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Architecture is both a profession and a discipline of study, offering a broad variety of career opportunities. As a profession it plays a pivotal role in the production of the built environment, bridging the technical and social, practical and theoretical. It is a cultural and artistic practice that is critically engaged with the forces of urbanization and technological change, the challenges of environmental sustainability, and the struggle for cultural expression. It involves the design, production, and organization of material culture from the scale of domestic objects to the scale of the metropolitan region. As such, studies in architecture interact with numerous related disciplines in the social sciences and humanities, as well as engineering, technology and media. These studies prepare students for professional graduate programs in architecture, landscape architecture, planning, and urban design, as well as for careers in related design disciplines, the arts, environment, history, business, journalism, and public policy.
The Architectural Studies Major Program (BA) provides a variety of degree options for students wishing to study architecture as part of a broad liberal arts education or as a specialization. The program serves as an introduction to the discipline of architecture, focused on the state of the art, current issues and emerging practices, considered from critical, theoretical, and historical perspectives. Studio courses in design and visual communication provide opportunities to learn practical, formal, and analytical skills, and are augmented by advanced courses in allied design arts, such as landscape, furniture, graphic, and stage design. Many of the courses will be taken in the School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture where students are able to participate in the studio environment and events programs.
The Major program contains concentrations in Architectural Design or in History, Theory, Criticism. Either option can be pursued. The Architectural Design concentration is intended for students wishing an intensive exposure to architectural design within a broad liberal arts education; the History, Theory, Criticism concentration is intended for students wishing a broad interdisciplinary education in architectural studies but not wishing to pursue design. Introductory courses begin at the first-year level and lead into a sequence of courses in drawing and computer modelling, architectural design, history, theory, and technology. Emphasis is placed on advanced theory and interdisciplinary, since contemporary architecture is inexorably tied to knowledge and practice in urbanism, environmentalism, literature, media, cultural theory, art, science and technology, as well as philosophy, economics, and political science. This program could usefully be combined with a major in other disciplines. Graduates who have completed this program will be eligible for admission into graduate professional programs in architecture, but without advanced standing.
The Architecture Specialist Program (Honours BA) builds on the Architectural Design option and is particularly suitable for students wishing to pursue a professional education in architecture, landscape architecture, and/or urban design. It includes additional courses in design, theory, history, and building technology. Graduates who have completed this program will be eligible to apply for advanced standing by one year in the professional Master of Architecture program at the University of Toronto and at other universities in North America.
Students who are interested in pursuing professional studies in architecture are advised that half credit undergraduate courses in mathematics and in physics are strongly recommended for admission to the Master of Architecture program. For further information regarding admission to this program, consult the calendar of the School of Graduate Studies or contact the School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture.
The School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture sponsors a variety of lectures, exhibitions and other special events for members of the architectural community.
Students should consult the program director for advice on the selection of courses, and are encouraged to seek information about this program from the School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture.
The Architectural Studies and Architecture Programs Director is to be announced. For enquiries contact: School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, 230 College Street (978-5038)
Enrolment in the Architecture Programs requires the completion of four courses including ARC 131H and 132H; no minimum GPA required.
The Specialist includes all the requirements of the Architectural Studies Major with the Architectural Design Concentration (see below) plus the following:
Architectural Studies Major program (B.A.):(8 full courses or their equivalent, including two 300+series courses)
The Major includes the 3.5 Core courses below plus one of the 4.5 course Concentrations below.
Core (3.5 FCE):
Concentration in Architectural Design (4.5 FCE) M20201:
1. Design: ARC 313H, 314H
2. Visual: ARC 321H
3. History: 1.0 FCE from: HUM 101Y; FAH 203H, 204H, 261H, 265H, 268H, 273H, 274H, 279H, 300H, 302H, 324H, 334H, 337H, 341H, 343H, 353H, 375H, 376H, 377H, 380H, 382H, 400H, 405H, 410H, 413H, 419H, 423H, 425H, 429H, 444H; NMC 390Y, 391H, 392H; ARC 417H
4. Technics: one of ARC 341H, 342H
5. 1.5 FCE from one of the Groups A, B, C, D, or E listed below. Students are encouraged to take additional courses from these Groups beyond the Major to fulfill degree requirements.
Concentration in History, Theory, Criticism (4.5 FCE) M23901:
3. 2.0 FCE from one of the Groups A, B, C, D, and E listed below. Students are encouraged to take additional courses from these Groups beyond the Major to fulfill degree requirements.
Group A (Literary): ENG 259Y; JEF 100Y; VIC 110Y, 210Y, 300Y, 310Y, 410Y; WLD 200Y, 300Y
Group B (Urban): GGR 124Y, 220Y, 339H, 361H; INI 235Y, 306Y, 430Y; ARC 435H, 436H
Group C (Environ): ENV 221Y, 321Y; GGR 101Y, 233Y; INI 220Y, 320Y, 331H; ARC 433H, 434H
Group D (Sci/Tech): HPS 201H, 202H, 306H, 307H, 430H, 431H
Group E (Media): INI 115Y, 321H, 322H, 325Y; VIC 320YSection 4 for Key to Course Descriptions)
For Distribution Requirement purposes, ARC courses are classified as Humanities courses.
A comprehensive introduction to the discipline, art and profession of architecture using case studies, both historical and contemporary, local and international.
An introductory survey of contemporary international architecture that examines how design is responding to technological change, environmental degradation, accelerating globalization of economy and media, and the politics of regional and cultural identity.
Introduction to architectural design conducted in a studio setting using a series of design projects that develop students' understanding of and skills with fundamental aspects of designing buildings and their environments.
An introduction to architectural drawing and representation in various media.
A selected survey of projects in the history of architecture exemplary for exploring the relationship between architecture and technological change.
An introduction to the interrelationship between architectural theory and studies in media and communications during the twentieth century.
An introduction to the emerging field of research in history and theory concerning the role of architecture, urban design and allied design areas in the relationship between western and non-western nations during and after the period of colonialism.
An introduction to contemporary issues in architecture pertaining to cultural difference, the politics of cultural identity, and possible structures and strategies for heterogeneity.
An introductory course to architectural criticism that reviews the writings of major critics, the history of criticism in architecture and the use of alternative critical perspectives.
A second introduction to architectural design conducted in a studio setting using a series of design projects that develop students' understanding of and skills with fundamental aspects of designing buildings and their environments.
A third introduction to architectural design conducted in a studio setting using a series of design projects that develop students' understanding of and skills with fundamental aspects of designing buildings and their environments.
An intermediate course in various forms of architectural representation and formal analysis.
An introduction to building technology considered historically, in its relation to design theory, and its relation to the history and theory of technology.
A topic-based course in the history and theory of building science and structures. Prerequisite: ARC231H or permission of instructor
A fourth introduction to architectural design conducted in a studio setting using a series of design projects that develop students' understanding of and skills with fundamental aspects of designing buildings and their environments.
An introduction to modern and contemporary graphic design, using a combination of lectures and workshops to trace the history of graphic design and examine applications in publications, presentations and architectural graphics.
Comprised of lectures and workshop projects, this course is a detailed exploration of the history, theory and practice of nineteenth and twentieth century furniture design.
An introduction to the history and theory of set design for television that uses the facilities of the Broadcast Centre for the CBC as a setting and resource.
Urban housing forms and processes since 1800. Contemporary housing theories and policies in the context of world issues. Design principles, criteria and practice investigated through case studies.
An introduction to selected projects, writings and issues in contemporary world architecture considered from an historical perspective and in the context of changing technologies, ecologies and cultural formations.
A second introduction to selected projects, writings and issues in contemporary world architecture considered from an historical perspective and in the context of changing technologies, ecologies and cultural formations.
An introduction to selected projects and practices, theories and issues in contemporary urban design considered from an historical perspective and in the context of changing forces and paradigms of urbanization, technology, ecology and culture.
A selective survey of the interrelationships between theories and practices of landscape, ecology, and urbanism from the mid-eighteenth century to the late twentieth.
Study of landscape architecture elements in gardens, public open space, parks, and urban development. Fosters an understanding of landscape architecture considering examples from ancient to modern times. Places historical positions in landscape architecture within a more contemporary context. Landscape architectural design from the standpoint of: a work of art, a manifestation of cultural ideologies, and an act of humans in "nature."
The nature and origin of theories and principles in contemporary landscape architecture through lectures, seminar discussions and workshops. Design problems and the historic relationship to landscape issues; alternative design methods and characteristics of design motivations, constraints and expression in landscape as a media of practice.
An introduction to the technical conditions and ecological contexts of architectural production, including construction methods and materials, structural, mechanical and electrical systems, principles of building enclosure design and life safety provisions. This course introduces all areas of the technical curriculum that will be treated in subsequent courses.
Principles of building envelope design. Properties of building materials.
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