years; not offered in 2009-2010)
Prerequisite: EEB318H1/EEB322H1 or (BIO270H1, BIO271H1)/252Y1

Exclusion: ZOO388H1

Mammalian Diversity (formerly ZOO389H1) [12L, 36P]

The origin, evolution, zoogeography, phylogenetic relationships, and diversity of mammals; speciation, extinction, and current issues in conservation biology. Labs survey mammalian orders, their characteristics, identification, and systematic relationships. (Offered in alternate years; offered in 2009-2010)
Prerequisite: EEB318H1/EEB362H1

Exclusion: ZOO389H1

Independent Experiential Study Project

Independent Experiential Study Project

An instructor-supervised group project in an off-campus setting. Details here.


NOTE: EEB494Y1, EEB495Y1, EEB496Y1 are seminar courses that are advanced in level and broad in scope, emphasizing the integration of related sub-disciplines, critical thinking, and the synthesis of ideas often crossing disciplinary boundaries. Fundamental to these courses are group discussions among peers, facilitated by faculty, and student presentations. Students generally enrol in only one of these courses typically in their 4th year. Students wishing to take more than one should contact the Ecology & Evolutionary Biology Undergraduate Office.

Global Change Ecology (formerly BIO428H1) [36L]

An examination of organism, population, and ecosystem responses to long-term environmental change occurring at the global scale, with emphasis on human caused perturbation to climate and the carbon, nitrogen, and hydrolic cycles and their ecological effects.
Prerequisite: 1.0 FCE credit from EEB/BIO/BOT/CSB/ZOO at THE 300+ series

Exclusion: BIO428H1
Recommended preparation: ENV234Y1

Ecology and Evolution of Plant-Animal Interactions (formerly BIO440H1) [24L, 12T]

Major concepts in ecology and evolution from the perspective of plant-animal interactions. The richness of interactions between plants and animals are explored, including antagonistic interactions (e.g., herbivory, carnivorous plants), mutualistic interactions (e.g., seed dispersal and ant-plant associations), and interactions involving two to many species and across trophic levels.
Prerequisite: EEB301H1/EEB302H1/EEB303H1/EEB304H1/EEB305H1/EEB306H1/EEB307H1/EEB308H1/EEB309H1/EEB310H1/EEB311H1/EEB318H1/EEB319H1/EEB321H1/ EEB323H1/EEB324H1/EEB328H1 or equivalent

Exclusion: BIO440H1

Population Genetics (formerly BIO459H1) [24L, 12T]

A focus on theoretical population genetics, using mathematical models to understand how different evolutionary forces drive allele frequency change. Students learn how to mathematically derive classic results in population genetics. Topics include: drift, coalescence, the relationship between population and quantitative genetics, selection in finite populations, and mutation load.
Prerequisite: BIO260H1/HMB265H1, EEB323H1

Exclusion: BIO459H1
Recommended preparation: a solid understanding of basic algebra and calculus

Molecular Evolution (formerly BIO460H1) [24L, 12T]

Processes of evolution at the molecular level, and the analysis of molecular data. Gene structure, neutrality, nucleotide sequence evolution, sequence evolution, sequence alignment, phylogeny construction, gene families, transposition.
Prerequisite: BIO240H1/250Y1/BIO255Y1, BIO260H1/ HMB265H1

Exclusion: BIO460H1

Advanced Evolutionary Genomics (formerly BIO463H1) [24L, 24T]

Study of the evolution of genes and genomes. Topics include: gene and genome duplication, molecular phylogenetics, methods of detecting selection, adaptive evolution of proteins, genome size evolution, comparative genomics.
Prerequisite: EEB460H1/CSB352H1/(EEB362H1; BIO240H1/BIO255Y1)

Exclusion: BIO463H1

Advanced Applications of Phylogenetic Systematics (formerly ZOO462H1) [12L, 36P]

Computer-assisted methods for constructing and testing phylogenetic hypotheses are introduced through lectures and labs. Molecular data are emphasized although morphological data may also be considered. Character coding, maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, Bayesian inference, and nested clade analyses are discussed. Students prepare a comprehensive term paper based on analysis of individual
data sets. (Not offered in 2009-2010)
Prerequisite: EEB362H1

Exclusion: ZOO462H1
Recommended preparation: basic computer literacy

Conservation Biology in Theory and Practice (formerly BIO465H1) [36L]

Conservation biology from a Canadian and global perspective, including targets for conservation, methods of assessment, tools for recovery and key philosophical issues and legislation. This course teaches theory and methodology and provides practical in-class training using real-world conservation issues. Opportunities include preparing assessments of species at risk, presenting analyses, and possible publication of reports.
Prerequisite: A minimum of 10 FCE credits

Exclusion: BIO465H1
Recommended preparation: BIO150Y1

Lectures in Limnology (formerly BIO468H1) [24L, 6T]

Interactions between biological, chemical and physical processes in lake/stream ecosystems. Waves, currents; temperature, light, oxygen dynamics; microbes, algae, plants, invertebrates and fish; food web interactions; water-land-air landscapes. Basic ecological principles and lake management issues discussed. Assignments and a major paper are required. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: (CHM138H1, CHM139H1)/CHM151Y1 and EEB319H1/EEB321H1; or ENV234Y1 and permission of instructor

Exclusion: BIO368H1/468H1/469Y1, EEB469H1

Quantitative Ecology (formerly BIO471H1) [24L, 36P]

This course examines aspects of quantitative ecology including approaches to ecological sampling, multivariate analysis of ecological communities and environmental conditions, null models, and spatial ecology. (Offered in alternate years; not offeRED 2009-2010).
Prerequisite: EEB319H1/EEB321H1 and a course in statistics

Exclusion: BIO471H1

Seminar in Evolutionary Biology (formerly BIO494Y1) [48S]

Topics include evolutionary ecology and genetics, biodiversity, and behavioural ecology. Primary literature and research seminars form the basis for class discussion and short seminars. Discussions are led by students.
Prerequisite: EEB323H1, EEB324H1; one of EEB319H1/EEB321H1/EEB322H1; and permission of instructor (minimum cGPA may be required)

Exclusion: BIO494Y1

Seminar in Ecology (formerly BIO495Y1) [48S]

Analysis and discussion of current topics in ecology. The topics vary from year to year. The seminar activities include both oral and written analyses of current research articles, and may include group projects. Critical discussion of research methods is an important component of the course.
Prerequisite: EEB319H1/EEB321H1; one of EEB319H1/EEB321H1/EEB324H1/EEB365H1/ ENV234Y1; and permission of instructor (minimum cGPA may be required)

Exclusion: BIO495Y1

Seminar in Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology (formerly BIO496Y1) [48S]

Topics in behavioural ecology including predator-prey interactions, host-parasite interactions, mate choice, and foraging. May include general discussions about animal consciousness, culture and welfare. Evaluation is based on presentations, participation in class discussions and written assignments.
Prerequisite: EEB322H1; one of EEB323H1/EEB324H1/EEB362H1, PSY397H1/ JZP326H1, PSY362H1/369H1, or a biology field course; and permission of instructor (minimum cGPA may be required)

Exclusion: BIO496Y1

Project in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology I [TBA]

Project in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology I [TBA]

An original research project (a literature review alone is not sufficient) requiring the prior consent of a member of the Department to supervise the project. The topic is to be one mutually agreed on by the student and supervisor. They must arrange the time, place, and provision of any materials and submit to the Undergraduate Office a signed form of agreement outlining details prior to being enrolled. This course is normally open only to Fourth-Year students with adequate background in ecology, evolutionary biology or behaviour. Students are also required to present the results at a poster session and/or participate in an oral presentation. Students should contact their potential supervisors over the summer before classes begin in September. Information regarding how to register for the course is available on the EEB website.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor

Exclusion: If EEB497H1 is taken then EEB498Y1 may not be taken for credit; BOT460Y1/461H1/462Y1; ZOO498Y1/499Y1

Project in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology II [TBA]

Allows students to do a second independent project, supervision of which must be different from EEB497H1/EEB498Y1. Operates in the same manner as EEB498Y1.
Prerequisites: EEB497H1/EEB498Y1/ BOT460Y1/ ZOO498Y1 and permission of Department

Exclusion: BOT462Y1; ZOO499Y1