An introduction to book and print culture and readership, from manuscripts to information technologies. Attention is given to topics such as the development of the printing press, illustrations, censorship, copyright, book clubs, and best-sellers. Visits to rare book collections are an integral part of the course.
Intended to provide a speaking, reading and writing knowledge of modern Irish. Basic features of the grammar are studied.
The expression of Celtic culture in literature, history, folklore and myth from 600 B.C. to the present, with particular attention to the continuing Celtic contribution to Western culture.
Completes the basic introduction to the Irish language with a concentration on speaking and compositional skills together with first readings of simple literary texts.
An introduction to Scots Gaelic language and culture. Students will master fundamentals of reading, writing, and the basics of grammar and will begin to speak Gaelic. Proverbs, poetry, songs and folktales introduce students to the language, literature and folklore of Gaelic Scotland and immigrant North America. No prior knowledge of the language is required.
An introductory course intended to provide a basic speaking and reading knowledge of Modern Welsh. Open to students with no prior experience of Welsh.
Speaking, writing and reading competence is emphasized in this course. This course concentrates on the study of modern Irish literary texts, both poetry and prose and advanced translation into the Irish language.
This course examines the way in which modern Irish, Scottish and Welsh writers have responded to the pressures of anglicization and modernization; and discusses literary reactions to social, ethnic and gender issues in contemporary culture.
Literature in relation to the structure and development of the insular Celtic society that produced it; the Mythological, Ulster, Fenian, and Historical Saga cycles; voyages, visions, religious, lyric, and gnomic poetry, British heroic poetry, medieval Welsh narratives both secular and religious. Texts studied in translation.
The art and archaeology of the Celtic peoples from 800 B.C to 900 A.D. Hallstatt and La Tene civilizations; the Celtic settlement of Great Britain and Ireland; Celto-Roman civilization; the art and architecture of the Christian period.
The political and social development of Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and Brittany from the 5th to the 12th centuries.
An examination of the relationship between the Celtic mythology and the ancient art of storytelling and an exploration of the place of traditional music in modern society.
This course examines the political, social and economic development of Ireland between 1791 and 1985. Special attention is paid to the emergence of Irish nationalism, Anglo-Irish relations, the connection between religion and politics, and the current conflict in Northern Ireland.
This course examines the poetry and other writings of Seamus Heaney against the background of a modern tradition of Irish writing. Special attention is paid to issues of nationalism, the tensions of social and historical involvement, the place of Gaelic tradition and translation in the creation of a poet whose scope and audience is international.
The religious culture of the early and mediaeval Celtic Church as manifested in the material and written record; its significance for contemporary religious movements. Texts studied include the Patrician dossier, early monastic Rules and Liturgies, selected hagiographical, homiletic, devotional and lyric texts.
The Blasket Islands lie off the southwest coast of Ireland. This course will examine the important “library” of books written and orally recorded by the islanders from the 1920’s onwards. Special attention will be paid to “The Island Man”; “Peig” and “Twenty Years a Growing”. Texts studied in translation.
A study of the Gaelic literature of Ireland from 1600 to the present within its poetical and historical context. A selection of texts in the original and in translation are read.
An introduction to contemporary Irish writing, in its social context, in both Irish and English languages. Among writers studied are Paul Muldoon, Eavan Boland, John McGahern, Michael Longley, Nuala Ni Dhomhnaill, Cathal O Searcaigh, Roddy Doyle, Caitlin Maude, and Alan Titley. Irish language authors are studied in translation.
An examination of economic, political and social change in Wales from the eighteenth century to the present. Special attention is paid to class conflict in the coalfields, rural-urban relations, language issues, and the search for national identity.
A concluding course in Celtic Studies, providing an opportunity to synthesize insights acquired during the course of the Program (enrolment subject to availability of a supervisor).
Prerequisite: Approval of Instructor and Program Director
Designed to provide for individual half-courses not already covered in the listed range of Celtic Studies Program offerings.
Designed to provide for individual courses not already covered in the listed range of Celtic Studies Program offerings.
A course slot designed to provide for individual half courses not already covered in the listed range of Celtic Studies Program offerings.
This course explores the history of Irish migration and settlement in Canada with a special emphasis on political, social, economic and religious themes.
This course explores, by means of the historical method, Scottish migration and settlement in Canada, with special emphasis on religious, cultural, political, social and economic themes.
This course examines the origins, character and development of Irish Nationalism in the United States and Canada. Special attention is paid to the United Irishmen in the United States, the young Ireland exiles and the Fenian movement in North America.
An introduction to the Welsh language and literature from the 10th to the 14th centuries.
An introduction to Old and Middle Irish language and literature from the 7th to the 11th century.
This course covers the range of the Celtic mythological record from all the Celtic areas through an examination of the archaeological, inscriptional and textual sources. A critical evaluation is offered of various relevant mythic approaches.
An introduction to Catholic Christianity, to its history, institutions, and theology. The second part of the course examines the renewal effort of Vatican II and offers a contemporary Catholic reading of the Creed.
The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the depth and breadth of the imagination in the western Christian tradition. We shall explore components of the distinctively Christian imagination, as well as its expression in various media, including the visual and plastic arts, literature, film, and music.
The Christian search for identity, order and meaning in personal experience, through literature.The way biblical patterns are used to orient this search are compared through selected works from antiquity, the Middle Ages, modern Europe and contemporary North America.
Issues raised by Christianity’s encounter with secular culture, and solutions proposed by the tradition: involvement in political structures, social movements, ethnic communities, and changing world views.
A study of key elements in the encounter of Christianity and Asia: e.g. the controversy over Chinese rites; Korea’s conversion by lay philosophers; the development of Filipino folk Catholicism and its impact on politics; the influence of Indian thought on recent Western theologians.
Exploration of the variety of forms which Christian personal experience has taken in the course of history (martyrdom, mysticism, monasticism, sanctification of ordinary life, etc.) in order to appreciate their variety, complexity, and deep unity.
The various roles given music in Christian tradition and the impact of Christianity on Western music. Case studies from Gregorian chant to the present illustrate major issues (sacred vs. profane, acceptable styles or instruments, text and music, emotion and rationalism) to provide a critical vocabulary applicable to present works.
The development of Christian communities in Latin America with an emphasis on such themes as the Spanish Conquista, missions, church-state relations, popular religious culture, and the emergence of Liberation Theology.
An introduction to the Christian intellectual tradition through a study of key figures representing a variety of historical periods, from the patristic through the medieval to the modern and contemporary. The selected authors discuss a range of religious, intellectual and human issues from basic Christian beliefs to the challenges of modern and postmodern cultures.
The social, theological, and institutional development of Christian communities in Africa, including the birth of early churches in North Africa, missionary activity, popular religion, and the emergence of new Christian movements in the post-colonial period.
Christian history has been characterized by an enduring and fruitful search for forms of religious community. This course surveys some communal attempts to express Christianity, monasticism, forms of common life for clerics, the Mendicants, lay confraternities, religious orders, and contemporary lay movements.
A biblical, historical, and theological introduction to the theory and practice of the Christian liturgy, with special attention to baptism and the eucharist.
The course examines the emergence of the physical sciences within Christian culture. It also traces broad historical developments, such as the rise of technology and the acceptance of empirical observation as a method of inquiry, and their impact on Christian faith.
Originality of Christian symbolism explored through texts and slides; its use and transformation of pagan and Jewish symbolic forms; its self-interpretation in patristic literature; its practice in early and mediaeval art.
Christianity’s contribution to contemporary aesthetics, in theory and practice. The course deals with theoretical texts, and with the practical use of Christ’s image and of Judeo-Christian symbolic patterns in recent architecture, art, film and literature.
An examination of Canon Law; the process by which it came into being, and its impact on contemporary culture. Premises and techniques of ecclesial law-making are compared to those of other systems of legislation. Specific sections of the Code of Canon Law are examined.
An introduction to the place and meaning of the Bible within the Christian tradition; the practice of biblical interpretation in the patristic, medieval and modern periods; a contemporary reading of one of the Gospels and of a letter of Paul.
A close reading of the Code of Canon Law touching on the themes of marriage and the family; relationship to other fundamental Church statements (e.g. Familiaris Consortio); examination of issues raised by opposition between church teaching and other views.
This course explores developments in the relations between the Catholic Church and the states of Western Europe and America from the Enlightenment to the present. Of particular concern is Catholicism’s response to the political theories of the Enlightenment, the secularization of the state and social justice issues.
Introduces students to the Catechism of the Catholic Church (1994) and its antecedents. After an historical survey of religious instruction in the Church, the students will engage in a close reading of selected sections of the Catechism of the Catholic Church.
The Catholic Church claims to be the continuation of the event of Christ in history, the guarantor of the authenticity of each person’s encounter with Christ, and the means by which His memory may be cultivated. The course examines the reasons for these claims and the forms they have taken.
The Catholic Church has developed a distinctive approach to the pedagogical enterprise. This course explores aspects of this approach by an examination of canonical legislation and other texts published by ecclesiastical authorities and their application in Canada.
An historical appraisal of the evolution of Catholic schools, universities, and catechetical education in Ontario. Special emphasis is placed on the evolution of Ontario’s separate school system.
An exploration of the historical development of Catholic communities and institutions in all regions of Canada since the 16th century. Emphasis placed on themes of mission, church-state relations, ethnicity, belief and practice, social justice, gender, and secularization.
The Church’s self-understanding generates interesting problems in her relations with the civil societies in which she lives. These problems are often fruitful and leaves marks in the legislation of each of these societies. The proposed course will assess the extent to which this has been true in Canada, from the earliest days of European expansion until the present. After an historical introduction regarding the legal status of the Church in French and post-conquest Canada, the proposed course will study the current legal treatment of Church activity, institutions, and property. The legal treatment of criminous clerics will also be examined.
Faith in Christ is central to Christianity. This course examines both classical formulations of that faith and Enlightenment critiques of them. It introduces students to contemporary rethinking of christology in the light of modern science and philosophy, comparative religion, feminism, and liberation movements.
This seminar studies past outbursts of Christian interest in the millennium theme, present manifestations of this trend, and the implications of its contemporary revitalization at the dawn of the third millennium.
Episodes and issues in the development of the life sciences in relation to fundamental Christian beliefs concerning nature, man and God: behaviour and intelligence, gender, genetics and the manipulation of life, creation/evolution controversy, etc.
The complex interplay between religious belief, culture, and the emergence of modern physical theory: rise and fall of mechanistic theories, relativity, particle physics and models of the Universe, Big Bang theory and Black Holes, etc.
The Second Vatican Council is the most important event in contemporary Catholic life. This course examines various aspects of the Council, including its convocation, process, theological teaching, and effects on the Catholic Church and its relations to society.
Christianity and Culture
Christianity and Culture
Prerequisite: Two courses in Christianity and Culture
Prerequisite: Two courses in Christianity and Culture
An examination of the development of sacred space in the early Church, reflection upon its place in the imaginative landscape of the European Middle Ages, and discussion of its implications for the understanding of space and place in our own culture.
An examination of the use of the Bible in the mediaeval period (500-1500) as source of motifs in art and architecture, provider of stories for poetry and drama, authority in legal and political debate, and tool for teaching and preaching.
A research seminar to explore the foundational principles and historical applications of Catholic social teaching since, Rerum novarum. Special emphasis placed on scriptural texts, magisterial documents, and contemporary case studies. Integral to the course is a major paper based on primary source research.
A course which explores, through lectures, seminar meetings and an agency placement, the ways in which Christian social teaching is translated into public advocacy and policy.
A study of some classic expressions of mediaeval thought and culture, from Ovid’s Metamorphoses and Boethius’s Consolation of Philosophy to the writings of Thomas Aquinas and the art of the Gothic cathedral, considering the unity-in-diversity to be found in mediaeval history, theology, law, philosophy, literature and art.
This course examines the most salient aspects of mediaeval manuscript culture. We will study, first, how the parchment for books was folded, pricked, ruled and bound, and second, what scripts were employed in the different codices. We will also examine the various types of books made in the Middle Ages and the challenges they pose to modern scholars.
This seminar explores the development of some of the institutions of mediaeval Christendom, such as guilds, the University and the Papacy, in relation to social and intellectual movements of the age.
Mediaeval jurisprudence combines the high technical quality of Roman law with the requirements of Christianity. The seminar provides an overview of the development of mediaeval learned jurisprudence; select texts from Roman and canon law, with their glosses, are read in order to explore more specifically the methods and concerns of mediaeval jurists.
A fourth-year seminar on a topic to be determined annually.
A fourth-year seminar on a topic to be determined annually.
This course surveys mediaeval vernacular literature within the cultural context of Europe and considers the development of different literary genres such as epic, romance and lyric. Relations between vernacular literatures, and between vernacular and latin literature are also studied.
A scholarly project chosen by the student in consultation with an instructor and approved by the Program Co-ordinator. Arrangements for the choice of topic and supervisor must be completed by the student before registration.
Designed to acquaint students with the essential notions of media studies, and to promote a conscious utilization of contemporary media. Starting with the preliminary definitions of “media,” “mass,” and “communications,” the student is invited to consider critically the cultural constructs created by modern media, from print to photography, filming TV, computer and Internet.
Credit course for supervised participation in faculty research project. See page 40 for details.
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