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The field of Classics is concerned with the languages, literature, philosophy, myth, religion, politics, and history of Greece and Rome. For the linguist, Greek provides an unbroken tradition from the earliest to modern times, while Latin is the parent of the Romance languages.
Students and lovers of literature are introduced to works in every genre which have contributed form, content, and critical standards to every European literature. The philosopher encounters the seminal ideas of European philosophy clearly and simply expressed. The political scientist observes a people passionately interested in the theory and practice of politics who explored the possibilities of elitist governing groups, despotism, and democracy, singly and in a variety of combinations, in national, federal, and imperial contexts. The student of religion discovers a rich variety of religious experience, interesting in itself and for its formative influence upon Christianity and Islam. The historian surveying an entire civilisation can compare it with our own and can trace the evolution of a great social experiment from its first creative phase through its mature achievement to its final period of consolidation and obsolescence. Our understanding of the present is enhanced by understanding these formative influences from the past.
The Department of Classics welcomes students of all academic backgrounds who wish to take courses in the field but do not wish to specialise in Classical Studies. Even without knowing Greek or Latin, students can profitably study Greek and Roman history or Greek and Latin literature in translation - two areas combined under the designation CLA below. Similarly, the Major and Minor Programs in Classical Civilisation presuppose no knowledge of the classical languages.
Advanced work in Greek and Latin does require study of the basic language courses in sequence. These are listed later in the Calendar under the headings GRK (Greek) and LAT (Latin). The Department of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations (NMC) offers courses in Hellenistic Greek. The Department of Classics also offers courses and a minor program in Modern Greek Language and Literature. The courses are listed under the heading "MGR".
The Department of Classics publishes a handbook which may be obtained from the departmental office; information about the Department is also available on the World Wide Web: http://www.chass.utoronto.ca:/classics.
Undergraduate Co-ordinator:i H.J. Mason, 16 Hart House Circle, Room 118 (978-4848)
Enquiries: 16 Hart House Circle, Room 125 (978-5698). The Department of Classics expects to move to: 97 St. George Street during 1998-99.
Enrolment in the programs listed below is open to students who have completed four courses; no minimum GPA is required.
CLASSICAL CIVILISATION (B.A.)Specialist program: S03821 (12 full courses or their equivalent, including at least one 400-series course)
1. CLA 160Y/230H, 231H
2. Eight CLA courses at the 200+ level, including at least three at the 300-level, one at the 400-level
3. Three courses in GRK or LAT
Major program: M03821 (6 full courses or their equivalent)
Minor program: R03821 (4 full courses or their equivalent)
CLASSICS (B.A.)Specialist program: S09621 (13 full courses or their equivalent, including at least one 400-series course)
1. CLA 160Y/230H, 231H
2. Twelve GRK/LAT courses including five in each of GRK and LAT; four GRK/LAT courses must be at the 300+ level, and include GRK 330H, LAT 330H, and one course at the 400-level
Major program: M09621 (7 full courses or their equivalent)
NOTE: NMC courses in Hellenistic Greek may be substituted for GRK courses in Classics and Greek programs
Major program: M21231 (6 full courses or their equivalent)
Minor program: R21231 (4 full courses or their equivalent)
GREEK AND PHILOSOPHY (B.A.)Consult Departments of Classics and Philosophy. Specialist program: S10471 (12 full courses or their equivalent with one full course at the 400-level)
Six courses in Philosophy including at least two at the 300+ level and including PHL/PHI 200Y; PHL/PHI 303H, 304H, 400H
It is strongly recommended that the additional courses include Logic (half-course), Epistemology/Metaphysics (1 full course), Ethics/Social and Political (half-course)
Major program: M14511 (6 full courses or their equivalent)
Minor program: R14511 (4 full courses or their equivalent)
MODERN GREEK (B.A.) See MGR: MODERN GREEK PROGRAMSection 4 for Key to Course Descriptions)
For Distribution Requirement purposes, all CLA courses are classified as HUMANITIES courses.
Undergraduate seminar that focuses on specific ideas, questions, phenomena or controversies, taught by a regular Faculty member deeply engaged in the discipline. Open only to newly admitted first year students. It may serve as a breadth requirement course; see First Year Seminars: 199Y.
The World Literature Program also includes courses from this department; see under WLD
NOTE CLA courses do not require knowledge of Greek or Latin.
An introduction to major themes in the development of Greek and Roman civilisation, literature and culture.
The study of technical and scientific terms derived from Latin and Greek: word elements, formation, analysis. The course is designed to give students in any field of specialisation a better grasp of the derivation and basic meaning of English words derived from Latin and Greek elements.
The human and social climate in which prose fiction arose; the Greek romances of love and adventure (Heliodorus, Longus, Chariton), and the more ironical and socially conscious works of the Roman writers (Petronius, The Satyricon, and Apuleius, The Golden Ass); parallels with modern literature.
The first scientific traditions in the classical Mediterranean and the Near East, with emphasis on Greek science. Discussions of early physical science, biology, mathematics, and astronomy, and their place in ancient life and thought, based on primary sources in translation. Designed for students in both the sciences and humanities.
A survey of the myths and legends of ancient Greece (and their extension to Rome) with some consideration of their role in ancient and modern literature and art.
The divine and heroic myths of the Graeco-Roman world, with special attention to the use of myth and legend in literature and art, religious ideas and practices associated with myth, and comparisons with related mythologies.
Greek and Latin in the development of the English language. History of the contact between the classical languages and English. Latin and Greek roots combining forms and inflectional patterns. Cognates, derivatives, doublets and hybrids.
A survey of the position of women in ancient Greece and Rome, with focus on women's sexuality and socialisation; their economic, religious, and political roles; and their creative production in the arts. (Offered in alternate years)
This course studies the various images of women presented in the literature of Graeco-Roman antiquity. (Offered in alternate years)
A survey of ancient Greek history from the Bronze Age to the second century B.C.
A survey of the salient political, social, and cultural developments in Roman history from the mythical beginnings to the third century A.D.
Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. See Research Opportunity Program for details.
Greek drama from the origins of tragedy in the sixth century to New Comedy, with close study of selected plays of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes, and Menander, and attention to Aristotle's Poetics.
The Iliad and the Odyssey, with comparative study of related texts.
The Aeneid and its place in the classical tradition of epic.
A detailed study of the major modern approaches to the analysis and interpretation of myth with specific reference to their applications to ancient Graeco-Roman myth.
Recommended Preparation: CLA204H/205Y/comparable background in the study of myth
Topics vary from year to year.
An examination of the household in Greek literature and thought, including relations of women, children, and slaves to the master of the household and the roles of persons of different status in the community.
The age of Cicero, Pompey, and Caesar, dominated by the developing crisis of senatorial government and culminating in civil war.
Roman law with emphasis on how it reflected community values. The nature of Roman legal reasoning. The historical development of Roman law against the background of the evolution of Roman society and Roman power.
Aspects of life in the golden age of Greece.
The history of the Roman Empire from the establishment of the Principate to Commodus: political and military history, social and economic structure; culture and religion.
The history of the Roman Empire from the Severi to Theodosius the Great. The crisis of the third century, the new empire of Diocletian and Constantine, and the world of Ammianus Marcellinus.
Greek and Roman historical writing from its beginnings to the period of the Roman Empire. Attention to the development of the historiographical tradition, to contrasts of approach to the writing of history, to the aims and methods of the major historians (Herodotus, Thucydides, Livy, Tacitus among others).
The history and culture of the Roman Empire from Theodosius to Justinian, concentrating on the interplay of modern interpretations and ancient evidence.
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