Arts & Science Calendar 1998-99: Table of Contents: Programs and Courses
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ANT Department of Anthropology

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Anthropology is concerned with human biological, social, and cultural development. This very broad interest has led to the division of the discipline into four distinctive areas of research.

Archaeology studies surviving evidence of people's activities in the past. From the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts uncovered, archaeologists draw conclusions about the organization of social groups, their adaptations to environment, and their spatial and temporal relations. General research topics include the origins of culture and technology, adaptations in the Ice Age, the peopling of the New World, development of food production and political inequality in the Old and New Worlds.

Linguistic and Semiotic Anthropology studies how language and other systems of human communication contribute to the reproduction, transmission, and transformation of culture. It is concerned with the role of language and other communicative systems in reproducing and transforming such aspects of society as power relations, ideology, subcultural expression, as well as class, gender and ethnic identity.

Physical Anthropology is the study of the biological diversity of humans, the history of this diversity, and the biological relationships between humans and non-human primates. Major foci in Physical Anthropology include Human Biology, the study of modern humans; Osteology, the study of the human skeleton; Paleoanthropology, the study of human evolution; and Primatology, the study of non-human primates. Physical anthropologists integrate biological and social variables in their explanations of the effects of evolution on humans and other primates.

Social and Cultural Anthropology: traditionally, Social Anthropology dealt with non-literate and isolated societies, which could be observed in their totality. Today, many social anthropologists also study such aspects of complex societies as peasantry, ethnic minorities, and industrial work groupings. Institutions and models of social behaviour are compared cross-culturally to establish more general concepts and theories.

Careers in Anthropology emphasize either theoretical, academic aspects or practical applications. Most institutions involved in teaching and research require anthropologists with a Ph.D. For practical applications, at least an M.A. is usually required.

Courses in anthropology provide a unique grounding and can be fruitfully combined with courses in a wide variety of other disciplines.

The Anthropology Student Association (ASA) compiles course evaluations published annually in the Arts and Science Student Union (ASSU) Anti-calendar.

Undergraduate Secretary/Student Counsellor: Mrs. C. Farquhar, Sidney Smith Hall, Rm. 1030 (978-6414)

Faculty Members

Professors Emeriti
W.P. Carstens, BA, Ph D (U) S. Nagata, MA, Ph D (U)
J.J. Chew, MA, Ph D A.K. Ray, M Sc, Ph D
R.B. Drewitt, Ph D T.E. Reed, BA, Ph D
M.R. Kleindienst, MA, Ph D (E) W.J. Samarin, BA, Ph D
J. Mavalwala, M Sc, Ph D R.M. Vanderburgh, MA, Ph D (E)
T.F.S. McFeat, AM, Ph D (S) W. Weissleder, MA, Ph D

Professor and Acting Chair of the Department
H.V. Luong, MA, Ph D

F.D. Burton, MA, Ph D (S) S.B. Philpott, MA, Ph D
G.W. Crawford, MA, Ph D (E) R.W. Shirley, M Sc, Ph D (S)
M.J. Lambek, MA, Ph D (S) B.A. Sigmon, MS, Ph D (E)
R.B. Lee, MA, Ph D, FRSC G.A. Smith, MA, Ph D (U)
F.J. Melbye, MA, Ph D (E) D.H. Turner, BA, Ph D (T)

Associate Professors
E.B. Banning, MA, Ph D (U) M.A. Latta, MA, Ph D (S)
D.R. Begun, MA, Ph D M.D. Levin, MA, Ph D (N)
J.P. Boddy, MA, Ph D (S) L.R. Reinhardt, BFA, MA, Ph D (E)
G.G. Coupland, MA, Ph D L.A. Sawchuk, MA, Ph D (S)
G.S. Gillison, BA, Ph D (S, T) K. Sieciechowicz, MA, Ph D (U)
I. Kalmar, MA, Ph D (W, V) P.L. Stuart-Macadam, MA, Ph D (U)

Assistant Professors
M. Chazan, M Phil, Ph D B. McElhinny, MA, Ph D
T.M. Friesen, MA, Ph D D.G. Smith, MA, Ph D (E)
M. Gagnon, M Sc, Ph D


Enrolment in the Anthropology programs is open to students who have completed four full course- equivalents.


Specialist program (Hon.B.A.): S17751 (11 full courses or their equivalent, including at least one 400-series course)
1. ANT 100Y
2. Three 200+ series ANT courses from one of Groups A, B, C, D, E, F (NOTE: Groups A and B (Archaeology) and E and F (Social/Cultural) are considered single Groups for purposes of this Program)
3. Three 200+ series ANT courses from Groups other than the one chosen in 2. (above)
4. Four additional ANT courses with at least one full course at the 400-level

Major program Major program: M17751 (7 ANT full courses or their equivalent: including ANT 100Y and at least three 300+ series courses)

Minor program Minor program: R17751 (4 ANT full courses or their equivalent: of which at least one must be 300+ series course)


Major program: M11951 (7 full courses or their equivalent, including at least two 300+ series courses)
1. ANT 100Y
2. JAL 253H, 254H
3. Three courses from Group C (VIC 220Y may be substituted for one full course)
5. Two additional ANT courses


Major program: M15101 (7 full courses or their equivalent, including at least two 300+series courses)
First Year: BIO 150Y

First or Second Year: ANT 203Y
Higher Years:
1. At least 2 courses from ANT 332Y, 333Y, 334Y, 337Y
2. Two other courses from Group D
3. One 300+series course from another ANT Group

ANTHROPOLOGY (SOCIAL/CULTURAL) (Hon.B.A.) Specialist program: S21121 (11 full courses or their equivalent, including at least one 400-series course)
1. ANT 100Y
2. ANT 204Y, one from ANT 200Y, 203Y, (JAL 253H, 254H)
3. Two courses from Group E
4. Two courses from Group F
5. Two courses from Group E or F with at least one full course at the 400-level (one of ANT 323H or 329Y may be substituted)
6. Two additional ANT courses

ANTHROPOLOGICAL SCIENCES (Hon.B.Sc.) Specialist program: S01311 (14 full courses or their equivalent, including at least one 400-series course)
First Year:
1. BIO 150Y; JGF 150Y
2. One of: MAT 135Y/137Y/157Y/CHM 137Y/PHY 110Y/138Y
Second Year:
1. ANT 200Y, 203Y; ENV 236Y/(GGR 201H, GLG 216H/217H)
2. One statistics course from: GGR 270Y/STA(220H, 221H)/STA(250H, 255H)/STA 262Y/JBS 229H
Third and Fourth Years:
1. One 300+series ANT course from Group A
2. One 300+series ANT course from Group B
3. Two of ANT 332Y, 334Y, 337Y
4. One 300+series ANT course from Groups C, E, or F
5. Two full course equivalents from the following: ANA 300Y; ANT 328H, 330Y, 333Y, 415Y, 428H, 429Y, 433H, 434H, 435H; BIO 250Y, 260H; BOT 300H, 307H, 310H, 341H, 434H; CHM 222Y, 225Y, 240Y, 248Y, 338H, 347H; GGR 201H, 205H, 272H, 273H, 302H, 305H, 310H, 390H; GLG 206H, 216H, 217H, 360H, 365H; JGB 310H; JPA 400Y; MGB 311Y, 312H, 470H; ZOO 263Y, 324Y, 325H, 328H, 329H, 332H, 362H, 364H, 365H, 366H, 367H, 388H, 389H

Group A: (Archaeology: Area): ANT 299Y, 309H, 315H, 352H, 414H, 417H, 419H, 498H, 499H Group B: (Archaeology: Theory): ANT 200Y, 299Y, 311Y, 406H, 407H, 408H, 409H, 411H, 415Y, 420H, 498H, 499H, ARH 305H, 312Y; JPA 305H, 310H, 400Y

Group C: (Linguistics): ANT 299Y, 323H, 329Y, 425H, 427H, 444Y, 498H, 499H; JAL 253H, 254H, 328Y, 355H, 356H, 401H

Group D: (Physical): ANT 203Y, 299Y, 328H, 330Y, 332Y, 333Y, 334Y, 337Y, 428H, 429Y, 433H, 434H, 435H, 498H, 499H

Group E: (Social-Cultural: Area): ANT 299Y, 325Y, 344Y, 345Y, 362Y, 364Y, 365Y, 446H, 447H, 451H, 453H, 456H, 498H, 499H; JAP 356H

Group F: (Social-Cultural: Theory): ANT 204Y, 299Y, 340H, 341H, 342Y, 343Y, 346H, 347H, 348Y, 351H, 360Y, 363Y, 367H, 440H, 441H, 444Y, 448H, 449H, 450H, 461Y, 498H, 499H


: Anthropology offers both Social Science and Science Courses; listed below are first the Social Science courses, then the Science courses.


(see Section 4 for Key to Course Descriptions)

First Year Seminar 52T

Undergraduate seminar that focuses on specific ideas, questions, phenomena or controversies, taught by a regular Faculty member deeply engaged in the discipline. Open only to newly admitted first-year students. It may serve as a breadth requirement course; see First Year Seminars: 199Y.

Introduction to Anthropology 52L, 35T

Society and culture from various anthropological perspectives: socio-cultural, biological, archaeological, and linguistic.

Introduction to Prehistoric Archaeology 52L, 26P

Cultures in the Old and New Worlds from an archaeological perspective. Principles of prehistoric research are applied to archaeological information, from the Early Pleistocene to the beginning of written history.

Recommended Preparation: ANT100Y

Social and Cultural Anthropology 52L, 26T

Basic approaches to the understanding of social and cultural organization in societies of varying complexity. Comparative social institutions: economic, political, familial, and ritual. Belief systems and symbolic thought, the individual in society, sources of stability and change in socio-cultural systems. Anthropological perspectives on current social issues.
Recommended preparation: ANT100Y

Language and Society (formerly JAL252Y) 26L, 13T

The study of the relationship between language and society with the goal of understanding social structure through language; major themes are multilingual societies, including pidgin and creoles, and social interaction through speech. (Given by the Departments of Anthropology and Linguistics)
Prerequisite: ANT100Y/LIN100Y/200Y

Sociolinguistics (formerly JAL252Y) 26L, 13T

The study of language structure through its social functions; major themes are social correlates of linguistic variation, including language and gender, and the social origins of sound change. (Given by the Departments of Anthropology and Linguistics)
Prerequisite: JAL253H

Research Opportunity Program

Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. See page 46 for details.

Archaeological Interpretation (See "ARH: Archaeology Program")

Archaeology of Western North America 26L

A survey of human prehistory in culture areas west of the Rockies, focussing on developmental sequences and evolutionary trends. (Complements ANT317H)
Prerequisite: ANT200Y

Archaeological Fieldwork TBA

Practical field training through six weeks of excavation on an archaeological site. Basic principles of artifact handling and classification. (Offered only in Summer Session)
Prerequisite: ANT200Y

Archaeological Laboratory (See "ARH: Archaeology Program")

Arctic Archaeology 26L

Archaeology and ethnohistory of Arctic cultures. Emphasis is on variation in social organization, settlement pattern, economy, ideology, and interaction with the expanding European world-system.
Prerequisite: ANT200Y

Expressions of Popular Culture 26L, 13T

How popular culture transforms and maintains social structure. Case studies may include the newscast, situation comedies, romance novels, comic books, hip-hop culture etc.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y/JAL253H/VIC120Y or one other 200+ course in ANT/SOC/POL/Women's Studies

Southern Africa: Comparative Societies and Institutions 52L

The Southern African peoples before, during, and after their domination by colonial regimes. Reserve systems, migratory labour, farm labour, urban life and social stratification.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Genetics and Society 26L

For the Twenty-first century, the most important facts regarding genetics are those that have social, political, medical and ethical implications. Topics include: Darwinism, biological communication between generations, gene interaction, selection formulation, population genetics, human diversity, mating system in man, race, eugenics and euphenics, nature and nurture.
Exclusion: ANT431H

Literacy and Writing Systems (formerly JAL328Y) 26L

Introduction to writing systems (their historical development and their relationship to sound and meaning) and the role of literacy in culture and society. (Given by the Departments of Anthropology and Linguistics)
Prerequisite: ANT100Y/LIN100Y

Language and Power Structure (formerly ANT329H) 26L

The role of language and symbolism in the representation and manipulation of ideology and power structure. Case materials drawn from the study of verbal arts, gender, law, ethnic relations, consumption patterns, advertising, and politics with a focus on North America.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y/JAL253H/VIC120Y or one of 200+ series "Y" course in SOC/POL/Women's Studies

Political Anthropology 26L

Comparative analysis of political institutions and processes in societies of varying complexity.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Anthropological Theories of Religion 26L

Anthropological theories on ritual, belief, and symbolism. Explores continuity and change in systems of meaning in different societies.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Kinship, Marriage, and the Family (formerly ANT342H) 52L

Examines kinship, marriage and family ties as a basis for social and economic organization. Contemporary Canadian patterns are contrasted with those in selected band and tribal societies.
Exclusion: ANT342H
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Social Anthropology of Gender 52L

Social anthropological perspectives on variations in gender roles and systems. Examines, through comparison of ethnography, the relationship of gender to social organization, economic and political processes, belief systems and social change.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Anthropology of Southeast Asia 52S

Pre-industrial sociocultural types and their transformation in the national development of Southeast Asia.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Social Anthropology of West Africa 52L

Politics, economics, religion, marriage and kinship in traditional, colonial, and contemporary West African societies.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Anthropology of Food 26L

Social anthropological perspective on the nature and meaning of food production, culinary cultures, industrial food, food as metaphor, and famine and hunger.
Prerequisite: ANT100Y/204Y

Urban Anthropology 26L

The role of culture, cultural diversity, space and performance in urban institutions and settings. The cultural context and consequence of urbanization.
Recommended preparation: ANT204Y

Anthropology of Healing (formerly ANT348H) 52L

Examines indigenous traditions of healing which focus on the religious dimension. The organization of healing and restoring ritual and ceremonial contexts is examined. Examples are drawn from North and South America, Australia and some of the mainstream religious traditions.
Exclusion: ANT348H
Prerequisite: ANT204Y/MUS200H/RLG201Y

Ethnographic Film 13L, 26P, 13T

A survey of ethnographic film as a medium for representation of other cultures. Films using different styles and techniques of presentation are viewed. Readings on ethnographic film.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Language and Gender 26L

Ways in which women and men differ in their use of language and in their behaviour in conversational interaction; ways in which language reflects cultural beliefs about women and men. (Given by the Departments of Anthropology and Linguistics)
Prerequisite: Two full course equivalents at the 200-level in ANT/JAL/LIN/SOC
Recommended preparation: ANT204Y/JAL253H/254H/NEW261Y/SOC200Y/202Y/ 214Y/ 215Y

Language Variation 26L

Linguistic variation and its social significance, especially markers of social class, sex and age; applications of statistics and other quantitative methods for correlating linguistic and social variables. (Given by the Departments of Anthropology and Linguistics)
Prerequisite: JAL254H

African Systems of Thought 26L

The course explores a range of African cosmologies, epistemologies, and theologies, as well as specific case studies on justice, the moral order, and gender relations. The influence of these richly diverse traditions is traced as well in the writings of African thinkers in the Diaspora. Jointly taught by the Departments of Anthropology and Philosophy
Prerequisite: ANT204Y/NEW150Y
Recommended preparation: Introductory courses in ANT, PHL or NEW: African Studies

Religion, Music and Society 52L

Relationship between religion, music and society from an anthropological point of view. Focus on societies where music is seen as a principle vehicle for religious expression and social reproduction. Selected indigenous societies compared to so-called world religions.
Exclusion: ANT348Y
Prerequisite: ANT204Y/MUS200H/RLG201Y

Social Anthropology of India 52L

Basic features of Indian society and culture: caste, class, family and kinship, ritual, sex roles, agricultural organization, urbanization, industrialization, and emigration.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y/MUS200H/RLG201Y

Anthropology of State Societies 52L, 26T

Origins, history and internal dynamics of early and modern state societies, examined with a view to placing our own socio-political system in an historical and comparative perspective. Case studies include material from Africa, Asia, the Americas and early modern Europe.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y
Recommended preparation: ANT100Y/an introductory course in POL/SOC

Melanesia (formerly ANT364H) 52L

A survey of Melanesian societies with emphasis on Papua New Guinea's classic regional issues of sexual segregation and antagonism. Warfare, initiation rites, male cults, recent work on women's lives and social change.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Aboriginal Societies of North America (formerly ANT241Y) 52L, 26T

Culture areas and types existing in precontact and early contact times in North America; problems arising out of contacts between North American Indians and Euroamericans.
Exclusion: ANT241Y
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Religion in Comparative Perspective 26L

Various cross-cultural perspectives of religious beliefs and practices in both small-scale, non-literate societies that are the classic terrain of anthropology, and in complex, literate traditions.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Field Linguistics 52P

Practice in language analysis based on elicited data from a native speaker of a foreign language, emphasizing procedures and techniques. (Given by the Departments of Anthropology and Linguistics)
Prerequisite: LIN228H, 229H, 231H, 232H

Lithic Analysis 26L,13P

Core reduction strategies, replication, experimental archaeology, use-wear, design approaches, ground stone, inferring behaviour from lithic artifacts.
Prerequisite: ANT200Y, ARH312Y/(ANT413H), ARH305H/(ANT416H)

Ceramic Analysis 26L,13P

Potters' strategies, clay and temper preparation, pot-building techniques, thin-section analysis, NAA, residue analysis, use-wear on pots, style and decoration in pots, inferring social systems through pottery distributions, inferring exchange systems etc.
Prerequisite: ARH305H, 312Y
Recommended preparation: GLG100H/GLG219H

Archaeology and Ethnoarchaeology of Pastoralism 26L

Recent research on the origins and adaptation of early pastoralists. Modern pastoralist studies and interpretations of the archaeological record. Location and recognition of pastoral sites, interpretation of faunal remains, interaction between pastoralists and agriculturalists, and the role of pastoralists in cultural change. Normally offered every three years.
Prerequisite: ANT200Y

Regional Analysis in Archaeology 26L,13P

The survey and spatial analysis of archaeological evidence over territories larger than individual camps, villages or towns. Settlement systems, regional exchange and communication, rank-size analysis, nearest neighbour analysis etc.
Prerequisite: ARH305H
Recommended preparation: GGR270Y

Advanced Archaeological Theory 26L, 6T

Seminar in the critical examination of major schools of archaeological thought.
Prerequisite: ARH305H

Topics in Holocene Prehistory: Western Eurasia 26L

The development and state of research in the late prehistory of Europe and Southwest Asia (ca. 10,000-500 B.C.) Broad cultural developments, such as post-Pleistocene adaptations of hunter-foragers, development and spread of agriculture, and rise of economic inequality and political complexity.
Prerequisite: ANT200Y

Archaeology of Settlements and Households 26L

Methods for studying the socio-spatial aspects of the archaeological evidence for households and communities.
Prerequisite: ANT200Y, ARH305H

Old World Archaeology: Palaeolithic 26L

Examination of the origin and evolution of culture during the Pleistocene.
Prerequisite: ANT200Y

Archaeology of Complex Societies 26L

How social complexity is manifested in the archaeological record. Origins and evolution of prehistoric complex societies, from small-scale chiefdoms to large-scale states.
Prerequisite: ANT200Y, ARH305H,
Recommended preparation: ANT363Y

Language in Anthropological Thought (formerly ANT425Y) 26L

How ideas about language fit into the overall views of humankind as expressed by selected anthropologists, linguists, sociologists, and philosophers.
Exclusion: ANT425Y
Prerequisite: ANT204Y/JAL253H

Language, Ideology, and Political Economy 26S

The role of language in the reproduction and transformation of ideology and political economy. Readings include linguistic analyses of gender and class relations in local and global contexts, as well as seminal works in linguistics and other social sciences.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y/JAL253H

Palaeonutrition 26L

Diet as part of the interaction between a population and its environment, reconstruction of the nutritional status of past populations. Methods and theories of reconstructing palaeonutrition; skeletal indicators of nutritional stress.
Prerequisite: ANT203Y

Society in Transition 26L

The study of various theoretical approaches to processes of social change and cultural differentiation, as well as historical and contemporary case studies.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Economic Anthropology 26L

Concepts, theories and controversies in economic anthropology.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Research Methods in Social and Linguistic Anthropology 52S

Social and linguistic anthropological approaches to research in urban settings. Methodology, field techniques and research ethics. Students must formulate and complete a field research project.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

History and Place in Western Europe (formerly ANT446Y) 26S

The extent to which the conventional methods of ethnography can be helpful in understanding Western European society. Compares anthropological approaches to other disciplines, especially social history. Examines how the increasing movement of people has made it more difficult to see ethnography in terms of the study of place, and explores other alternatives.
Exclusion: ANT446Y
Prerequisite: ANT204Y/EUR200Y

Aboriginal Australia (formerly ANT447Y) 26S

Social and cultural anthropology of oceanic peoples including the Australian and New Zealand aborigines.
Exclusion: ANT447Y
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Identity, Ethnicity and Culture 26S

An examination of theories and critique of ethnicity and nationalism from an anthropological perspective. The problem of the cultural context of ethnicity. Case studies.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y and one 300-level course in Social Cultural Anthropology

Anthropology of Regional Underdevelopment (formerly ANT449Y) 26L

The contribution of ethnographic study to the understanding of regional disparities within Western and Third World nations. The inter-relationship between persistent economic underdevelopment, expressions of regional identity and class formation by reference to comparative ethnographic examples.
Exclusion: ANT449Y
Prerequisite: ANT204Y/EUR200Y

Environment and Culture (formerly ANT450Y) 26S

Comparative examination of human ecological adaptations, livelihood strategies, spiritual and cultural values and their relation to environmental maintenance or degradation. Explores contemporary "grass roots" environmental movements and ideologies.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

West Indian Societies 26S

Major social issues in Caribbean societies. Pre-conquest social organization, slavery, race and class, plantation and peasant organization, family structure, cultural pluralism and the nation state, rural and international migration, social change.
Exclusion: ANT443Y
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

Sub-Arctic Issues 26S

Major issues in the history and development of Sub-Arctic Native people of Canada: Indian social structure, European/Native interaction, land tenure, politics and religion.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y, 365Y (formerly ANT241Y)

Movements and Ideas in Contemporary Western Europe 26S

Examines recent shifts in the currents of European society and European thought which are closely related to social change. Regional nationalism, subjectivities and citizenship, and new forms of work, will all come under scrutiny. These phenomena will act as tests to the conceptual frameworks of "cultural studies," Raymond Williams, Pierre Bourdieu, etc.
Prerequisite: ANT446H

History and Development of Anthropological Theory 52L

History and development of theories which underlie contemporary anthropology.
Prerequisite: ANT204Y

/499H Independent Research TBA

Supervised independent research on a topic agreed on by the student and supervisor before enrolment in the course. Open only to advanced students with an adequate background in Anthropology. Application for enrolment should be made to the Department in the preceding term.
Exclusion: ANT409H, 410H, 422Y, 430Y, 442Y, 497Y
Prerequisite: Permission of Undergraduate Coordinator and Supervisor


(see Section 4 for Key to Course Descriptions)

Physical Anthropology 52L, 26P

The evolution of humans and their primate relatives, early and current evolutionary theory, human genetics, human adaptability and variability.
Recommended preparation: ANT100Y

Introduction to Archaeometry (formerly JPA300Y) 26L, 15P

Introduction to methods for remote sensing of buried archaeological remains, dating, and analysis of ancient materials. Application of methods and interpretation of results in archaeological contexts. (Offered in alternate years) (Given by the Departments of Physics and Anthropology)

Physics and Archaeology (formerly JPA300Y) 26L, 9P

Introduction to the principles behind archaeometric methods for remote sensing, dating, and analysis of archaeological materials, and interpretation of results. Offered in conjunction with JPA305H. (Offered in alternate years) (Given by the Departments of Physics and Anthropology)
Prerequisite: Any 1st-year Physics course or permission of instructor
Co-requisite: JPA305H

Paleoanthropology Field School 26L, 78P

This course provides background in the practical and theoretical aspects of fieldwork in Paleoanthropology. Students are trained in the treatment and analysis of fossil vertebrates, plant macro- and micro-fossils and sediments. Excursions to paleoanthropological localities of Homo erectus and Homo sapiens, and excavation at a hominoid site. (Joint undergraduate-graduate)
Prerequisite: ANT203Y

Human Evolutionary Anatomy 26L, 26P

A detailed examination of human musculo-skeletal anatomy from the comparative and evolutionary perspectives. Allometry, basic biomechanics, functional anatomy, and the structure and function of human mastication, the brain, the forelimb and bipedalism. Labs make use of the large collection of primate skeletal material and fossil human casts.
Prerequisite: ANT203Y

Living Primate Adaptations (formerly ANT 333H) 26L, 26P

A survey of living primates, describing their behavioural and anatomical characteristics, and a review of the evolutionary history of the Order of Primates for the past 60 million years. Lab-oriented course comparing the anatomy and adaptations of modern primates with the abundant and diverse primate skeletal material preserved in the fossil record.
Exclusion: ANT333H, 338H, 433H, 438H
Prerequisite: ANT203Y
Recommended preparation: ANT332Y, 334Y, BIO150Y

Human Osteology 39L, 39P

The normal and variational anatomy of the human skeleton: the archaeological recovery of human remains, methods of analyzing metrical and non-metrical traits, and paleopathology. Emphasis on practical laboratory work.
Prerequisite: ANT203Y

Human Population Biology 39L, 39P

Discussion of biological diversity of human populations according to climatic, nutritional, disease and demographic variables. From an ecological perspective, emphasis on evaluating the role of various factors (genetic, environmental and cultural) influencing population biology and on understanding the significance of human population variation.
Prerequisite: BIO150Y/ANT203Y

Advanced Physics and Archaeology 156P

An introduction to research in archaeometry and archaeological prospecting. Possible projects: magnetic and resistivity surveying of archaeological sites; thermoluminescence measurements; neutron activation analysis and x-ray fluorescence analysis of artifacts; radiocarbon dating by atom counting; lead isotope analysis. (Offered in alternate years) (Given by the Departments of Physics and Anthropology)
Prerequisite: JPA300Y/(JPA305H, 310H)

Laboratory in Faunal Archaeo-Osteology 78S, 78P

Examination and interpretation of faunal material from archaeological sites as evidence for culture.
Prerequisite: ARH312Y/(ANT312H, 413H)
Recommended preparation: BIO150Y, ZOO252Y/263Y

Palaeoecology in Primate and Human Evolution 13L, 13S

Advanced seminar addressing the questions of primate and human evolution from a palaeoecological perspective. The course reviews methods, theories, and physical evidence behind the palaeoecological approach. Students are expected to research and review the scientific literature relevant to specific case studies in the primate and human fossil record.
Prerequisite: ANT203Y
Recommended preparation: ANT333H, 433H/BIO150Y

Palaeoanthropology (formerly ANT429H) 26L, 26P

Method and theory in paleoanthropology focusing on reconstructions of human evolutionary history and the behaviour of fossil hominids. Identification and analysis of fossil human material and hominid systematics. Includes an extensive lab component using a large collection of primate skeletons and fossil human casts.
Exclusion: ANT429H
Prerequisite: ANT332Y

Primate Evolution 13L, 13P

Reviews the evolutionary history of the Order Primates by examining the fossil record of this group for the last 60 million years. Lab-oriented, the course compares the anatomy and adaptations of modern primates with the abundant and diverse primate skeletal material preserved in the fossil record.
Exclusion: ANT338H, 438H
Prerequisite: ANT203Y/333Y
Recommended preparation: ANT332Y, 334Y, BIO150Y

Palaeopathology 26L, 13P

The study of diseases and maladies of ancient populations. The course surveys the range of pathology on human skeletons, (trauma, infection, syphilis, tuberculosis, leprosy, anemia, metabolic disturbances, arthritis and tumors).
Prerequisite: ANT334Y

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