Arts & Science Calendar 1998-99: Table of Contents: Programs and Courses
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Portuguese is spoken by more than one hundred and seventy million people on four continents: Europe, Africa, Asia, and America. Twenty percent of all residents of the Western Hemisphere are Brazilians, who attest to the truth that one out of every five Americans - North, Central, South - speaks Portuguese as his or her native language.

The literature of Portugal has a tradition that goes back as far as the twelfth century, and the country's discoveries in the Renaissance led it to all corners of the globe. In the last two decades Portugal has given to Canada many thousands of new citizens, and Brazil is attracting the attention of Canadians through its vast potential as a land of culture, of natural resources, and of industry.

In addition to a full range of courses in language, Portuguese studies at the University of Toronto are concerned with the major trends and issues of Luso-Brazilian literature and culture and serve the programs in Ibero-American Studies, European Studies and in African Studies.

The Department encourages students to consider completing part of their course work at a university in Portugal or Brazil.

Undergraduate Coordinator: Professor B.E. Segall (978-6412)

Enquiries: 21 Sussex Avenue, Room 224 (978-3357)

Faculty Members

Given by Members of the Department of Spanish and Portuguese

Professors Emeriti
K.L. Levy, MA, Ph D, FRSC J.R. Webster, MA, Ph D, FRSC
J.H. Parker, MA, Ph D, FRSC

Professor and Acting Chair of the Department
W.L. Rolph, MA, Phil M (I)

Associate Professor and Associate Chair
J.G.Hughes, MA, Ph D
R. Sternberg, MA, Ph D (SM)

Assistant Professor
J. Blackmore, MA, Ph D

* M.T. Da Cunha, MA

Senior Tutor
M. Marujo, Lic Fil Ger, MA

* Visiting


Enrolment in the Portuguese programs requires the completion of four degree courses; no minimum GPA required.


Consult Professor B.E. Segall, Department of Spanish and Portuguese.

Specialist program (Hon.B.A.): S03381 (10 full courses or their equivalent, including at least one 400-series course)
First Year: PRT 100Y/220Y
Second Year:
1. PRT 220Y/320Y
2. PRT 258Y
Third and Fourth Years:
1. PRT 320Y
2. At least one of PRT 420Y, 423Y
3. Plus additional PRT courses to make ten courses

Major program Major program: M03381 (7 full courses or their equivalent)
First Year: PRT 100Y/220Y
Second Year:
1. PRT 220Y/320Y
2. PRT 258Y
Third and Fourth Years:
1. PRT 320Y
2. At least one of PRT 420Y, 423Y is recommended for students who start in PRT 100Y. At least one of PRT 420Y, 423Y is required for students who start in PRT 210Y/220Y or higher language course.
3. Plus additional PRT courses to make seven courses

Minor program Minor program: R03381 (4 full courses or their equivalent)

PRT 320Y plus additional PRT courses to make four courses



(see Section 4 for Key to Course Descriptions)

For Distribution Requirement purposes, PRT courses are classified as HUMANITIES courses.

HUM 199Y First Year Seminar 52T

Undergraduate seminar that focuses on specific ideas, questions, phenomena or controversies, taught by a regular Faculty member deeply engaged in the discipline. Open only to newly admitted first year students. It may serve as a breadth requirement course; see First Year Seminars: 199Y.

The World Literature Program also includes courses from this department; see under WLD

NOTE The Department reserves the right to place students in the language course best suited to their linguistic preparation.

Introductory Portuguese 52L, 26P

An introduction to the main elements of the language with emphasis on oral and written practice. (May not be taken by students who, in the judgement of the Department, qualify for entry into PRT210Y/220Y)
Exclusion: Grade 13/OAC Portuguese

Composition and Oral Practice II 52L

Students enlarge their vocabulary and improve their oral and writing skills through reading, composition and translation.
Exclusion: PRT210Y
Prerequisite: Grade 13/OAC Portuguese/PRT100Y/110Y

Portuguese Culture and Civilization 26L

A survey of historical and cultural trends in Portugal from the Middle Ages to the present. Art and music are studied in addition to historical/cultural movements to gain a perspective of the uniqueness of Portugal both within Iberia and in Europe in general. (Offered in alternate years)

Introduction to Luso-Brazilian Studies 52L

The introductory study of literary texts and consideration of the various ways authors express and situate themselves in culture. Semiotics, gender, the literary canon, advertising, the nature of literary language, and cinema.
Co-requisite: PRT210Y/220Y

Research Opportunity Program

Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. See Research Opportunity Program for details.

Composition and Oral Practice III 52L

Intensive practice in written and oral Portuguese for the advanced student. Reading and discussion of contemporary literature.
Prerequisite: PRT210Y/220Y

Laughter and Disaster in the Theatre 26L

Concentration on the two classic modalities of theatre, the comic and the tragic, to understand how playwrights shape the world. Early theories of the tragic, comic, and the grotesque. Texts from several Portuguese-speaking cultures may be included. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: PRT210Y/220Y, 258Y

Discovery and Conquest: Literature and Nationhood (formerly PRT351Y) 26L

A study of the driving ideologies behind the "Age of Discoveries." Close scrutiny of key texts reveals how the ideas of displacement, sex, violence, gender, and colonization play crucial roles in the establishment and maintenance of nationhood and nationality in Renaissance Portugal. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: PRT210Y/220Y, 258Y

Modern and Contemporary Brazilian Literature (formerly PRT457Y) 52L

Focus on modern and contemporary Brazilian literature and its social contexts, and examination of the relationship between literary movements and Brazilian cinema, music and art. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: PRT210Y/220Y, 258Y

Topics in Portuguese Studies 26L

In years when this course is offered, topics are described in detail in the departmental brochure.
Prerequisite: PRT210Y/220Y

From Pessoa to Saramago (formerly PRT456Y) 52L

An examination of Portuguese literature as it confronts the changing social, political, and aesthetic currents of the twentieth century. The Orpheu movement of Fernando Pessoa and Sá-Carneiro, Presença and Neo-Realism as well as contemporary authors such as Lydia Jorge and Jose Saramago are studied. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: PRT210Y/220Y, 258Y

Foreign Mappings: Portugal and Brazil Seen from Abroad 52L

The invention of the concepts of "Portugal", the "Portuguese", "Brazil" and the "Brazilian" in texts written by foreigners through the centuries from Pero Vaz de Caminha, Hans Staden, William Beckford, to Elizabeth Bishop, Joseph Brodsky, John Updike and P.K. Page. (Offered in alternate years)

Syntax and Stylistics 52L

The expressive resources of the language. Introduction to the stylistic analysis of literary texts. Intensive written and oral practice. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: PRT320Y

Translation 52L

The syntax and expressive resources of Portuguese and English. Written and oral translation of literary, technical and commercial texts. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: PRT320Y

Camões (formerly PRT352H) 26L

A study of the works of Camões, including the entirety of Os Lusíadas, and a substantial portion of the lyrics and theatre. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: PRT210Y/220Y, 258Y

The Luso-Brazilian Novel 52L

Fiction in Portugal and Brazil from the 19th century to the present. Naturalism, realism, the experimental novels of the 1920's, the novel of social protest. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: PRT210Y/220Y, 258Y

Machado de Assis and Eça de Queiroz (formerly PRT356Y) 52L

The novel as a way of life. The growth and maturation of Machado and Eça as novel-/life-writers, from Eça's critical examination of Portuguese society to Machado's corrosive skepticism. The ongoing dialogue between the two authors evidences their philosophies of novelistic writing and reading. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: PRT210Y/220Y, 258Y

The Luso-Brazilian Story 26S

The development of the Luso-Brazilian short story. Examination of theories of the genre as they relate to short stories of Machado de Assis, Eça de Queiroz, Graciliano Ramos, João Guimareaes Rosa, Clarice Lispector and Miguel Torga. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: PRT210Y/220Y, 258Y

Independent Study TBA

Individual study with a member of staff on a topic of common interest including readings, discussion and written assignments.
Prerequisite: PRT320Y and written approval of the Undergraduate Coordinator

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Revised: April 6, 1998

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