Arts & Science Calendar 1998-99: Table of Contents: Programs and Courses
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HPS HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY


On this page: Introduction | Faculty Members | Programs | Courses
See also: Course Summer Timetable | Course Winter Timetable | More on Department

Introduction

The history and philosophy of science and technology cuts across traditional disciplines of the sciences and the humanities. HPS courses treat the sciences and technology, including mathematics and medicine, as being historically and philosophically significant in themselves, and also as being integral components of the general development of knowledge, culture, and society. The undergraduate courses serve to introduce the student to this discipline, and also to provide a wider context for understanding science and technology. All courses have a substantial historical component, and many deal with philosophical, economic and related issues. For example, students of history will find courses in the history of science to be an important part of social and intellectual history, while students of economic history may be especially interested in the history of technology. For philosophy students, history of science courses form a natural adjunct to issues in the theory of knowledge, philosophy of science and history of philosophy. Students of the humanities with particular interests in the physical or biological sciences, technology, engineering, mathematics, or medicine will naturally be interested in HPS courses, and students in these scientific disciplines will benefit from the broad historical and philosophical perspective on their studies that HPS courses can provide.

Some students may wish to plan their entire programs around a core of HPS courses. The Specialist and Major programs listed are suitable training for graduate study in this field, and for elementary and secondary school teaching, museum and library work, science writing and editing, and other fields where competence in both science and humanities is valuable. For more information consult the IHPST Undergraduate Handbook, available at the Institute.

Undergraduate Coordinator: Professor M.P. Winsor, Victoria College, Room 322 (978-6280)

Enquiries: Victoria College, Room 316 (978-5397)

Faculty Members

Professor
and Director of the Institute
T.H. Levere, MA, D Phil, FRSC (V)

University Professor

I. Hacking, MA, Ph D, FRSC (V)

Professors
A.R. Jones, BA, Ph D (V) M.P. Winsor, M Phil, Ph D (V)
P.M.H. Mazumdar, MB, M Tech, Ph D (V)

Associate Professors
B. Baigrie, MA, Ph D (V) M. Hubenstorf, MD, Ph D
C. Fraser, MS, Ph D (V) J. Langins, M Eng, Ph D (V)
B.S. Hall, BA, Ph D (V)

Assistant Professor
S. Hong, MS, Ph D (V)

HPS PROGRAMS

Enrolment in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology programs requires the completion of four courses; no minimum GPA required.

HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE (B.A.)

Specialist program (Hon.B.A.): S16151 (11.5 full courses or their equivalent)
1. Three 200+ series courses in science, choices subject to the approval of the Undergraduate Coordinator
2. HPS 200Y, 250H; PHL/PHI 210Y, 245H
3. 2.5 additional HPS courses. Students may substitute courses in the history of science or the history of thought offered in other departments for up to two courses, with approval of the Undergraduate Coordinator
4. Four PHLI/PHI half-courses in epistemology, logic and formal semantics, philosophy of science
5. One additional 400 series HPS/PHL/PHI course. Of the other HPS/PHL/PHI courses, three must be 300+ series

Major program Major program: M16151 (7 full courses or their equivalent)
1. Two 200+ series courses in science, choices subject to the approval of the Undergraduate Coordinator
2. HPS 200Y, 250H, PHL/PHI 210Y, 245H
3. One 300+ series PHL/PHI course in epistemology, logic and formal semantics, philosophy of science
4. One other HPS 300+ series course

Minor program Minor program: R16151 (4 full courses or their equivalent)
1. HPS 200Y, 250H; PHL/PHI 210Y, 255H
2. One HPS/PHL/PHI 300+ series course

HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (B.A.)

Specialist program (Hon.B.A.): S06651 (11 full courses or their equivalent)
1. Two 100+ series and three 200+ series courses in science, choices subject to the approval of the Undergraduate Coordinator
2. HIS 109Y plus one other course in history, choice subject to the approval of the Undergraduate Coordinator
3. Three HPS courses, of which two may be courses in history of science offered by another department, subject to the approval of the Undergraduate Secretary. CLA 203H will be treated as an HPS course
4. One HPS 400-series course

NOTE: At least three of the above ten courses must be 300+series

Major program Major program: M06651 (7 full courses or their equivalent)
1. Two 200+ series courses in science or technology, choices subject to approval of the Undergraduate Coordinator
2. Five HPS courses, at least two of which must be 300+ series courses; up to two courses in history or the history of science offered in other departments may be substituted with the approval of the Undergraduate Coordinator

Minor program Minor program: R06651 (4 HPS full courses or their equivalent)

Four HPS courses, of which at least one must a 300+ series course. One course may be replaced by a course in the history of science offered by another department, but requires approval of the Undergraduate Coordinator.

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STUDIES (B.A.)

(Program under review, not offered in 1998-99)

Specialist program (Hon.B.A.): S17921 (13 full courses or their equivalent)
1. Five courses, one from each of the life sciences, the physical sciences, mathematics, the social sciences, and the humanities
2. Two 200+ series courses and one 300+ series course in science or engineering, drawn from a single field or several related fields; selections must be approved by the Undergraduate Coordinator
3. Two 200+ series courses and one 300+ series course in humanities or social science drawn from a single field or several related fields; selections must be approved by the Undergraduate Coordinator
4. One 300+ series HPS course
5. One appropriate 400-level course chosen in consultation with the Undergraduate Coordinator

HPS COURSES

(see Section 4 for Key to Course Descriptions)

For Distribution Requirement purposes, some HPS courses are cross-listed; check individual course descriptions.

HPS200Y
Scientific Revolutions 52L, 26T

The culture of the natural sciences, explored through revolutionary bursts of innovation that propelled science in new and sometimes unexpected directions. Although some familiarity with scientific concepts is helpful, the course is designed for students in both the sciences and the humanities.
Exclusion: ERI "Scientific Revolutions"

This counts as a Humanities or Science course

HPS201H
Origins of Western Technology 26L, 13T

Technology and its place in our culture from Antiquity to the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution. Relations between technology and science, religion, the arts, social institutions, and political beliefs.

This is a Humanities course

HPS202H
Technology in the Modern World 26L, 13T

A survey of technical change and its social implications from the Industrial Revolution to the present.
Recommended preparation: HPS201H

This is a Humanities course

HPS250H
Introductory Philosophy of Science 26L, 13T

This course critically examines several influential models of science and ideas of objectivity, rationality, theory change, revolution in science and the growth of scientific knowledge. (A suitable pre-cursor to PHL355H)

This is a Humanities course

HPS299Y
Research Opportunity Program

Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. See Research Opportunity Program for details.

HPS306H
Technology and War 26L

An examination of the tools of war in the Western world from the Middle Ages to World War II, including not only weapons but the means of transportation, communication, and organization used in violent conflict. The effects of war on the development of science and technology.
Exclusion: HPS417H
Recommended preparation: HPS201H/202H or any HIS course

This is a Humanities course

HPS307H
History of Energy 26L, 12T

The history of human control of various sources of energy, including technical developments, scientific theories, and impact on culture and society. Recent debates on fossil fuel and nuclear power examined in historical context.
Recommended preparation: HPS201H/202H or any HIS course

This is a Humanities course

HPS314Y
History of Medicine 52L, 26T

A survey of medical theory and practice from Antiquity to the modern welfare state, with emphasis on social, cultural and political setting.
Exclusion: HPS314H, 315H

This is a Humanities course

HPS323H
Darwinism 26L, 13T

A close examination of the theory advanced in Darwin's Origin of Species, including historical investigation of its development in European thought in general and in Darwin's mind in particular, and the logic and strategy of Darwin's argument. Consideration of the effect of evolutionary ideas on science, religion and social thought in the 19th and 20th centuries, including eugenics, the Scopes trial and sociobiology.
Exclusion: ZOO354Y

This counts as a Humanities or Science course

HPS324H
Natural Science and Social Issues 26L, 13T

Historical examination of the interactions of science (both as body of knowledge and as enterprise) with ideological, political and social issues. The impact of science; attacks on and critiques of scientific expertise as background to contemporary conflicts. Subjects may vary according to students' interests.

This is a Humanities course

HPS333H
Topics in History of Biology 26L, 13T

Classic episodes from the history of physiology, cell theory, embryology, genetics, and molecular biology, including the work of Aristotle, Galen, Harvey, Descartes, Roux, Mendel, Morgan, Watson and Crick.
Exclusion: ZOO354Y
Recommended preparation: HPS323H

This counts as a Humanities or Science course

PHL355H
Philosophy of Science (See "Philosophy")

HPS360H
History of Modern Cosmology 26L, 13T

Conceptions of universe since 1800 with attention to observational sources of changing ideas. History of large telescopes, stellar spectroscopy and radio astronomy. Relativistic conceptions of space and time, models of stellar evolution, discovery of extra-galactic nebulae, Hubble red-shift and microwave background radiation. Philosophical and religious implications are examined.

This counts as a Humanities or Science course

HPS390H
History of Mathematics up to 1700 26L, 13T

A survey of ancient, medieval, and early modern mathematics with emphasis on historical issues. (Offered in alternate years)
Exclusion: HPS309Y, 310Y; MAT220Y, 390H
Prerequisite: At least one full MAT200-level course

This counts as a Humanities or Science course

HPS391H
History of Mathematics after 1700 26L, 13T

A survey of the development of mathematics from 1700 to the present with emphasis on historical issues. (Offered in alternate years)
Exclusion: HPS309Y, 310Y; MAT220Y, 391H
Prerequisite: At least one full MAT200-level course

This counts as a Humanities or Science course

HPS410H
History of Mathematics 26S

An historical survey from pre-Greek to the present. Various themes are emphasized year to year, to show mathematics as changing and evolving. A student could expect to gain an historical overview as well as a sense of the unity of the mathematical sciences.
Prerequisite: HPS309Y/310Y/390H/391H/MAT220Y and permission of instructor

This is a Humanities course

HPS412H
History of the Biological Sciences 26S

Advanced level survey of biological science from ancient Greece to the 20th century emphasizing primary sources analyses.
Prerequisite: HPS200Y/ZOO354Y and permission of instructor
Recommended preparation: BIO150Y/European history/Philosophy

This is a Humanities course

HPS427H
Historical Foundations of Chemistry 26S

The development of chemistry from the Chemical Revolution of Lavoisier to the periodic table of Mendeleev: electro-chemistry, the rise of organic chemistry, classification, valency, structural chemistry.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor

This is a Humanities course

HPS430H
History of Technology I 26S

An advanced survey of the history of technology from Antiquity to the Industrial Revolution.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor
Recommended preparation: HPS201H/202H

This is a Humanities course

HIS431H
History of Technology II 26S

An advanced survey of the history of technology from the Industrial Revolution to modern times.
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor
Recommended preparation: HPS201H/202H

This is a Humanities course

HPS495Y
Individual Studies TBA

A reading and research project in some aspect of history of science and technology, supervised by a faculty member. Projects must be approved by the Institute and are subject to availability of a faculty supervisor.
Prerequisite: Two HPS courses

This is a Humanities course

HPS496H/497H Individual Studies
TBA

A reading and research project in some aspect of the social, cultural or intellectual history of science and technology, supervised by a faculty member. Projects must be approved by the Institute by the previous June for a Fall course or by November for a Spring course, and are subject to availability of a faculty supervisor.
Prerequisite: Two HPS courses

HPS498H/499H Individual Studies
TBA

A reading and research project in some aspect of the development of scientific theory or practice, supervised by a faculty member. Projects must be approved by the Institute by the previous June for a Fall course or by November for a Spring course, and are subject to availability of a faculty supervisor.
Prerequisite: Two HPS courses


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Revised: April 6, 1998

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