2003/2004 Calendar
Calendar Home Calendar Contents Contact Us Arts and Science Home

NMC Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations Courses

| Course Winter Timetable |

First Year Seminar 52S

Undergraduate seminar that focuses on specific ideas, questions, phenomena or controversies, taught by a regular Faculty member deeply engaged in the discipline. Open only to newly admitted first year students. It may serve as a distribution requirement course; see page 40.

The Ancient Near East 78L

Introduction to the archaeology, history and literature of the ancient Near East. The contributions made by the Egyptians, Babylonians and Assyrians to the development of civilization.
Exclusion: NMC370Y1/NMC371Y1/NMC372Y1 may not be taken in the same year

Islam’s Culture and Civilization 52L

This course acquaints students with the main features and legacies of the civilization that was formed in the Middle East in the 8th-10th centuries C.E. under the impetus of Islam, and marked by several highpoints before the early modern period. Continuity with the earlier civilizations of the ancient Near East are highlighted, and the diverse cultural traditions that contributed to the formation of Islamic civilization are described.

Language and Literature Courses

The Department reserves the right to place students in the NMC language course best suited to their linguistic preparation.


Introductory Akkadian 78S

Introduction to Old Babylonian. Grammar and the reading of selected texts. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: Arabic or Hebrew, normally NMC136Y1/NMC210Y1/NMC230Y1

Intermediate Akkadian 78S

(Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: NMC305Y1


Introductory Standard Arabic 78L,26P

Introduction to the grammar and basic vocabulary of standard or literary Arabic, the one language written and read, and also spoken by those educated to speak it, throughout the Arab world.
Exclusion: Native users

Intermediate Standard Arabic 78L,26P

Begins with a review of basic grammar and proceeds with the reading of simple, connected prose passages that typify normal patterns of Arabic syntax. More literary and idiomatic passages are introduced gradually.
Exclusion: Native users
Prerequisite: NMC210Y1 or permission of instructor

Advanced Standard Arabic 78S

After a short introduction to the history of the Arabic language within the framework of Semitic languages, connected passages of Arabic texts drawn from both classical and modern times are studied detail.
Exclusion: Native users of Arabic need permission of instructor
Prerequisite: Two years of Arabic

Survey of Classical Arabic Literature 52S

Systematic outline of the development, characteristics, and peculiarities of selected genres of classical Arabic literature such as historiography, belles-lettres (adab), philosophy, ethics - Qur’an, exegesis, Literature of Tradition - poetry. Complementary readings, analysis and translation of original text passages are given emphasis.
Prerequisite: Two years of Arabic or adequate reading knowledge

Islamic Thought in Mediaeval Arabic Sources 26S

Insights into the history of ideas in Islam. Original texts by Jurjani (d. 1078, literary criticism), Ghazali (d. 1111, philosophy), Ibn Rushd (d. 1196, law), Shahrastani (d. 1153, heresiography), Ibn Taymiyah (d. 1328, dogmatics), and Ibn Khaldun (d. 1406, social history). (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: Adequate reading knowledge of Arabic


Introductory Aramaic 78S

Introduction to Aramaic grammar. Readings from biblical Aramaic. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: Hebrew, normally NMC136Y1/NMC230Y1

Intermediate Aramaic: Targum 78S

An intensive study of various Targumim to the Pentateuch: Onkelos, Pseudo-Jonathan, Neophyti, Samaritan and Fragment Targumim. Differences among them in vocabulary, syntax and verb usage are discussed, as well as their relationship to the Palestinian midrashim. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: NMC315Y1

The Jerusalem Talmud: Jewish Western Aramaic 52S

The Talmud of the Land of Israel, also called Talmud Yerushalmi or Palestinian Talmud, is written in a mixture of Jewish Western Aramaic and Mishnaic Hebrew. It is the principal document of the Land of Israel in Late Antiquity. The course examines the legal argumentation, terminology and language which differ from those of the Babylonian Talmud. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor
Recommended preparation: NMC315Y1/NMC334Y1

Classical Syriac 78S

(Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: NMC315Y1

(Ancient) Egyptian

Introduction to Middle Egyptian 78S

Grammar and reading of selected hieroglyphic texts.

Intermediate Egyptian 78S

Middle Egyptian texts.
Prerequisite: NMC320Y1



Elementary Modern Hebrew 78L, 52P

Introduction to the fundamentals of Hebrew grammar and syntax through classroom and language laboratory practice. Emphasis on the development of oral and writing skills. (Offered in alternate years)
Exclusion: Those who have completed Grade 4 Hebrew (or Grade 2 in Israel)

Introductory Biblical Hebrew 78S

An introduction to biblical Hebrew prose. Grammar and selected texts. For students with no previous knowledge of Hebrew.
Exclusion: Those who have completed Grade 8 Hebrew (or Grade 6 in Israel)

Intermediate Modern Hebrew I 52S

Intensive study of written and spoken Hebrew. (Offered in alternate years)
Exclusion: Those who have completed Grade 8 Hebrew (or Ulpan level 2 in Israel)
Prerequisite: NMC136Y1

Intermediate Modern Hebrew II 52S

Intensive study of written and spoken Hebrew. (Offered in alternate years)
Exclusion: Those who have completed Grade 10 Hebrew (or Ulpan level 3 in Israel)
Prerequisite: NMC236H1

Intermediate Biblical Hebrew: Historical Books 78S

Study of Hebrew grammar, providing a continuation of NMC230Y1. Through extensive reading of Hebrew in the books of Joshua-2 Kings, grammar is reviewed and consolidated, and vocabulary expanded. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: OAC Hebrew/NMC230Y1

Intermediate Biblical Hebrew: Pentateuch 78S

Study of Hebrew grammar, providing a continuation of NMC230Y1. Through extensive reading of Hebrew in the books of Genesis-Deuteronomy, grammar is reviewed and consolidated, and vocabulary expanded. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: OAC Hebrew/NMC230Y1

Topics in Babylonian Talmud 52S

Selections from a tractate in Babylonian Talmud in order to gain facility in the understanding of the dialogic structure of the legal discussions. Practice in the use of classical commentaries and critical aids to allow independent study of the text. (Conducted in Hebrew) (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: OAC Hebrew/NMC237H1/NMC230Y1

Halakhic Midrashim 52S

This course familiarizes students with the methodology and terminology of the two midrashic systems: Devei R. Akiba and Devei R. Ishmael. Sections of all the midrashic halakha (Mekhiltot, Sifra and Sifre) are studied and compared to other Tannaitic materials. (Conducted in Hebrew) (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor
Recommended preparation: NMC237H1/NMC330Y1/NMC333Y1/NMC334Y1

Modern Hebrew Poetry 26S

A study of the poetic works of a major modern Hebrew poet. (Conducted in Hebrew) (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor

Modern Hebrew Prose 26S

A study of an important modern writer of Hebrew fiction. (Conducted in Hebrew) (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor



Persian for Beginners 78S

The fundamentals of modern standard Persian grammar, with emphasis on attaining fluency in reading and writing simple texts. Also serves as a basis for classical Persian. (Offered in alternate years)
Exclusion: Those who have knowledge, however passive, of Persian (Farsi)

Intermediate Persian 78S

Reading of a variety of modern prose texts on the intermediate level, with an emphasis on grammatical analysis and translation. Introduction to the classical language in the second term, with readings from selected authors. (Offered in alternate years)
Exclusion: NMC242Y1/Those who are native users of Persian (Farsi)
Prerequisite: NMC240Y1

Survey of Classical Persian Literature 52S

Introduction to classical Persian poetry, including the Persian national epic and the mystical tradition, and survey of the development of classical Persian prose, based on readings from selected authors. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: NMC340Y1 or adequate knowledge of Persian


Introductory Turkish 78S

The basic features of modern Turkish grammar. In the second term, Turkish prose and newspapers are studied, with some practice in writing simple Turkish. This course serves as a basis for the study of Ottoman Turkish. (Offered in alternate years)
Exclusion: Native speakers

Intermediate Turkish 78S

Modern texts literary, scholarly and journalistic. Turkish grammar and syntax; the nature of Turkish culture. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: NMC245Y1 or adequate reading knowledge of Turkish

Advanced Turkish 78S

Literary texts and composition in modern Turkish. Introduction to Ottoman Turkish. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: NMC345Y1 or adequate reading knowledge of Turkish

Literature in Translation Courses

Arabic Literature in Translation 26S

Representative Arabic poems of the pre-Islamic period, followed by certain aspects of the Qur’an. Development of lyric poetry in the Islamic period and of prose, with emphasis on narrative prose. (Offered in alternate years)

Syriac Literature in Translation 52L

Selected texts from Syriac literature written between the 3rd and 13th centuries C.E., including versions of the Bible and prominent authors of biblical commentaries, hymns, acts of martyrs, liturgical texts, historiography, grammatical and lexicographical works, as well as translations from Greek. (Offered in alternate years)
Recommended preparation: NMC101Y1

Wisdom Literature of Ancient Israel 26L

A discussion and analysis of the most debated issues in the wisdom literature of ancient Israel, including the problems of defining the corpus; interpretation; literary dependency; and other problems including the origins of wisdom and the existence of schools in ancient Israel. The question of identifying a text as wisdom literature will be specifically
Recommend preparation: NMC280Y1/NMC355H1

Mass Media and/in the Middle East 52L

This course examines a) the transformations of Middle Eastern societies in the context of the development of communication technologies and media cultures; and b) Western media constructions of the Middle East and its diasporas in the West. (Offered in alternate years)

Modern Israeli Literature: Between War & Apocalypse 13L

An exploration of contemporary Israel through its literary representations of war and catastrophe. The poetry of lamentation from the Bible into modern Hebrew literature. The representation of war and Holocaust is seen through the prism of modern Israeli war literature and inherited Jewish patterns of processing catastrophe.

Archaeology Courses

The Archaeology of the Ancient Near East 78L

A general introduction to the archaeology of the ancient Near East including prehistory, Syria-Palestine, and the high civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Organized chronologically to trace the historical development of agriculture, urbanism, and complex state-ordered societies in the region.

Field Archaeology (formerly NMC261H1) TBA

Participation for 4 - 7 weeks during the summer in an approved archaeological excavation in the eastern Mediterranean. This experience is then critiqued in a previously assigned essay researched and written under guidance upon return. Departmental permission is required in December-February prior to the fieldwork. Registration in the course will take place in the fall following field activity.

Archaeology of Palestine in the Biblical Period 52L

From the Paleolithic to the Persian period, with primary emphasis on the Bronze and Iron Ages. The historical development of Palestinian archaeology, current field methods and interpretive strategies, and the relationship of archaeological discoveries to written records, including the Hebrew Bible. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: NMC260Y1

The Art and Archaeology of Ancient Egypt (formerly NMC362H1) 26L

Architecture, formal arts, and decorative arts to the end of the Pharaonic period. Cultural evolution rather than art history. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: NMC260Y1

The Archaeology of Historical Mesopotamia 26L

The archaeology, art and architecture of Iraq, North Syria and western Iran from ca. 3000 B.C.E. to the Persian period. The civilizations of Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia and Assyria, as well as their relationship to those of the surrounding areas. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: NMC260Y1

The Islamic City 52L

Architectural studies, historical sources and archaeological research are used to examine the physical and social morphology of the pre-industrial Islamic city from Central Asia to North Africa and Spain, from the 7th to the 17th centuries.

Archaeological Materials and Industries 26L

Materials and technology help define the cultures and civilizations that use them, especially for archaeologists. Focusing on the Near and Middle East, this course is aimed at promoting understanding of the nature of materials used by the peoples of the region from the earliest prehistory until recent times. This course has a hands-on emphasis. (Offered in alternate years)
Recommended preparation: NMC260Y1

Problems in the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East 52S

Prerequisite: 1.5 courses from NMC361Y1/NMC362Y1/NMC363H1/NMC465H1/NMC466H1; two courses from NMC370Y1/NMC371Y1/NMC372Y1

Polarized-light Microscopy in Archaeology (formerly NMC462H1) 13L, 39P

The use of polarized-light microscopy in the examination of ceramics, stone, other materials, and microstratigraphy. Lectures in elementary optical mineralogy and case-studies are followed by lab sessions in which typical thin-sections of pottery, rocks, soils and other materials are studied. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: NMC369H1

Mediaeval Middle Eastern Ceramics 13L, 26P

An intense view of the basic corpus of pottery from the Middle East, ca. 700-1800 C.E. The identification of technology, form, and style of the main ceramic groups, enabling identification, dating and attribution of original provenance. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: NMC260Y1

Ceramic Analysis (formerly NMC364H1) 26S

A survey of methods of classification and analysis (form, fabric and style) involved in the study of archaeological ceramics, and the use of ceramics to infer patterns of production, distribution, and social organization; linking research questions with appropriate analytical techniques.
Prerequisite: ARH312Y1/NMC361Y1/NMC369H1

Near Eastern Ceramics (formerly NMC367H1) 26S

An introduction to the basic corpus of Near Eastern ceramics, from the invention of pottery production in the Neolithic until the Persian period, utilizing existing collections at the University and in the Royal Ontario Museum.
Prerequisite: NMC260Y1, NMC465H1

Archaeology and Material Culture of Ancient Egypt 52L

The archaeology and material culture of ancient Egypt from the Predynastic through the Ptolemaic Period, with emphasis on the theoretical and methodological issues inherent in interpreting the archaeological record. Students will also work directly with artifactual material from the Egyptian collection of the ROM.
Prerequisite: NMC371Y1

History Courses

History of Syriac Christianity 26L

The birth of Christianity in Syria and Mesopotamia and the rise of the Monophysite and Nestorian Churches; their life under the Byzantines, Sassanians, Arabs, Mongols and Ottomans. The role of Syrian Christians in diplomacy, science, missions, and relations with other churches. (Offered in alternate years)
Recommended preparation: NMC101Y1

Islamic History to the Fall of Baghdad (1258) 52L

Features of the pre-Islamic Middle East inherited by Islamic civilization, birth of Islam, life and times of Muhammad, formation of Islamic empire and civilization, political disintegration of the caliphate, emergence of autonomous dynasties, the fall of Baghdad to Mongols in 1258 and the rise of the Mamluks.

The Steppe Frontier in Islamic History 52L

Eurasian steppe nomads as slave-soldiers, conquerors, world-empire builders throughout pre-modern Islamic Middle East and Central Asia. Topics include pastoral nomadism, steppe politics and warfare, conversion, jihad. Provides basis for understanding past and present issues of lands, such as Iran, Afghanistan, India, Syria, Egypt and Turkey, where Turks and Mongols played decisive historical roles. (Offered in alternate years)

Social Movements and Civil Society in the Middle East 52L

This course examines the transformation of Middle Eastern societies form the perspective of non-state actors, especially the social and political movements of peasants, women, labour, students, and other social groups.

Special Topics 52L

A course offered only at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem in conjunction with Woodsworth College. Specific topics each year determined by the instructor.

Introduction to the Modern Middle East 52L

Historical survey of the principal countries of the Middle East in the 19th and 20th centuries. Themes include the interplay of imperial and local interests, the emergence of national movements, and the formation of modern states.

Ancient Israel 52L

The political and cultural history of ancient Israel from the origin of the Hebrews to the exile and restoration in the Persian period. (Offered in alternate years)
Exclusion: NMC101Y1 may not be taken in the same year
Recommended preparation: NMC101Y1

Ancient Egypt 52L

The political and cultural history of Egypt from the close of the predynastic period to its conquest by Alexander the Great; the use of both archaeological and literary evidence.
Exclusion: NMC101Y1 may not be taken in the same year
Recommended preparation: NMC101Y1

Ancient Mesopotamia: Sumer, Babylonia and Assyria 52L

The political and cultural history of the peoples of ancient South-Western Asia (Sumerians, Babylonians, Hittites and Persians). (Offered in alternate years)
Exclusion: NMC101Y1 may not be taken in the same year
Recommended preparation: NMC101Y1

Turkey and Iran in the 20th Century 52L

A survey of the social, cultural, and political transformations of Turkey and Iran in the context of Eurasian and international relations. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: NMC278Y1 or permission of instructor

History of Islamic Egypt 52L

A survey of the history of Egypt under Islamic rule from the Arab to the Ottoman conquest (1517 C.E.), including the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk dynasties. Issues treated thematically include conversion and inter-communal relations, relations with Syria, militarization of the political structure, including the military slave (mamluk) institution, religious currents, the impact of the Crusades and Mongol invasions, commercial and diplomatic relations, the emergence of Cairo as the centre of the later mediaeval western Islamic world. (Offered in alternate years)
Recommended preparation: NMC273Y1

History of Mediaeval Iran 48L, 4T

The pre-Islamic background, particularly the Achaemenid and Sasanian periods. The Islamic conquests of the 7th century CE, and the transformation of Persian culture in the renaissance of the 10th century. Survey of the major dynasties, including the Samanids, Saljuqs, and Timurids, terminating with the Safavids in the 16th century.
Recommended preparation: NMC274Y1

History of Islamic Spain and North Africa (640-1492) 26L

Muslim conquest of North Africa and Spain, history of Spain under Muslim rule to 1492. Attention given to institutional and cultural development, Islamic Spain’s relations with the Islamic east and neighbours in Europe. (Offered in alternate years)
Recommended preparation: NMC273Y1

The Ottoman Empire to 1800 52L

History of the emergence of the Ottoman state and its evolution from a border principality in Asia Minor into an empire. Ottoman expansion into Europe, Asia and Africa. The empire at its height under Süleyman the Lawgiver. The development of important administrative and military institutions. First military and diplomatic setbacks.

Modern Arab History 52L

Political, social and economic history of the Arab lands of North Africa and the Middle East from 1700 to the present. Arabs under Ottoman rule, western colonial rule, emergence of independent states, current problems and prospects. (Offered in alternate years)
Recommended preparation: NMC278Y1

History of Science in the Islamic World 26L

An introduction to mathematics, astronomy, alchemy and the medical sciences, as they were known, developed, and applied in practical ways in the mediaeval Islamic world.

Orientalism & Occidentalism 26S

This course probes the contemporaneous formation of modern Oriental Studies in Europe and the emergence of discourses on Europe (Ifranj/Farang) in the Middle East from the eighteenth century to the
present.  Special emphasis will be devoted to encounters between scholars in Western Europe, Iran, India, and the Ottoman Empire.  This seminar-style course explains that Orientals gazed and returned the gaze, and in the process of "cultural looking," they, like their Occidental counterparts, exoticized and eroticized the Farangi-Other. In the interplay of looks between Orientals and Occidentals, there was no steady position of spectatorship, no objective observer, and no "aperspectival" position.

Nationalism, Ethnicity and Minority Rights in the Middle East 52S

This course examines the formation of nations and nation-states, national and ethnic conflicts, self-determination, conflict resolution, and national and ethnic minority rights.

Topics in Modern Middle Eastern History 52S

A seminar organized around readings in selected topics. The topics are related to the instructor’s research interests. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: NMC378Y1 or permission of instructor

Religion and Philosophy Courses

Introduction to the Religion of Islam 52L

The place of Islam in world history, its central beliefs and practices. The Islamic contribution to world civilization; the pluralistic community, learning and the arts. Islam and modernity.
Exclusion: RLG204Y1

Judaism and Feminism 26S

Explores the interaction between Jewish religious and secular movements and feminism. Investigates Jewish law (halakha) and the Jewish legal (halakhic) process in terms of feminist critique. Marriage, divorce, Torah study, bat mitzvah, other ceremonies, female rabbinic ordination and women’s prayer groups are some of the topics considered. (Offered in alternate years)

Religion and Myth in the Ancient Near East (formerly NMC380H1) 52L

Religious belief and practice in Mesopotamia and Syria (Ugarit). (Offered in alternate years)
Recommended preparation: NMC101Y1

Ancient Egyptian Religion 52L

Religious belief and practice in Egypt. (Offered in alternate years)
Recommended preparation: NMC101Y1

Life Cycle and Personal Status in Judaism 52L

Jewish attitudes to various personal status issues, such as the foetus, the minor, the pubescent child, and the mentally and physically challenged adult from biblical and rabbinic sources to modern Jewish positions. (Offered in alternate years)

Intellectuals of the Arab World 52L

The course examines the 19th and 20th century Arab world through the lenses of its intellectuals, their debates and political activism. It asks how intellectuals reflected and shaped their environment and their times. A major theme is the interconnectedness of (post-) colonial politics and intellectual production in the modern Middle East. (Offered in alternate years)
Recommended preparation: NMC276Y1/NMC278Y1/NMC378Y1

Shi'i Islam 26L

The history and beliefs of Muslims who have seen themselves as holding to a distinctive vision of Islam anchored in a characteristic attitude towards the ultimate sources of religious authority. Special attention is paid to "political" Shi'ism: the Fatamids, the Safavids, contemporary Iran; the roles of personal sacrifice and messianism.
Prerequisite: NMC185Y1/RLG204Y1

Islamic Mystical Tradition 26L

Mysticism and spirituality in Islam: the Qur'an; doctrine; prayer;
Sufism; Irfan (Shi'i mysticism). Themes include love, knowledge, authority, being, interpretation.
Prerequisite: NMC185Y1/RLG204Y1

Mediaeval Jewish and Islamic Philosophy and Theology

An introduction to mediaeval Jewish theological and philosophical thought in the Islamic world. During the first semester the system of Jewish and Islamic rationalist theology (kalam) will be discussed from a thematic approach (epistemology, the doctrine of the unity of God, ontology, psychology and the notion of afterlife). The guideline of these lectures will be chapters from The Book of Beliefs and Opinions of Saadya Gaon al-Fayyumi (d. 942, Baghdad), the founder and most prominent figure of Jewish rationalist theology. The second semester will concentrate on the systems of the “philosophers” (thinkers who were influenced by either Aristotelian or Neo-Platonic thought and who attempted to reconcile Scripture with the wisdom of Antiquity). During these lectures the thought of Maimonides and Ibn Gabirol will be analyzed with constant reference to their Muslim “colleagues” and contemporaries (Avicenna, al-Ghazali and Averroes).

Gender-related Topics in Law and Religion 52L

Abortion, rape, family violence and similar topics from the perspective of historical and legal development, scientific theory, socio-ethical attitudes and anthropological comparison in the Bible and other ancient Near Eastern sources, through Jewish legal texts to modern responses. (Offered in alternate years)
Prerequisite: Permission of instructor

Art and Material Culture Courses

Mediaeval Islamic Architecture in the Mediterranean Basin 26L

The architecture of the Islamic Mediterranean arose out of a dialogue between its classical origins, its Christian neighbours and its allegiance to the Islamic world. Developments (e.g., ribbed dome, arabesque and palace) in Spain, Sicily, North Africa, Egypt, Syria and Turkey. (Offered every three years)
Prerequisite: Two courses in NMC

The Taj Mahal and Its Origins 26L

Monumental architecture, whether for secular or religious purposes, played a special role in Muslim societies, particularly in major centres such as Isfahan, Samarkand and Delhi. Beginning with the Taj Mahal (1632) the best-known elements of Islamic architecture the double dome, the pointed arch, glazed tiles are traced retroactively in Iran, Central Asia, and India, and their social context is studied. (Offered every three years)
Prerequisite: NMC391H1, NMC394H1 or 2 courses in FAH

Early Islamic Art and Architecture (formerly NMC390Y1) 26L

Islamic culture and society as documented by its art and archaeological remains, examined in their social contexts as well as for their form and style. Area of study from Spain to India, but with emphasis on the shifting of creativity from the 7th to the 13th century C.E. Workshop sessions with Royal Ontario Museum objects. (Offered every three years)
Prerequisite: FAH290Y1 or a course in Islamic history

Later Islamic Art and Architecture (formerly NMC390Y1) 26L

A continuation of NMC393H1, covering the years from the 13th century C.E. to the modern period. Workshop sessions with Royal Ontario Museum objects. (Offered every three years)
Prerequisite: NMC391H1/NMC392H1/NMC393H1

Research Courses

Research Opportunity Program

Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. See page 40 for details.

Independent Experiential Study Project

An instructor-supervised group project in an off-campus setting. See page 40 for details.

Independent Studies

A scholarly project chosen by the student, approved by the Department and supervised by one of the instructors. See Department Handbook for further information.
Prerequisite: Permission of Department

Independent Studies

Prerequisite: Permission of Department

Independent Studies

Prerequisite: Permission of Department

Directed Reading

A course of study tailored to the individual needs or interests of advanced undergraduate students. A selection of readings chosen by the student, under the supervision of a faculty member on which the student may be examined serves as background preparation for the writing of a research paper.
Prerequisite: Permission of Department

Calendar Home ~ Calendar Contents ~ Contact Us ~ Arts & Science Home
Copyright © 2003, University of Toronto