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The Archaeology Program focuses on the study of past human societies primarily through their material remains, or "material culture." Archaeologists explore the nature of and changes in past cultures around the world through survey, excavation and analyses of stone tools, pottery, bones, plant remains, architecture and other cultural residues. Some of the major research foci of archaeologists are the nature of hunter-gatherer technology and economy in the Pleistocene, the origins of agriculture, pastoralism, urbanism and politically complex states, the workings of ancient exchange systems, and the development of class-based and gender-based political and economic inequalities in complex societies. Working archaeologists often specialize geographically, chronologically or thematically. Classical archaeologists, for example, specialize in the cultures of the ancient Greco-Roman world, while palaeoethnobotanists explore ways that botanical residues of ancient and prehistoric cultures can inform us about their economies and social systems. The specialist programs allow students to explore archaeology in a multidisciplinary setting.
Students in either specialist program should consult the program coordinator or faculty members in their intended areas of specialization for advice on the selection of courses. Those intending to go on to graduate studies should pay particular attention to language requirements at the graduate level.
The Archaeology Specialist (B.A.) is designed for students in the Social Sciences or Humanities, who may be interested in such fields as prehistoric, Aegean, Classical, historical and Near and Middle Eastern archaeology. See details below. Students interested in pursuing graduate studies should combine it with study of the ancient and modern languages relevant to their primary area of interest.
The Prehistoric Archaeology Major (B.A.) is designed for students whose interests are in prehistoric archaeology, and who want to combine it with a Major in a field not traditionally associated with archaeology. See details below.
The Archaeological Science Specialist (B.Sc.) allows students with science backgrounds to obtain training in areas of study related to archaeometry, geoarchaeology, osteoarchaeology, paleoethnobotany, and other archaeological sciences. See details below.
The Archaeological Science Major (B.Sc.) allows students doing a Major in the mathematical or life sciences to combine that Major with training in archaeological sciences. See details below.
Students are encouraged to seek counselling and information about this program from the Undergraduate Secretary, Mrs. C. Farquhar, Anthropology (978-6414).
1. Enrolment in the Archaeology programs is open to students who have completed four full course equivalents.
2. Only ONE Archaeology Program may be selected.
ARCHAEOLOGY SPECIALIST (Hon.B.A.)
Specialist Program: S01551 (12 full courses or equivalent, including at least one 400+series course)
PREHISTORIC ARCHAEOLOGY MAJOR (B.A.)
Major Program: M01801 (7 full courses or equivalent, including at least two 300+series courses)
ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE (B.Sc.)
Specialist Program: S02101 (14 full courses or equivalent, including at least one 400+series course)
Major Program: M02101 (7 full courses or equivalent, including at least two 300+series courses)
Group A (Theory): ANT 406H, 409H, 411H, 417H, 420H; HIS 425H
Group B (Paleoethnobotany): BOT 300H, 307H, 310H, 341H, 434H; GGR 302H, 305H, 310H, 331H, 390H; HIS 318Y
Group C (Classical and Aegean Archaeology): CLA 230H, 231H, 331H, 334H, 345H, 351H, 352H, 378H; FAH 202Y, 203H, 204H, 209H, 300H, 302H, 305H, 419H, 422H, 423H, 424H, 425H; HIS 320Y, 436Y; NMC 470Y
Group E (Egyptian Archaeology): JAL 328H; NMC 362H, 371Y, 382H, 461Y
Group G (Geoarchaeology): ANT 409H; ENV 335H; GGR 302H, 307H, 337H, 373H, 390H, 401H, 413H; GLG 340H, 360H, 365H
Group H (Historical Archaeology): GGR 336H, 366H, 392H, 446H; HIS 362Y, 365H, 371H, 384Y, 410Y
Group I (Islamic Archaeology): NMC 365Y, 366Y, 373H, 374Y, 375Y, 376H, 390Y, 391Y
Group K (European and Celtic Archaeology): ANT 414H; HIS 320Y, 322Y, 325Y; SMC 260H, 344Y, 345Y
Group M (Mesopotamian Archaeology): JAL 328H, NMC 363H, 372Y, 461Y
Group N (North American Prehistory): ANT 309H, 315H, 317H, 365Y; HIS 410Y
Group O (Old World Prehistory): ANT 408H, 414H, 419H; GGR 310H; NMC 360H
Group P (Archaeology of Syria-Palestine): NMC 361Y, 370Y, 461Y
Group R (Archaeometry): CHM 314Y, 414H, 416H, 428Y, 439Y; ENV 335H; GGR 337H; JPA 400Y
Group S (Archaeology of South and Central America): HIS 456Y
Group Z (Osteoarchaeology and Zooarchaeology): ANT 332Y, 334Y, 415Y, 428H, 429Y, 434H, 435H;
ZOO 324Y, 366H, 367HSection 4 for Key to Course Descriptions)
Transforming archaeological results into statements about people and their life ways. Covers basic archaeological theory, including research design, sampling, stratigraphy, seriation, formation and testing or evaluation of hypotheses, regional analyses. Introduces some of the major schools of archaeological theory, including New Archaeology and Post-Processual Archaeology.
This is a Social Science course
Techniques for making archaeological data meaningful after excavation or survey. Archaeological measurements, compilation of data, database design, archaeological systematics, and sampling theory in the context of lithics, pottery, floral, faunal and other archaeological remains.
This is a Social Science course
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